The Greek’s use of human reason provides a better understanding to know thyself because it focuses on the use of an individual’s own capabilities to evaluate characteristics rather than using an outside source. (why virtue) In order to attain virtues, an individual must learn to identify where they fall on the spectrum of a certain characteristic and then “avoid excess and defect, but seek the intermediate,” (30 Nicomachean Ethics). The process required in order to find the mean is a crucial part for an individual to come to know thyself. As an individual identifies whether they are naturally inclined to either an excess or deficiency of a characteristic, they better understand who they are as a person. Furthermore, as an individuals begin to adjust their behavior in search of the intermediate, they obtain a more in depth perception of themselves because they learn how to adjust and adapt the way they act. This personal deliberation encourages individuals to attain better understandings of their own characteristics, allowing them to truly get to know themselves. In comparison, the Judeo-Christian think...
... middle of paper ...
...ty to find the mean of characteristics, act out of habit, and come to know the truths of life. An individual who uses human reason learns to develop the ability to understand his characteristics and apply that understanding for future use, unlike someone who is enlightened from the outside. Human inquiry necessitates that individuals act out of habituation, to better understand their own actions and create a consistency they can rely on; this consistency is lacking in the practice of Faith. Both Faith and human inquiry can result in the discovery of truths, yet human inquiry provides a method that is significantly more sustainable throughout an individual’s lifetime. Although Faith can provide individuals with many benefits, it fails to bring the best understanding of the call to know thyself, as the Greek practice of human inquiry is much more efficient and reliable.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A Community of Inquiry, a social gathering of where participants put forth their views and questions are debated, fosters critical reasoning and the ability to express oneself. With regards to human nature, a complex notion that has been described extensively by different philosophies and religions, a CI can be the remedy to a theories diagnosis; yet can also counteract the remedy put forth by the theory. Each human has his or her own theory as to our nature, some classing while others align. Therefore, this essay will explore the merits and pitfalls to engaging in a CI with two distinct theories of human nature being debated.... [tags: Psychology, Thought, Reason, Logic]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- Popper claims basic statements are not justified by experience, but accepted by choice or convention. This claim is argued through a rejection of ‘psychologism’ and inductivism. According to Popper, scientific theory can be seen the fog above a swamp full of basic statements; the acceptance of a theory comes from an evaluation of basic statements and the conscious decision to accept or reject the theory. Popper comes to this conclusion after considering the problem of psychologism, distinguishing science from non-science, examining the falsification of theories and their testability, and then comparing perceptual experience and basic statements to illustrate how we come to form and accept sc... [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Science, Falsifiability]
1378 words (3.9 pages)
- Freud and Thomas Hobbes disagree with Plato and Aristotle regarding the role of reason in human behavior, and all four of these disagree with Jean-Paul Sartre on the same question. Describe. Freud, Hobbes, Aristotle, Plato, and Sartre was all well-known philosophers which each one had their own theory on human behavior. The two philosophers Freud and Thomas Hobbes disagreed with Plato and Aristotle concerning their explanations about the behavior of humans. Freud theory is human behavior was out right egotistical and belligerent but on the other hand Hobbes theory point out that humans is merely like a natural device which is motivated by self desires.... [tags: Philosophy ]
1568 words (4.5 pages)
- Introduction “Every aspect of our daily lives is affected by our communication with others, as well as by messages from people we don’t even know – people near and far, living and dead.” (Littlejohn, 3) From this statement it is clear how important human communication is and how fundamental an experience it is to being human. Indeed, communication is central to human life. (Littlejohn, 3) The purpose of this paper will therefore be to take a macro view of terms like “Human”, “Communication”, and “Theory”.... [tags: Human, Thought, Definition, Science]
877 words (2.5 pages)
- Piaget believed that human thinking is always changing, and human cognitive development is influenced by “…biological maturation, activity, social experiences, and equilibration”. Also, as humans, we tend to want organization and adaptation. According to Piaget, humans need to arrange information and personal experiences in to the mental process, and humans will adjust their thoughts into different “schemes” which is understand something one way then adding to make it correct or change the idea to fit the thought.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
784 words (2.2 pages)
- Many social interactions we encounter on a daily basis that involve personal decisions simultaneously involve decisions made by others that affect the overall outcome. Any situation in which the outcome is dependent on the choices of two or more people is what defines an interactive decision. Game theory studies the human behavior involved in these strategic settings, which surround the interactive decisions. In order to label a social interaction a game there needs to be two or more decision making agents, called players, each with two or more options to act upon, called strategies, and a clear understanding of what each player’s preferential outcome is that are associated with numerical pa... [tags: Game theory, Nash equilibrium, Prisoner's dilemma]
1215 words (3.5 pages)
- “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory.... [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]
1323 words (3.8 pages)
- Attachment theory: The first theory that will be explored and further critiqued is Attachment theory a basic explanation of this theory is “Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”(McLeod, 2009) The attachment between one person to another does not have to be reciprocal, this is because it is characterized by the specific behaviours in children alone, for example crying when they are hungry or upset when feeling threatened. The theory of attachment originated from the work of John Bowlby a psychoanalyst who “believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood (McLeod, 2007) he suggeste... [tags: Psychology, Attachment theory, Family, Behavior]
960 words (2.7 pages)
- The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) is a model of persuasion and is also known as a theory of understanding. Theory of Reasoned Action was founded by Martin Fishbein and Icek Ajzen in the year 1967. They first came upon Theory of Reasoned Action by studying previous research as the theory of attitude. This theory was aimed to explain the reason behind planned behavior due to previous experiences. In addition to the variable of perceived behavioral control, it can provided a better understanding in the failure to perform a behavior even if that behavior is a positive subjective norm.... [tags: Theory of planned behavior, Human behavior]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- James Rachels expresses his thoughts on what a satisfactory moral theory would be like. Rachels says a “satisfactory theory would be realistic about where human beings fit in the grand scheme of things” (Rachels, 173). Even though there is an existing theory on how humans came into this world there is not enough evidence to prove the theory to be correct. In addition to his belief of knowing how our existence came into play, he also has a view on the way we treat people and the consequences of our actions.... [tags: Human, Thought, Theory, According to Jim]
919 words (2.6 pages)