Roosevelt’s intervention in the Russo-Japanese conflict displayed the strength in the African Proverb “Speak softly and carry a big stick”, which Roosevelt frequently quoted and used as a guide in foreign affairs. By way of this proverb, Roosevelt was able to arbitrate the Russo-Japanese dispute over Korea and Manchuria in 1905, secretly agreeing to Japanese annexation of Korea, and in return, forcing Japan to keep out of China, Hawaii, and the Philippines. The combatants laid down their arms, and Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize (the first American to win the award), strengthening the United States position and influence in Asia and the Pacific.
While Roosevelts forward and aggressive approach to diplomacy proved effective in many interventions and actions, there existed drawbacks to his approach that weakened his foreign diplomacy. In the aftermath of the Japan-China war which ended in 1895, the United States called upon countries with economic stake in China for an “Open Door Policy” which allowed for fair competition for countries interested in Chinese resources. While Britain, France, Japan, and Germany agreed...
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...f pressure from imperialists as well as American industrialists. Despite Wilson’s intentions to limit U.S. involvement in the region, he sent troops to Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic, which ensured a U.S. military presence in the Caribbean and Central America for decades. Ironically, regardless of his sincere intentions to stop the spread of imperialism, Wilson intervened in Latin American affairs more than any other president.
Additionally, Wilson gained for himself the reputation of being “preachy”. His policies were relatively ineffective as many of the countries he attempted to patch did not remain patched, and once again, force was resorted to as a way to maintain control and stability. Slowly, relations with Germany began to deteriorate, pushing the United States toward joining with the Allies against Germany, and toward greater war and conflict.
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