The Theory Of Personality Of Erik Erikson Essay

The Theory Of Personality Of Erik Erikson Essay

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Psychosocial stage of development
The theory of personality of Erik Erikson is among one of the most important theories used to explain how people develop their personality. Although a psychoanalyst, Erikson it not merely considered the psychosexual aspect as the mere factors that contributed to the development of individuals’ personality, but also took into account the psychosocial aspect. Erikson divided personality development in eight stages: basic trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role diffusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair, (Cervone & Pervin, 2013; Johnson & Ahmad, 2014; Maitland, 2011).

According to this theory, I have been greatly influenced by the stage four: industry vs. inferiority. This stage takes place during childhood (6 to 12 years); during this period the child seeks to settle crisis of industriousness versus inferiority. This paper takes aim explain how this stage (four) in particular has influenced the formation of my life, behaviors and relationships, and the positive and negative outcomes obtained due to events and elements that affected my life during that stage. It also assesses other Eriksodian’s stages on the influence on my personality development.

Current Eriksodian stage and influences
Most people who know me might say that I am a perfectionist, I like to give my best in everything I undertake, and reprove mediocrity. In matter of relationships, I have only few friends; I tend to be very selective in the circle in which I move, and I do not welcome all types of people into my world. According to Erik Erikson theory of personality, I have been significantly influenced by the stage four: industry vs...

... middle of paper ...

...onfusion and self-doubt on future endeavors, (Maitland, 2011).

The psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson is widely accepted in the field of psychology. Erikson helped expand the theory of Sigmund Freud and led it beyond integrating social aspects in the formation of individual behaviors and personality, (Cervone & Pervin, 2013; Johnson & Ahmad, 2014, Maitland, 2011). According to this theory stage four significantly impact my personality. Other steps also can be said to exert influence on it as well. Nevertheless, despite the apparent accuracy of the characteristics I have mentioned in this paper, I cannot say that all stages have exercised such influence. Erikson 's theory is not lack of criticism. Some researchers suggest reaching adult maturity may vary due to demographic region or culture, (Arnett, 2000). This might alter the perspective of the theory.

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