The Theme of Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe

The Theme of Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel Defoe

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Robinson Crusoe was written by Daniel Defoe. The novel was first

published in 1719. It tells the story of a young explorer who becomes marooned

on a deserted island. His experiences of the island change his outlook on life.

Daniel Defoe was a short story writer that came from an poor family.

Defoe was poor for most of his life and made his living as a butcher and a

writer. Defoe mostly wrote short stories and political essays. Robinson Crusoe

was a combination of two short stories. Many believe Defoe used Robinson

Crusoe to portray himself in a certain ways. The description was almost

identical to his own and after his wife left him, he felt as if he was marooned

on a deserted island.

The story takes place in the 1700s on a deserted island somewhere off the

coast of Brazil. The island is fairly large in size and has a small shore. The

interior of the island has many trees, wild pigs and other small animals and a

small cave in which Crusoe stores food.

I walked about the shore lifting up my hands. Look around,

I see nothing but water, a forest, and the remains of my

ship. At first, I was afraid of wild animals but after some

exploration of the land, the only animals I had seen were

wild pigs, squirrels, and some small birds.

The only possessions that Crusoe retrieved from the remains of his ship were a

small knife, a box of tobacco
, a pipe, and a small book that would later become

his journal.

Robinson Crusoe was a young and stubborn explorer. He was extremely

tall and strong. His stay on the island changed him from a mean, stubborn man

to an open-minded protestant.

Standing at six feet, two inches and having my long, thick

brown hair back in a ponytail, I felt as if I was eight feet

tall. Without the permission of my parents, I was still

sailing away from the misery. I held the cargo box is my

strong arms, waiting to board my beautiful ship.

Crusoe became a skilled craftsman and was an extremely religious man due to

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his stay on the island. Being the only man on the entire island, he established a

faith in God. He also became more articulate from writing in a journal daily.

Overall, his stay on the island changed Crusoe's life greatly.

As the story begins, Robinson Crusoe defies his parents and sets out to

sea. Crusoe encounters a series of violent storms at sea and ends up in Africa.

He sets out on another voyage and is captured by the Sallee, a group of pirates.

Luckily, he manages to escape and board a Portuguese ship and sail to Brazil.

While in Brazil, Crusoe purchases a large sugar plantation. After leaving Brazil,

he encounters another storm in which his ship is destroyed and he is marooned

on an island as the only survivor.

On the island, Crusoe gathers food and builds a small shelter. He writes in

a journal to keep account of his stay. Crusoe becomes a skilled craftsman and

begins to feel a spiritual connection with God. He also builds a small boat that

he uses to sail around the island.

After living on the island for fifteen years, Crusoe discovers that savages

had landed on the island and that they perform human sacrifices. Crusoe helps a

prisoner escape from these savages. He names the prisoner Friday and teaches

him english. Together, they build a new boat and attempt to leave the island.

However, Friday learns his father is a prisoner of the savages. Crusoe and

Friday return and rescue his father and a Spaniard. The four men board a

passing boat and gain control of it. Crusoe sails back to his native land to learn

his sugar plantation has made him rich. He sells the plantation and marries. As

the novel closes, Crusoe is persuaded to take a final voyage, back to the island.

Robinson Crusoe is written using an English dialect. The narration of the

novel is simple, informal and extremely easy to understand. However, Defoe

uses verbose descriptions for characters.

He was a comely, handsome fellow, perfectly well made,

with strong limbs, not too large, tall and well-shaped, and

I reckon he was about twenty years of age. The color

of his skin was not quite black, but very tawny; and yet

not of an ugly, yellow, nauseous tawny, as the Brazilians

and Virginians, and other natives are; but of a bright kind

of a dun olive color that had in it something agreeable,

though not very easy to describe.

This is a description of Friday. Defoe does an excellent job of introducing the

character. This paragraph makes a clear picture of Friday to the reader.

The theme of the novel is that nature can change the way a man thinks

and his outlook on life. Crusoe was a nasty young man who hated his family

and his life as the story began. After being stranded on an island for over fifteen

years, nature changed his outlook on life. Crusoe became grateful for what he

did have and wanted to make the best out of it. He developed a stronger will

power and became more opened minded. He also thought more about the better

aspects of his life and had faith in God.


Works Cited

Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 2003. Print.
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