The Theories Of Crime And Crime Essay

The Theories Of Crime And Crime Essay

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In this research paper I will summarize three important theories of criminality. In criminology, examining why people commit crime is very important, but there is always a debate in how crime should be handled and prevented. The biological theory, focusses on the study of social behavior and structures. The sociological theory, evaluates crime as a social problem, and not as an individual problem. And psychological theory suggest that behavior of crime is the result of individual’s differences in thinking process. These three theories can help criminality to try find out why people commit crime or what leads people to commit crime. It is important to study criminality theories because that way authorities can have a better understanding of what leads people to commit crime. Even though many theories have developed over the years, they continue to be studied individually and in combination. As reviewing biological, sociological, and psychological theories, criminologist search for the best solution in reducing types and levels of crime.
The biological theory about the causes of crime focusses on the study of social behavior, systems, and structures. Meaning the physical body, inherited genes, evolutionary factors, brain structures, and the role of hormones. Biological theory has influenced individual’s participation in criminal behavior. “The challenge for biological theories of crime is to adequately represent the complex interplay between inherited characteristics and environment”. (Boyd, 2003). Certain biological factors for example particular genes, low serotonin activity, neurological deficits, and environmental pollutants can affects an individual’s biological tendency for criminal antisocial behavior. Biological theory of c...


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...redictable studies. Personality differences that are reflected unimportant in the cultural approach to crime are considered relevant in most presumptions. For instance, a delinquent is a failure of personal and social control. Meaning the family and the local community made the delinquent to act and behave that way.
Overall, theories of criminality allows criminologist to observe carefully why people commit crime. Criminal behavior is not just a reaction to environmental pressure. A criminal would mostly commit crime when there is an opportunity or a chance. Criminality can be seen as the values that people have and how they influence their decisions. There is always going to be a reason why people commit crime therefore by studying biological, sociological, and psychological theories authorities will have a better understanding on what leads people to commit crime.

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