Theory Of The Anthropology Of Space Essay

Theory Of The Anthropology Of Space Essay

Length: 1667 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Theory of Proxemics: The Anthropology of Space
Hall (1966) defined proxemics as the “interrelated observations and theories of man’s use of space” (101); from the observations he made from animal studies regarding territoriality, spacing, and population, he proposes an organizational model of the underlying culture. This model is organized by Hall (1966) as a set of patterns divided into three different cultural levels: the intracultural, the precultural, and the microcultural. Infracultural “is behavioral and is rooted in man’s biological past” and precultural “is physiological and very much is the present” (101). Microcultural, used by Hall (1966) to make most of his observation, has three aspects: fixed-feature, semifixed-feature, and informal (101.
Fixed-feature space is described by Hall (1966) as a way of organizing individual activities that feature behaviors that are fixed and rigid; examples of this include territorial behaviors for courting, nesting, as well as physical manifestations of behaviors such a building walls or the way they are grouped together (103). Semifixed-feature space is described by Hall (1966) as space that is both movable and changeable (i.e. curtains, screens, movable partitions, and furniture). What is important to note about this type of space is that not all cultures will categorize this feature in the same way. This distinction is noted by Hall (1966)’s description of certain spaces as sociofugal (limiting social interaction) vs. sociopetal (encouraging social interaction) (108). Informal space is described by Hall (1966) as the distance maintained between individuals during encounters that are the consequence of sensory shifts, such as degree of loudness, as described before (113). The deg...

... middle of paper ...

...eening needs are there? For what senses and which relationships?
12. What is the nature of the sensory involvement for the different relationship in the normal course of everyday life?
13. What specific spatial needs are there?
14. What are the spatial references in the lexicon?
15. Is there a special handling of space between superordinates and subordinates?
The next step by Hall was the categorization of descriptive linguistics by reviewing the oxford dictionary for words with spatial connotation; which resulted in approximately 5,000 terms English terms. Due to only being able to speak English, requested a friends help in compiling a similar Arab-English dictionary. In analyzing paintings and literature Hall was able to see that the concept of space changes over time and is connected to the raising consciousness of proxemic patterns that appear in culture (90).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Anthropology Is Anthropology Essay

- Anthropology according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary is defined as “the study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture.” In essence, anthropology is a theory outlining the origin and nature of the human race as well as how they adapted to various environments accompanied by various cultural discrepancies. However, recently there has been a lingering debate about whether or not anthropology is considered a science....   [tags: Anthropology, Sociology, Human, Social sciences]

Better Essays
949 words (2.7 pages)

Symbolic Anthropology : Symbols And Symbols Essay

- Symbolic Anthropology was the concentrated study of the symbols of a culture. The symbols properties, their meanings, and what did they bring to the culture. Victor Turner explained this as the smallest unit of a ritual that still retains the ritual behavior. The examples of this could be banners on a birthday, good plates on Thanksgiving, and Christmas lights on Christmas, and small things that makes up the ritual itself. The symbols help make up these behaviors, there are properties and meanings behind these symbols....   [tags: Meaning of life, Psychology, Victor Turner]

Better Essays
1165 words (3.3 pages)

The Theory Of Knowledge And Practices Of Power Essay

- Positionality refers to one’s social location or position within an intersecting web of socially constructed hierarchical groups, such as race, class, gender, sexual orientation, religion, nationality, and physical abilities. Different experiences, understanding, and knowledge of oneself and the world are gained, accessed, and produced based on one’s positionality (Sorrells). Standpoint theory emerged in the 1970s and 1980s as a feminist critical theory about relations between the production of knowledge and practices of power (Harding, 2004)....   [tags: Culture, Sociology, Anthropology, Race]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Sociological Perspectives Of Functionalism, Conflict And Interactionism Essay

- The information in this paper will discuss the three major sociological perspectives of functionalism, conflict and interactionism. One must first possess an understanding of Sociology, which is the study of society and social interactions. With the understanding of sociology and the factors that make studying the social interactions an interested topic of sociologists. There have been many changes in the family structure in families in the United States as the dynamics of families have been reversed....   [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Conflict theory]

Better Essays
1069 words (3.1 pages)

Historical Interpretation Of International Conflict Essay

- 1. The Past in the Present: Historical Interpretation in International Conflict History is an important element of international studies and its purpose is to compile an accurate representation of the past. The subject of history is often broken into different categories, such as political and diplomatic, economic, labor, cultural and social, intellectual, and environmental history. The past can be discovered or recorded through written, oral, or visual means. While some aspects of history, such as an event and when it took place, may be “set in stone”, causation of an event is often debated between historians....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology, Geography]

Better Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Concepts Of Community Practice, Theory, And Research Essay

- concept analysis of community which he identified as the common theme. As a result, the meanings, antecedents, defining attributes, and empirical referents were not well delineated in this author’s opinion. A concept analysis could serve to clarify the concept of community in practice, theory, and research. Additionally, Palmer did not include a formal literature review. Philosophic and Paradigmatic Origins Palmer’s teaching philosophy was shaped by several philosophic and paradigmatic origins. Aristotelian and Socratic influence is seen in Palmer’s use of reflective practice and communicative questioning....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Human, Pedagogy]

Better Essays
1477 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research

- Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research ABSTRACT: This approach holds that the problem of humanity determines the history of culture. On the basis of theory developed by Max Scheler, I try to work out the main characteristics of cultural process, the typology of culture, and the periodization of culture. The humanities in Russia are in the midst of a methodological crisis now, and I hope that this approach will help us obtain a fuller understanding of culture. There's not a secret that Russian Humanities are in a methodological crisis now....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Essays]

Free Essays
1967 words (5.6 pages)

Major Themes in the Theory of Evolution Essay examples

- Major Themes in the Theory of Evolution The world around us changes. This simple fact is obvious everywhere we look. Streams wash dirt and stones from higher places to lower places. Untended gardens fill with weeds. Other changes are more gradual but much more dramatic when viewed over long time scales. Powerful telescopes reveal new stars coalescing from galactic dust, just as our sun did more than 4.5 billion years ago. The earth itself formed shortly thereafter, when rock, dust, and gas circling the sun condensed into the planets of our solar system....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2115 words (6 pages)

Howard Garner and His Theory of Multiple Intelligences Essay

- This essay is going to be introducing one of many developmental theorist, Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. We will be talking about his background. This essay will explain what his theory was about, and each of Gardner’s seven distinct intelligences. It will also be explaining his significance in changing the way we learn and perceive new ideas. Howard was born on July 11, 1943 in Scranton Pennsylvania. He is the Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education....   [tags: developmental theorist]

Better Essays
886 words (2.5 pages)

The Orgins Of Atomic Theory Essay

- The Orgins of Atomic Theory There is an eternal human compulsion to unlock the mysteries of our lives and our world. This search for knowledge has guided us to many beneficial new understandings. It has lead us into this new age where information is its own reward, an age where enlightenment is an end, not simply a means to an end. Enlightenment has been the aim of many great people. It has inspired many scientists and artists to construct articles of infinite beauty and value. At times this quest for understanding has been embraced by entire civilizations, and when an entire society commits to one noble cause only good can come from it....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1893 words (5.4 pages)