I will explain and describe with this paper the personality theories with a closer view on the „Trait Theory“. The big-five Theory is in my opinion really interesting and a great help for everyone to see what kind of personlity you have. How was this theory developed and can you use the Theory for different cultures? That are question I would like to research and write about. The Trait theory is one of the major theories. The theories are old and developed for a long time ago and that makes it interesting to know if there are any new theories. Which are developed in the last years. In my research I found Julius Kuhl and his Theory of Personality-System-Interaction. I will give a introduction to Kuhl´s theory.
To start with the subject “Personality“ we should know how the psychologist define it.
Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. (Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief (2000); Encyclopedia of Psychology: 8 Volume Set)
All humans are similar in many ways, but personality makes us to a unique individual. The history of the study of personality is long. For example Aristotle (284 - 322 BCE), Plato (427-347 BCE) and Machiavelli (1469-1527) explored and wrote about human personality in their works. People have always practicing personality psychology, even though sometimes without awareness. We try to analyze someones personality when we are looking for a partner. Is he/she compartible to the own personality? Or even when we apply for a new job and having the interview. The future employees analyse if the personality fits to the working team and position.
A lot of people developed different theories and measurements to explain why humans are different...
... middle of paper ...
We should always ask our self is the theory useful and is it helpful to treat disorders?
In my opinion the personality theories are really helpful to make a first impression and to know how you can treat someone. And Kuhl´s theory is a really good opertunity to analyze someone personality in all facettes. It helped even myself to know how my personality is in specific situations and how it would be better. I will try to improve my personality and behave in those situations I can´t handle.
I would like to end with a quote of Malcolm X a human rights activist:
“Why am I as I am? To understand that of any person, his whole life, from Birth must be reviewed. All of our experiences fuse into our personality. Everything that ever happened to us is an ingredient.”
(Malcolm X, (As Told to) Alex Haley; The Autobiography of Malcolm X, Random House Publishing Group (1987))
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