Theories From Non Scientific Theories Essay

Theories From Non Scientific Theories Essay

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Demarcation is a dividing line or a boundary that marks a limit to a subject like science. In 1919, Karl R. Popper, an influential philosopher, wanted to distinguish between real science and pseudoscience. He wanted to address the problem of demarcations, or the problem of distinguishing scientific theories like empirical theories from non-scientific theories. The problem that Popper tried to solve was neither a problem of meaningfulness nor a problem of truth or acceptability. It was a problem of drawing a line between statements of empirical sciences and other statements like pseudoscientific. In order to solve the problems of demarcation, Popper used falsification to provide a methodological distinction based on observation and evidenced played in scientific practice. In this paper, I will address the problems of demarcation by appealing to Popper’s “Falsification as Demarcation” to explore his explanation of demarcation, and how he outlined demarcation.

II. Outline

First, I will elucidate the problems of demarcation that Popper brings to attention. Then, I will argue that there is a difference between general relativity and psychoanalysis. Finally I will show Popper’s solution to the problem of demarcation by distinguishing scientific theories from non-scientific theories.

III. Problems of Demarcation

In Popper’s “Science as Falsification,” he outlines the structure of demarcation as what he calls “falsification.” Falsification is an action that falsify information or a theory. He wanted to distinguish between scientific theories in terms of “science” and “pseudoscience,” also known as the “problem of demarcation.” He states that Marx’s theory of history, Freud’s psychoana...

... middle of paper ...

... normally considered to be pseudoscientific would turn out to be scientific; false but nonetheless scientific which indicates that this criterion doesn’t work. Hence, the criterion of falsification has been widely rejected in recent literatures.

VI. Conclusion

In this paper, Popper believed that the criterion of falsification was the solution to his problems of demarcation. The criterion of falsification is a theory or statement that can be falsifiable, in order to be scientific. However, Edmond and Warburton disagrees with his solution to the problems of demarcation because there were many flaws with this criterion. Some of these flaws include the hypothesis to be falsifiable, but false. Even though his criterion of falsification was rejected, Popper has made a significant contribution to the debates of demarcation of science from pseudoscience.

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