The Theory Of Moral Development Essay example

The Theory Of Moral Development Essay example

Length: 1608 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

There are many theories associated with developmental psychology, which studies the scientific process and cause of human development over the course of our lives. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotional, and cognitive processes (McLeod, S. A., 2012). Two theories of developmental psychology that I will be discussing will be the theory of moral development by Lawrence Kohlberg, and Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.
According to Kohlberg, individuals progress through a series of stages in the evolution of their sense of justice and in the kind of reasoning that they utilize to make moral judgments (Feldman, R., 2013, p. 426). His work modified and expanded from Jean Piaget’s previous work to form a theory of cognitive development that explained how pre-adolescent children develop moral reasoning (Cherry, K., 2014, October 12). Kohlberg’s theory of moral development focuses on children’s ability to distinguish right from wrong based on their perception. His theory claims that individuals progress through the levels morality in a fixed order and that they are unable to reach the highest level of moral reasoning until the age of 13 primarily due to limitations in cognitive development (Feldman, R., 2013, p. 427). Changes in moral reasoning can be understood best as a three-level sequence; pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional morality (McLeod, S.A., 2013).
The first level of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is the pre-conventional level consisting of two stages; one being the obedience and punishment stage, and the other being the individualism and exchange stage (Cherry, K., 2014, October 12). The obedience and punishment orientation...


... middle of paper ...


...itive development. The two year old was sucking, chewing, and shaking his toys, displaying the characteristics of the sensorimotor stage of cognitive development. He also expressed his lack of object permanence when I attempted to play with him by hiding one of his toys under a blanket in front of him; he made no attempt to look for his toy under the blanket as he assumed that his toy did not exist anymore.
The developmental branch of psychology has many theories that study human development over the course of our lives. The cognitive and moral theory by Kohlberg and Piaget gives us an understanding of how our judgment of morality and understanding of the world changes throughout our lives with age and experience. The cognitive theory consisted of four stages and the moral theory consisted of three however, not many people ever reach the final stages of development.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Theory Of Moral Development Essay

- As Henry Kravis once said, “If you don’t have integrity, you have nothing. You can’t buy it. You can have all the money in the world, but if you are not a moral and ethical person, you really have nothing. As can be seen by this particular quote, morality is a crucial part of developmental maturity. Throughout human history, communities have been concerned with the type of person that children become. The concept of moral development, specifically in children and adolescents, has been an addressed topic over the last century for the central reason that children impact the future....   [tags: Morality, Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
1130 words (3.2 pages)

The Theory Of Moral Development Essay

- Morals are a major part of who we believe we are. From the moment we are born we are interpreting the world and developing our ideas about what we see. As we become toddlers we experience our first interactions with moral decision and what it means for us. From this moment our moral development does not stop changing and advancing. I have been able to see moral development in my cousin Alex go through moral development. I have been babysitting him since he was two. He is a little eight-year-old boy with a mom, dad, and baby sister....   [tags: Morality, Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

The Kohlberg Moral Development Theory Essay

- Opinion 1: Theresa Theresa based her opinion on the fact that the druggist will be charged with an unfair amount of money for a cheap drug and will not budge on the price. She feels the importance of getting the drug for Heinz’s wife outweighs what’s right or wrong. Theresa is the type of person that views the moral importance of a situation and makes the adjustments for personal gain. Based on the Kohlberg Moral Development theory, we can assume that Theresa falls under the post conventional level of development, which means her age ranges from 13 years and up (Dacey, 2009, p....   [tags: Kohlberg's stages of moral development, Morality]

Better Essays
731 words (2.1 pages)

The Theory Of Moral Development Essay example

- There are many theories associated with developmental psychology, which studies the scientific process and cause of human development over the course of our lives. Developmental psychologists study a wide range of theoretical areas, such as biological, social, emotional, and cognitive processes (McLeod, S. A., 2012). Two theories of developmental psychology that I will be discussing will be the theory of moral development by Lawrence Kohlberg, and Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. According to Kohlberg, individuals progress through a series of stages in the evolution of their sense of justice and in the kind of reasoning that they utilize to make moral judgments (Feldman, R., 20...   [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]

Better Essays
1608 words (4.6 pages)

The Moral Development Theory Of Lawrence Kohlberg Essay

- Moral development “focuses on the emergence, change, and understanding of morality from infancy through adulthood. In the field of moral development, morality is defined as principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others ' welfare, and rights.” (Citation) Essential to the success of every society is moral development. Lawrence Kohlberg cultivated and advanced the framework of Piaget’s life’s work in the area of moral development. He theorized that we formulate ways of thinking through our experiences....   [tags: Morality, Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
709 words (2 pages)

Kohlberg 's Theory Of Moral Development Essay

- Even though parenting styles has a vast impact on the outcome a child and their morals, moral development, like cognitive development, is believed to take place with little intervention as long as exposed to society and its beliefs. Lawrence Kohlberg was one to propose that moral development depended on Piagetian stages of cognitive development (Srivastava et al., 2013). Kohlberg described three major levels of moral development that were each further subdivided into two stages making it six stages in total....   [tags: Morality, Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
1398 words (4 pages)

Essay on Analysis Of Carol Gilligan 's Theory Of Moral Development

- Carol Gilligan is one of the first to address gender differences in psychology. She argued that the sexes think differently, notably when dealing with moral problems.Her most popular addition to modern psychology was her rework of Lawrence Kohlberg 's theory of moral development. Gilligan challenged that differences were based on social influences and gender attitude, this often disesteemed women 's way of thinking. With her theories of female moral development and decision-making, she focused on studies in both children and college students....   [tags: Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
759 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development

- Lawrence Kohlberg began his collegiate career at the University of Chicago, in Chicago, Illinois. He was indeed a very brilliant man and a true scholar. He was so smart in fact, that he placed extremely high on the University’s entrance exam. This resulted in him only having to take a few classes towards graduation. In just one year’s time, he was able to receive his bachelor’s degree from the University of Chicago. After graduation, he began working on his graduate coursework, thinking he would be a clinical psychologist....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
1581 words (4.5 pages)

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development Essay

- ... At this stage children recognize that there is not one right view that is handed down by the authorities. Different individuals have different viewpoints(McLeod). Children account for individual points of view and act based on how it may serve individual needs. The main priority is typically to serve ones interest. Stage two reasoning shows little interest in other peoples opinions or needs. While a child or adult is in this stage, the phrase "You scratch my back, and I'll scratch yours" typically comes into play....   [tags: psychological analysis]

Better Essays
788 words (2.3 pages)

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development Essay

- Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development This web page is about Lawrence Kohlberg and his Theory of Moral Development. It gives the definition of morality, a biography of Kohlberg, the levels of Kohlberg's theory, and the pro's and con's to his theory. Lawrence Kohlberg spent years researching how an individual develops their own moral codes. He studied the differences in children's reasoning about moral dilemmas. He also helped to clarify the general cognitive-development view of age-related changes....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
350 words (1 pages)