The main concepts of cognitive theory focuses on the developmental process of thinking and how this process affects our actions, attitudes, beliefs and assumptions through a life span. Jean Piaget, Swiss biologist and proponent of cognitive theory, developed a general thesis of cognitive theory; he divided the developmental process of thinking into four stages. He said “the way people think changes with age as their brains mature and their experiences challenge their past assumptions” (Berger, 8th edition, 2009)” . In my opinion, we use and apply the main concepts of the cognitive theory in everyday life, such as family relationships, friendships, partnerships, and work relationships. I personally believe, I would never succeed as a person, partner, student, or later as a social worker without the main concepts of cognitive theory. I want to share an example of cognitive theory from my own personal experiences, and subsequently how my experiences challenged my past assumptions. As a kid, I met very few children in special needs. I never understood them and they never wanted to play with me, or my friends. Because of these experiences I assumed, and believed that kids in special needs were stupid, useless and a waste of time. After I graduated High School, I really started to think about the next steps in my life. I did not know what I wanted to do, and I did not have the required education to start a new job. Therefore, I enrolled in a college with a major in Social studies. During my studies, I met many adults and kids in special needs. They were different and “special” but they were definitely no...
... middle of paper ...
...sychoanalytic theory is also very important because it partly focuses on the past experiences, especially childhood experiences that usually form adult personality and behavior. I just disagree with Freud’s belief that human behavior was motivated by unconscious conflicts that were almost always sexual or aggressive in nature. Sociocultural theory focuses on culture and social factors that influence human development, but it is very limited because it ignores the rest of the factors that form and affect our development through the lifespan. Epigenetic theory focuses on genes and genetic predisposition, which is very important because genes always affect our development, but is limited because it ignores nurture issues. I would personally choose and use concepts of all five of these theories to examine a problem and consequently find a solution to solve a problem.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... For instance, a child who is at the sensorimotor stage cannot learn tasks that involve symbolic thinking, nor will a child who is in the concrete operational stage be able to think abstract logical thoughts. Behaviorists also believe that individual differences reflect differences in past experiences, for example, all children go through different child rearing practices and the experiences are different for each child. Finally, development results from the organization of existing behaviors, that is, complex behaviors are built on top of basic reflexes.... [tags: Behaviorism, Operant conditioning, Behavior]
1308 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Social learning theory is when a child models prosocial behaviors and is rewarded for the behavior when the child does them. Children are known in this theory to model adults who practice what they preach, with this example it best describes the problem with Stephanie’s behavior in school. The behavior Stephanie is protruding is cheating and taking things from others. The only reason she is doing this is because she is looking up to one of her role models, her mother, who she has caught stealing make up from different stores when they are shopping.... [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Behavior, Theory]
754 words (2.2 pages)
- Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral and Reality Theories Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is a learning approach in psychology that attempts to explain the behavior of humans by studying thoughts and reasoning process. The cognitive theory is founded on many other factors like cognitive reasoning and social cognitive theory. Aaron Beck founded the theory and it is meant to understand the human behavior by observing the processes triggered by reasoning and individual thoughts. The cognitive theory is a research based theory because it tends to investigate human behavior through making observations and thought analysis.... [tags: Psychology]
1300 words (3.7 pages)
- The four major Schools in psychology are Behaviourism, cognitive, psychoanalytic and biological. Many different psychologists have different assumptions and ideas about the way in which psychology developed. And the main theories of each school of psychology, will be developed further in this essay. Behaviourism was firstly introduced by John B Watson and started around 1913. It is the idea that all behaviours are learnt, and humans are subject to stimulus and response. It also suggests that humans do not possess any freewill.... [tags: behaviorism, cognitive, freud, psychoanalysis]
1076 words (3.1 pages)
- ... Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning are approaches central to the Social Behavioral Perspective and the main concepts that focused on behavior modification (“Personality Synopsis,” n.d.). Ivan Pavlov is Russia’s most famous scientist and the founder of “conditioning” (Bustamante, Howe-Tennant, & Ramo, 1996). He discovered Classical Conditioning while researching digestion patters in dogs (“Classical and Operant Conditioning in Personality Synopsis”, n.d.). Classical conditioning is sometimes called respondent conditioning (Hutchison, 2011).... [tags: Behaviorism, Classical conditioning]
1990 words (5.7 pages)
- ... Ultimately, nature and nurture intertwine to shape the lives of children. Nature may predispose children to certain behaviors if placed in specific environments, however the timing of the environmental exposure and the child’s natural tendencies also play a role. Theorists have also discussed the extent to which development is universal and how much of it is unique to individuals. There are consistencies that have been noted universally yet; theorists have observed variations in their competency in different tasks and way of life that may be contributed to genetics or the environment.... [tags: Psychology, Childhood, Developmental psychology]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- 1 What are the major theories of human development. How does each one of the theories apply to your life and personal experiences. Provide examples. There are six different major theories of human development. Psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, ethological and evolutionary, sociocultural and ecological perspective. The first theory we look at is psychodynamic theory, developed by Sigmund Freud. His theory consisted of five stages focused on a particular biological functions. Erick Erickson, a student of Freud’s elaborated on his theory adding three more states, giving it a total of eight psychosexual states.... [tags: Psychology, Developmental psychology, Learning]
2094 words (6 pages)
- the turn of the twentieth century, the field of Psychology found itself in a war between two contending theoretical perspectives: Gestalt psychology versus Behaviorism. With its roots within the United States, behaviorists in America were developing a theory that believed psychology should not be concerned with the mind or with human consciousness. Instead, behavior and the actions of humans would be the foremost concern of psychologists. Across the Atlantic, Gestalt psychology emerged by placing its criticism upon the methodology of introspection, especially by ways of disparaging behaviorism.... [tags: essays research papers]
1394 words (4 pages)
- ... Ego functions on the reality principle. e.g. while the id demands thirst, the ego will work out a realistic way on how to get water). Lastly, the superego (develops around the age of 4-6. Consists of 2 parts such as the ego ideal, which depicts the personal view of the individual on what is correct, based on his/her current environment. Superego seeks for recognition from others e.g. parents. Another part is, the conscience. This recognises what is bad and punishes the ego through guilt) McLeod, S.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychology, Behavior, Behaviorism]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- The Behaviorist and Cognitive Approaches to Psychology In this essay I am going to explore two of the major approaches to Psychology, Cognitive theories and Behaviorist theories. I will discuss in some detail the two approaches, state how they compare and illustrate the similarities and the differences between them. John Watson, one of the founders of Behaviorism, based his theories on the principles of learning outlined by Pavlov who suggested the theory known as Classical Conditioning; he trained dogs to salivate whenever he rang a bell.... [tags: Papers Psychology]
1176 words (3.4 pages)