The Theory Of Cognitive Dissonance Essays

The Theory Of Cognitive Dissonance Essays

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Introduction
Social Psychologists have discovered that most people believe that they are well behaved, more competent, above average, and better at things than others. But if this is to be true, what happens when we behave in ways that are inconsistent with the conception of ourselves? This is called the theory of cognitive dissonance. According to the textbook cognitive dissonance is “the discomfort that people feel when two cognitions (beliefs, attitudes) conflict, or when they behave in ways that are inconsistent with their conception of themselves (Aronson, Wilson, Akert, Sommers, 2013, pg.158). The theory of cognitive dissonance is vitally important in social psychology because it is centered on how people try to become internally consistent with what they believe and behaviors. On a daily bases people are constantly operating in concepts of dissonance, such as self-affirmation, post decisions, and hypocrisy induction. There are several other concepts, but particularly these three have been related to me at one point in my life. Self-Affirmation is important because it is a way of reducing dissonance by reminding oneself of one or more of one’s positive attributes (Aronson, Wilson, Akert, Sommers, 2013, pg.160). Self-affirmation primarily focuses on one or more of a person’s good qualities. Post decision is an important concept of the theory of cognitive dissonance, which is basically when a person will unconsciously try to reduce the dissonance to feel better about a decision he or she has made. Post decision dissonance is “dissonance aroused after making a decision, typically reduced by enhancing the attractiveness of the chosen alternative and devaluating the rejected alternatives (Aronson, Wilson, Akert, Sommers, 2013, pg...


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...s that are inconsistent with their conception of themselves. During the two articles there were major results, which concluded in exemplifying the theory of cognitive dissonance. In article one researchers examined the effect of the act of voting on subsequent party preferences, which lead to the determining factor that cognitive dissonance is one of the mechanisms behind the effect of act of voting, since tactical voting creates attitudinal change. And, article two exemplified cognitive dissonance through an aversive state by using three conditions, such as free-choice, no-choice, and force-choice to examine core assumptions of cognitive dissonance theory in the context of physical exercise and teenagers. From a biblical worldview standpoint, the theory of cognitive dissonance results in a carnal mind, which is double-minded and is ultimately an enmity against God.

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