The main explanation of developing depression according to Freud (a psychodynamic psychologist) is that a loss of a loved one or something very important to them, the loss can be real or something imagined (Lowry 1984) is the main cause for developing depression. However according to Ferster (1974) (a behaviourist) this psychologist believed that when a person no longer gains positive reinforcement, depression can develop. Both approaches believe that depression can be due to a childhood incident i.e. loss or not gaining positive reinforcement.
Loss can lead to a feeling of guilt, negative thoughts and neglect which is then turned into low self esteem which then leads to inwards anger (focussed at them). However neo-Freudian such as Klien & Bowley believes that depression can be caused by removal of love and warmth between the mother and child relationship in the early years of childhood. They believed that if the child had felt that they had not identified with their mother then feel rejected or unloved therefore this has a great impact on their adulthood. The overall explanation from most psychodynamic perspectives is that people develop depression since childhood.
Psychodynamic psychologists use several different methods to help prevent or work through depression since depression cannot be really fully cured. One way to treat depressed people is using dream analysis this is where the person keeps a dia...
... middle of paper ...
...ised to humans since human participants were not used in the experiment.
There are not many however there are several treatments from the behavioural approach for depression include; cognitive behavioural therapy where the person is sat down with a therapist to think rational through their problems and then look at their actions towards the situation(s), this enables the therapist to talk the person into positively thinking through the person’s problems and trying to resolve them. Another form of treatment includes Systematic Desensitisation (SD) where the person pairs up their problems with techniques of relaxation to simplify the problems and then work through them. People who have a lack of social skills are also able to have social skills training where they work with a therapist on the social skills to get to know more people and not then feel less depressed.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- For the purpose of this essay the user group I have decided to focus upon is people who suffer from mental health issues, in particular depression and psychosis. I will firstly talk about the illness and about the client group concerned. I will then discuss different treatments available and how effective communication is essential for the well being of these clients. I will then focus on different theories of communication from a psychology perspective and conclusively will discuss and critically analysis powers imbalances, inequalities and disadvantages.... [tags: Mental Health]
2787 words (8 pages)
- ... Dysfunctions in many of the vitally important brain systems can lead to a higher tendency for violent impulses, or psychological disorders that carry higher rate of violent tendencies. There are many theorized genetic causes. These causes are only theories because there has been no conclusive testing done regarding the genetic causes of violence. However, there have been studies that have been repeated multiple times and show a correlation between certain genetic causes and violence. Some of the theorized causes are related to brain activity, especially within the orbitofrontal cortex and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex.... [tags: causes behind violent acts and tendencies]
1446 words (4.1 pages)
- The world, today, has a fascination with mental illnesses. These illnesses range from clinical depression to schizophrenia to bipolar disorder. Diagnoses of these illnesses are rising rapidly, and the world finds little help from the standard treatment: psychotropic medication and/or counseling therapy. Of relevant concern to the Christian today is the topic of mental illness and the treatment thereof. This paper will explore the difference between secular treatment of mental illnesses and biblical treatment, focusing especially on the history and ministry of the Association of Certified Biblical Counselors.... [tags: secular counseling, biblical treatment]
1987 words (5.7 pages)
- Depression is an equal opportunity disorder, it can affect any group of people with any background, race, gender, or age. Depression is a sneak thief that slips quietly and gradually into people’s lives - robbing them of their time, and their focus. At first, depression may be undetectable, but in the long run a person could become so weighed down that their life may feel empty and meaningless. Contrary to popular belief, not everyone who commits suicide is depressed, but majority of people who commits suicide do so during a severe depressive episode.... [tags: Depression Essays]
1957 words (5.6 pages)
- Depression is a manageable, medical condition, which is characterized by moods and feelings (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2013a). Depression can affect the quality of life that a person experiences and is believed to be connected to cognitive impairments (AIHW, 2013a). Symptoms of depression can be improved through medication and non-medication interventions and treatments (AIHW, 2013a). In Australia, depression still remain the second leading cause of disability Between the years 2011 and 20012, depression was one of the three most frequently managed mental health conditions (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2013b).... [tags: Depression, RIMA, oestrogen]
991 words (2.8 pages)
- “Eleven percent of Americans aged 12 years and over, take antidepressant medication,” “antidepressants were the third most common prescription drug … in 2005 – 2008,” and from 1988 to 2008, the rate of antidepressant use in the US increased nearly 400% (Pratt). The first step to treating many of these new cases of depression is the prescription and use of antidepressant medication, however this has cause a mass flooding of our society with unnecessary prescription drugs. Due to the ease of treatment, primarily with prescription drugs, and the large range of severity in depression is often over diagnosed, adding to the problem.... [tags: depression, medication, treatment]
1918 words (5.5 pages)
- Depression is a disorder characterized by depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. Depression is a general term that has been used to describe transient feelings, a psychological disorder, and a health problem that is characterized by a group of related symptoms (Beeber, 1998). “Depression is an alteration in mood probably treated more by nurse psychotherapists more frequently than any other symptom in clinical practice with the exception of anxiety” (Drake, Drake, & Price, 1996, p.... [tags: Depression Disorder Essays]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Did you know in 2009 approximately 18.8 million (9.5%) of American adults 18 and older were diagnosed with having depression; 12.4 million (12.0%) are women and 6.4 million (6.6%) are men. Depression and some antidepressants are going to be the main focus of this paper. Women between ages 25-44 are the most affected by depression mainly because they have trouble handling anger which is usually associated with anxiety disorders or substance abuse. Depression can affect people of all ages and is rated number one for being the leading cause of disability in the United States.... [tags: Mental Health]
2200 words (6.3 pages)
- Being clinically depressed is very different from the down type of feeling that all people experience from time to time. Occasional feelings of sadness are a normal part of life, and it is unfortunate that such feelings are often colloquially referred to as "depression." In clinical depression, such feelings are out of proportion to any external causes. There are things in everyone's life that are possible causes of sadness, but people who are not depressed manage to cope with these things without becoming incapacitated.... [tags: Clinical Depression Essays]
3440 words (9.8 pages)
- Treatments for Depression Clinical depression is a disease that involves feelings of sadness lasting for longer than two weeks and is often accompanied by a loss of interest in life, hopelessness, and decreased energy. (3) Depression affects 340 million people in the world today. One in every 4 women and one in every 10 men develop depression during their lifetime. About half the cases of depression are untreated and about 10 to 15 percent of all depressed people commit suicide. (4) There are many different types of depression including major depression, Bipolar Disorder, Dysthymia, and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), and there are different degrees of depression ranging from less sever... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
1127 words (3.2 pages)