To start, control theory has four different aspects that explain the bond to society. The basis for this theory is that deviant behavior happens when bonds become weaker between society and the individual. There are four different elements that compose this theory. The first element is attachment. This element has to do with attachment one has with society. The more attached one is to society, the more likely norms will become internalized within them. This will result in less delinquent acts happening within the society. The second element of this theory is commitment. This is referring to the commitment one has to the society. Individuals obey the rules or norms of the society in order to avoid the punishment of committing delinquent acts. The third element of control theory is involvement. If someone is consuming themselves with activities to do in the community, then they will simply not have the time to commit delinquent acts. The last element of control theory is belief. This is the values or beliefs that the society holds. In this element, either the belief system is completely ignored or it is even rationalized in order to justify breaking the values. This results in beliefs becoming weakened while delinquent acts increase.
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...ining this question. That being said, I feel that differential association theory best explains deviant behavior. This article is a prime example of how learned behaviors from others contribute to the use and continued use of marijuana happens. This theory can also be applied to other deviant behaviors too. We as human beings do not just become deviant but rather learn them from others around us. This theory better explains deviant behaviors because the other theory asserts that it has to with our own individual bonds with society. I feel that it has nothing to do with bonds but rather who we learn and associate with in society. If we associate with those who are deviant then we are more likely to become deviant in society. Both theories can be used to explain deviant behaviors but I feel that differential association theory better explains this phenomenon.
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How do Differential Association Theories best Demonstrate that Criminal Behaviour is a ‘Learned Behaviour’
- Differential association theory was Sutherland’s major sociological contribution to criminology, similar in importance to strain theory and social control theory. These theories all explain deviance in terms of the individual’s social relationship. Sutherland’s theory make tracks from the pathological perspective and biological perspective by features the cause of crime to the social context of individuals. “He rejected biological determinism and the extreme individualism of psychiatry, as well as economic explanation of crime.... [tags: crimes,differential association,social learning]
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- “Animal Kingdom” is a movie about the criminal story of a 17 years old boy call Josh. His mother was died due to heroin overdose, he had no choice but to live with his grandma and the three uncles. The story is about how Josh was influenced by this crime family and to step in an uncontrollable situation. In the movie “Animal Kingdom”, the main character Josh has committed in crime, for example he stole a car, provided false declaration, and shoot dead. The differential association theory and self-control theory will be used to explain Josh criminal behaviors.... [tags: Criminology, Crime, Police, Sociology]
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- Differential Reinforcement is defined to occur when behavior is reinforced by being either rewarded or punished while interacting with others (Siegel, 2003). With this said, the theory was developed as a way of labeling both positive, as well as negative aspects of individual action. This idea of reinforcement is a branch of the infamous Differential Association theory presented by Edwin H. Sutherland in 1939. Another commonly used term for this theory of reinforcement is called differential conditioning (Siegel, 2003).... [tags: essays research papers]
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