Essay about The Theory And Decision Making Theory

Essay about The Theory And Decision Making Theory

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A theory is a tentative way of explaining something. “It consists of a set of assumptions, concepts, relationships, and logic that are combined to explain a phenomenon of interest (Johnson & Kruse, 2009).” “Theories come from science and research. The purpose of theory/theorizing is to understand and control the world in which we live by describing and explaining it. Education is saturated with theory (Johnson, 2015). Theory can be both normative and descriptive. The normative explains the “ought” while the descriptive explains the “is”. Each practitioner’s goal is to marry the two as closely as possible (Johnson, 2015).
A theory represents an idea that is research based with the premise of helping society by better understanding some happening. These are created by imperfect humans and must be critically evaluated. Theory represents new information that if used correctly can lead to positive change in an organization. In the case of leadership and decision making theory many have evolved. They represent a variety of ways leaders can make decisions and lead organizations.
“Decisions faced by educational leaders do not always present themselves as neatly-packaged, well-defined problems conducive to clean and tidy resolution through predetermined decision protocol (Johnson & Kruse, 2009). It is for this reason that many theories for decision making exist. Since administrators lack omniscience, they must rely on different models at different times depending on the context. It would be absurd to subscribe to only one method and limit one’s self to the benefits and freedom of the others. I have noticed in my own professional career that the satisficing model does seem the most common.
Of course, selecting the model f...


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...rs as sounding boards and realize that we are limited by our cognitive perspective and are have limited capacity information processors (Fong, 2002).
The strategic thinker must use ‘environmental scanning’ techniques to be aware of factors critical to decisions (Johnson & Kruse, 2010). Once upon a time one could lead with personal and will. Today one leads with those traits but also the understanding of the complexities and dynamics of the organization and how to get subordinates and those outside to work toward a shared goal (Guthrie & Schuermann, 2010). This is how one reads the decision and chooses their decision making model. In my own experience this skill is what allows school leaders to have long and successful careers. If all else fails remember that stuff happens and as long they are legal and ethical, simply forget them and move on (Patten, 2004).


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