The Theory Of Justice By John Rawls Essay

The Theory Of Justice By John Rawls Essay

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Justice, a concept that has been argued since the beginning of history, but what is justice. This idea has changed throughout time, whether that be an eye for an eye, leave no debt unpaid, or modern times, in which sentences are handed out in response to how horrific the crime was. Justice has forever been changing, and has taken many definitions, but John Rawls came to know it as this idea of fairness. This idea of fairness is center around an idea of cooperation and through this cooperation, which he further explains as, “Indeed a central element of the terms of cooperation is what Rawls terms “reciprocity”, involving evaluations of benefits and respect to publicly affirmed benchmark of “equality” (Bradford 614). Thus, the debate of whether or not Rawls is able to connect this idea of fairness to the dominant neoclassical economic school, or are the two social visions incompatible. I agree with Bradford’s idea that these theories are incompatible and neoclassical does not side with fairness. However, I believe my school, the institutional school, does compare well to this idea of fairness and that our understanding of the market being a social institution and the government able to regulate this too assure fairness, makes us compatible to Rawlsian justice.
First, lets examine why Rawlsian justice does not work with neoclassical economics. A key idea in Rawlsian justice is fairness, in this social vision it is important that everyone throughout society benefits from the share cooperation not just a few. Several ideas that touched on this were presented throughout the article one being the orchestra in which it takes all the individuals working together with their instruments to, “achieve the mutually desired goal of playing a p...


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...lassical school there is a survival problem, where as in Rawls’s theory of justice and institutionalism the idea of making the market fair assures that this problem does not present itself.
In conclusion, it appears that Bradford was correct in his statement that the neoclassical school, which is considered to be the dominant school, and thus used by outside practices like philosophy. Does not support the same social views as Rawls’ theory of justice and as such are not compatible. However, he could have gone farther and as I did identified that the institutional school does in fact support this understanding of a need for fairness in the world, and by such standards promotes the same social views. In the end I would say that Rawlsian Justice’s social views are more closely tied to the institutional school of thought, than they are to neoclassical school of thought.

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