Essay about The Theories Of Child Development

Essay about The Theories Of Child Development

Length: 5223 words (14.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Theories of Child Development
Raised in different cultures all over Europe and the United States, four theorists have become world renowned for their theories of child development. As we review and learn their methods, the hope is to be able to apply them to everyday life by recognizing and utilizing them in the classroom setting.
Kohlberg, Erickson, Piaget, and Freud
Freud, Piaget, Erickson, and Kohlberg; what do they all have in common? The common factor is their fantastic ideas about child development. While each theorists is from a different culture, their theories have crossed borders and helped many cultures to learn about child development.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud lived in the late 1800 's in Austria, and per, he was a neurologist that is known for being the founder of psychoanalysis. He became known for many different theories, including one on child sexual development (Editors, 2016). Freud 's theory of child development is a 6-stage approach that starts at birth and continues into adulthood (Salkind, 2006).
Freud?s Stages. In the Encyclopedia of Human Development, we see an explanation of Freud 's stages. The oral stage begins at birth and continues into the middle of the child?s second year. It is said that Freud thought there were two sub-phase to this stage, one that includes sucking and the other that includes biting (Salkind, 2006). Experiencing this oral stimulation helps to arouse the infant 's sensory input through sucking and tasting. It is believed that this stage also encourages a bond with a caregiver because the baby relies on the caregiver to fulfill their needs (Cherry, 2016).
Salkind (2006) goes on to explain Freud 's second stage, the anal stage. The children begin to have an infa...

... middle of paper ...

...job. I am focusing on the gain and she gets to feel good about her accomplishment.
One of Jean Piaget?s ideas is learning in the outdoors (Mooney, 2013). I hope to be able to use this as much as possible. ?The natural world provides young children with just as many opportunities to learn and grow across all developmental domains as the indoor classroom? (Mooney, 2013, p. 91). I want to be able to take walks with my children and can show them a spider web and then go inside the classroom and learn how it is made. I believe the more children explore their surroundings, the more connected they will be with it.
Teaching is all about children and how to develop their minds in an encouraging and supportive atmosphere. I will be able to do this by focusing on their differences, their strengths, and by understanding that each child develops at their own pace.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Comparing Theories Of Child Development Essays

- Compare and contrast two theories of child development Moral development Moral development is the understanding of what 's right and what 's wrong . This is what is needed in life to make the right decisions in life the moral development is based on child 's experiences and environment . The theorist that I have chosen is Piaget and Kohlberg theory’s . Jean Piaget was the first psychologist to suggest a theory of moral development .He believed that there was three stages the children go through to make moral development....   [tags: Kohlberg's stages of moral development]

Better Essays
2009 words (5.7 pages)

Essay about The Theories Of Child Development

- The Theories of Child Development Raised in different cultures all over Europe and the United States, four theorists have become world renowned for their theories of child development. As we review and learn their methods, the hope is to be able to apply them to everyday life by recognizing and utilizing them in the classroom setting. Kohlberg, Erickson, Piaget, and Freud Freud, Piaget, Erickson, and Kohlberg; what do they all have in common. The common factor is their fantastic ideas about child development....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget]

Better Essays
5223 words (14.9 pages)

The Theories Of Child Development Essay

- Content Knowledge 1. The student will understand the major theories of child development and how they apply. One activity that we did in class that met this standard was the Developmental Study Partner Activities. We had to do the activity listed and then we had to determine which theorist our idea matched. 2. The student will develop a knowledge base of normal and exceptional development of the physical, cognitive, emotional, and social domains of young children. This objective was mastered through the multiple classroom discussions that were based on the development of a child....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Observation, Pregnancy]

Better Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

An Analytical Review Of Two Child Development Theories Essay

- An analytical review of two child development theories, comparing their contribution to play therapy For this assignment I have chosen Jean Piaget’s cognitive development theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland. His father modelled an ardent commitment to his studies, a characteristic that Piaget followed from an early age. Piaget was known to have described his mother as being inclined to regular neurotic outbursts. Eric Erikson (1902-1994) was born in Frankfurt, Germany....   [tags: Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
1843 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on The Theories That Have Impacted The Child Development Field

- After studying a plethora of child development theorist throughout my time here at Brigham Young University–Idaho, there are four that have influenced me the most. They are Maria Montessori, Lev Vygotsky, Friedrich Froebel, and Rudolf Steiner. All of these philosophers have created many significant theories that have impacted the Child Development field. I know that I will be able to use these methods as I graduate and continue on with my education and teaching children. Maria Montessori has many key points and theories that I will use working with children in the future....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Play, Lev Vygotsky]

Better Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)

Cognitive Theory and Sociocultural Theory Essay

- Throughout the centuries many detailed and comprehensive theories concerning child development have arisen. There are five major theories and two of these are Cognitive Theory and Sociocultural Theory. The great mind behind the grand theory known as Cognitive Theory was Jean Piaget and the idea of Sociocultural Theory was developed by Lev Vygotsky. Each of these scientists has their own comprehensive insights to their developed theory. The first major cognitive theorist was Jean Piaget, a Swiss scientist....   [tags: child development theories]

Better Essays
1059 words (3 pages)

Vygotsky and His Socio-cultural Theory Essay

- Throughout the history of early childhood education educators have used various theorists’ theories to develop children’s learning and development. One of the most significant theories is the socio-cultural theory by Vygotsky. His theory consists of how private speech is used by children and the importance of the zone of proximal development. Vygotsky’s theory is well used in the education environment today and educators use it to be able to provide activities that aren’t too difficult for the children to engage in....   [tags: child learning and development theories]

Better Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Annottated Bibliography: Popular Psychology

- Cook, G., & Cook, J. L. (2010). The world of children. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education Inc. This is the textbook assigned to this class. This source presents information in relation to the development of children in chronological order. It has terminology, and the most studied and accepted theories in the field of psychology. Author Greg Cook has a Ph. D in psychology and is a professor at the University of Wisconsin - Whitewater. For more than two decades, he has taught courses in Child Development, Research Methods, and others....   [tags: child development, psychology, theories]

Better Essays
987 words (2.8 pages)

Child Developmental Theories Essay

- Child Developmental Theories When an infant arrives in the world they are helpless tiny humans who depend on adults for every need from love, to feeding them. It is amazing how these tiny babies grow into adults able to make decisions and become self-dependent. There are many theories about how children develop and what roles the environment plays, what people affect their lives and how events can shape their personalities. Some of these children have and easy life and some have a harder time making that journey to adulthood....   [tags: Child Development ]

Better Essays
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The And Psychosocial Theories Of Human Development

- What is the definition of human development. Human development is the process of enlarging people’s freedom and opportunities, to improve their well-being. Children are like aliens to our world, knowing nothing about our world or what it has to offer. In this essay I discuss how children develop using and comparing 4 types of developments: cognitive development, social development, psychological and psychosexual development. Along with those developments there are theories like psychoanalytical and psychosocial theories....   [tags: Jean Piaget, Child development]

Better Essays
1596 words (4.6 pages)