the separation of things that naturally belong together, or to put antagonism between things that are properly in harmony. In the concept's most important use, it refers to the social alienation of people from aspects of their "human nature" (Gattungswesen, usually translated as 'species-essence' or 'species-being'). He believed that alienation is a systematic result of capitalism.
This definition of alienation is founded upon his observation of the labor process. Karl Marx believes workers are alienated in the labor process as they have no control over their lives and destinies by being deprived of control over their actions. Workers never become independent, because they are told what to do by their employer.
Alienation is broadly defined by Encyclopedia Britannica as :
The state of feeling estranged or separated from one’s milieu, work, products of work, or self. Despite its popularity in the analysis of contemporary life, the idea of alienation remains an ambiguous concept with elusive meanings, the following variants being most common: (1) powerlessness, the feeling that one’s destiny is not under one’s own control but is determined by external agents, fate, luck, or institutional arrangements, (2) meaninglessness, referring either to the lack of comprehensibility or consis...
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