The Theories of Child Development
Raised in different cultures all over Europe and the United States, four theorists have become world renowned for their theories of child development. As we review and learn their methods, the hope is to be able to apply them to everyday life by recognizing and utilizing them in the classroom setting.
Kohlberg, Erickson, Piaget, and Freud
Freud, Piaget, Erickson, and Kohlberg; what do they all have in common? The common factor is their fantastic ideas about child development. While each theorists is from a different culture, their theories have crossed borders and helped many cultures to learn about child development.
Sigmund Freud lived in the late 1800 's in Austria, and per bio.com, he was a neurologist that is known for being the founder of psychoanalysis. He became known for many different theories, including one on child sexual development (Editors, 2016). Freud 's theory of child development is a 6-stage approach that starts at birth and continues into adulthood (Salkind, 2006).
Freud?s Stages. In the Encyclopedia of Human Development, we see an explanation of Freud 's stages. The oral stage begins at birth and continues into the middle of the child?s second year. It is said that Freud thought there were two sub-phase to this stage, one that includes sucking and the other that includes biting (Salkind, 2006). Experiencing this oral stimulation helps to arouse the infant 's sensory input through sucking and tasting. It is believed that this stage also encourages a bond with a caregiver because the baby relies on the caregiver to fulfill their needs (Cherry, 2016).
Salkind (2006) goes on to explain Freud 's second stage, the anal stage. The children begin to have an infa...
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...job. I am focusing on the gain and she gets to feel good about her accomplishment.
One of Jean Piaget?s ideas is learning in the outdoors (Mooney, 2013). I hope to be able to use this as much as possible. ?The natural world provides young children with just as many opportunities to learn and grow across all developmental domains as the indoor classroom? (Mooney, 2013, p. 91). I want to be able to take walks with my children and can show them a spider web and then go inside the classroom and learn how it is made. I believe the more children explore their surroundings, the more connected they will be with it.
Teaching is all about children and how to develop their minds in an encouraging and supportive atmosphere. I will be able to do this by focusing on their differences, their strengths, and by understanding that each child develops at their own pace.
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