The Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

The Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

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Whenever the bell rings in any school in any nation you are guaranteed to see students and teachers file into the hallway. This automatic response comes from something that has been around for a long time called classical conditioning. Classical conditioning was discovered and researched by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. His famous experiment with his dog is known to nearly everyone who has had a middle school or higher education. He fed his dog in a pattern, every time he fed his dog he rang a bell. Eventually the dog associated the bell with food and would begin to salivate just on hearing the bell. Thetis the original experiment proving classical conditioning. What is conditioned stimulus? A neutral stimulus that, after repeated pairings with an unconditioned stimulus, becomes associated with it and elicits a conditioned response. (World of Psychologypg167)In English it is something that is used to train someone or something through repetition. Pavlov made use of this in his experiment to show classical conditioning. Whereas an unconditioned stimulus is something that is unlearned but is just responded to out of instinct. Pavlov’s dog, for example had one unconditioned stimulus and one conditioned stimulus. Both the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli were to an unconditioned response, the dog salivating. The unconditioned stimulus was the dog food that started the dog salivating. The conditioned stimulus or new stimulus was the bell being rung every time the dog was fed. After a while the unconditioned stimulus wasn’t even needed, because the dog was now conditioned to respond to the bell and salivate whenever he heard the bell. Things like this happened all the time, for example; when I put on running shoes and runnin...


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...s such as someone who was attacked by a dog when he or she was young and therefore grew up hating and fearing all dogs. On the other side of generalization there must be discrimination. Pavlov decided he didn’t want his dogs to salivate to any other tones but C. This was not very hard all that was need was to cause extinction in any other type of tone. The C tone was reinforced by continuously giving food after the tone was rung. On the other hand whenever any other tone was sounded it was not reinforced by food. Thus the dog became more conditioned to C and the conditioned responses for the other tones became extinct. Classical conditioning has and will continue to be around forever. It is part of human nature and many people take advantage of it daily. It can be used to dispel fears or as training for a job, it doesn 't matter what it is for it will just be there.

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The Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

- Whenever the bell rings in any school in any nation you are guaranteed to see students and teachers file into the hallway. This automatic response comes from something that has been around for a long time called classical conditioning. Classical conditioning was discovered and researched by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. His famous experiment with his dog is known to nearly everyone who has had a middle school or higher education. He fed his dog in a pattern, every time he fed his dog he rang a bell....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism]

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