The first theory that will be explored and further critiqued is Attachment theory a basic explanation of this theory is “Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”(McLeod, 2009) The attachment between one person to another does not have to be reciprocal, this is because it is characterized by the specific behaviours in children alone, for example crying when they are hungry or upset when feeling threatened. The theory of attachment originated from the work of John Bowlby a psychoanalyst who “believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood (McLeod, 2007) he suggested that children were biologically born to form attachments with others such as a mother or parent as a coping mechanism to help them survive. According to both professors of psychology Cassidy and Shaver (1999) from birth any disruptions between mother-child relationships can be pre-cursors of later psychopathology; this is because they believed that a relationship with the mother is important for later functioning as it is of critical immediate importance to the child.
A criticism of attachment theory is through the development of Nature Versus Nurture and the assumption that
“Nature gives parents a baby: the end result depends on how they nurture it. Good nurturing can make up for many of nature 's mistakes: lack of nurturing can trash nature 's best effort" (Harris, 1998).
This statement in psychology is a common belief but can also be seen as a nurture assumption. Harris (1998) shows that what children learn in the home may be irrelevant in the outside world. The example given was of identical twins, if separated at birth and brought up...
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...d by leading feminist therapists stating that Bowen has “paid rather too much attention to the mother 's contribution to symptom development in the child”(Brown, N/A). This is where he fails to contextualize maternal behaviour and instead makes assumptions about male/female roles in the family structure, which leaves women with their socially prescribed roles.
This Theory relates to all children from the case vignettes, each child has their own individual problems with interacting within the community, which does not include Okot, as he is still only a 2-year-old child. When any of the children are out in society they may feel as though they are different to others around them as they are not of Australian decent, but once they are home within there family they may feel a significant difference as they have like mind people around them that understand their culture.
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