As punctuation is relevant to and necessary to grammar (as above quotation states), a significant cause of EFL learner and Arab EFL writer low punctuation proficiency is the incorrect application of rules (Al-Jarf, 2001). He points out, the incorrect application of rules caused by: 1) failure to master the operational or transformational component of a rule; and 2) failure to learn a rules domain of applicability (p.16). According to Mohammed (2006), EFL learners who are unable to write in complete sentence, and constantly appear to have difficulty with understanding the concept of a sentence; their writing contains unconventional punctuation as a result.
Mann (2003) believes that one should be familiar with sentence boundaries in order to punctuate correctly; moreover, he points out that to begin and end sentences is one of some difficulties learners face when they start to write. As the construction of sentence varies from one language to another, such variations may result in writing in incomplete sentence and then inappropriate use of punctuation.
A simple sentence is “an independent clause expressing one idea” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p. 106), “a syntactic unit which contains a finite verb” (Fischer 1984, p. 15, cited in Polio 1997, p. 107), comprised of one subject-verb combination, though the subject may be compound and thus making up a clause with “more than one constituent” (Al-Khresheh 2010, p. 106). These features describe the English s...
... middle of paper ...
...O’Grady, et al. 1996, cited in Al-Khresheh 2010, p. 106).
Othman (2007) posits the differences in Arabic subordinate clauses at the helm of the differences and the cause of the impact to punctuating in English writing. Othman (2007) has conducted a study in which he has attempted to find out how subordination and coordination are commonly used in Arabic and English texts. He concludes: subordination is seen as a sign of maturity and sophistication in English writing, whereas coordination is more commonly used in Arabic writing. As Mohamed and Omer (1999) also conclude, these differences, like those in coordination efforts, manifest in several ways: Arabic subordinate clauses are semantically subordinate, but are syntactically capable equal to their main clauses, just like their main independent clauses, of acting independently as separate sentences” (p. 293).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Punctuation marks are the main means of showing the grammatical organisation of what you write. Hide the punctuation and you hide the grammatical structure. And if you hide the grammatical structure, you hide the meaning of what you are trying to say.” Crystal (1996:151) maintains. As punctuation is relevant to and necessary to grammar (as above quotation states), a significant cause of EFL learner and Arab EFL writer low punctuation proficiency is the incorrect application of rules (Al-Jarf, 2001).... [tags: Education, English Grammar]
802 words (2.3 pages)
- Libyan revolution or the Libyan Civil War was the armed conflict in Libya between those, who supported Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, and those, who were against him. The conflicts, especially between people and the government were always one of the major topics of political discussions. However, not all of them can be described as “the cornerstone of changes”. I consider the Libyan revolution to be the one, which resulted in political changes of this country. The revolution was very radical action, but a natural result of the violence and killing of innocent of people, which was at that time a natural thing for the Muammar Gaddafi.... [tags: Libyan Civil War, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi]
944 words (2.7 pages)
- Many literary critics are partial to essay titles with colons. They employ a catchy initial title followed by a more informative subtitle. Notice that the final punctuation comes within the quotation marks that emphasize "lifelike," not outside. Periods and commas are formatted in this way; formatting around question marks and exclamation points depends on whether the point is part of the original quotation. The following does not conform to American usage: "lifelike". Semi-colons are grammatical equal signs.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
995 words (2.8 pages)
- E. E. Cummings ' "anyone lived in a pretty how town" is often interpreted as a love poem (Macksoud 72), but it can be analyzed more deeply to reflect societal themes. Cummings ' use of grammar and punctuation is unconventional and at the same time organized in a way that draws the reader to certain conclusions about the way the citizens of the "how town" live. None of the protagonists are given a name, and yet knowing their titles—"anyone," "women and men," "children," "someone," "everyone," and "noone"—and analyzing the contrast between the individual and the group is essential to understanding the message the poem conveys (Kidder 143).... [tags: Metropolitana di Napoli, Madrid Metro]
1120 words (3.2 pages)
- ... With a period instead of a semicolon, the relationship between the first clause and second isn’t emphasized as much as it could be. A semicolon stresses the narrator’s insistence in his sanity. Last of all, his use of exclamation marks shows the narrator’s state of mind, thoughts, and emotions. Without the exclamation mark in the first line, the impact of the narrator’s statement wouldn’t be as great. Yet, in observing punctuation, one can hardly fail to notice the relationship it plays in sentence structure and length.... [tags: punctuation, dark, language]
771 words (2.2 pages)
- The definition of prolific is to produce something with abundance or high frequency. Prolific writing for experts, who could be authors, novelists, ghostwriters, etc…, would be to produce a large quantity of writing in a short time. Some novelists are capable of writing a book in a month or just a week. In the classroom prolificacy would be writing often, no matter the length of each work. For students, most writing is for practicing the different types of writing. Prolific writing should not be frowned upon in publishing or classrooms.... [tags: Writing, Writer, Writing process, Creative writing]
1877 words (5.4 pages)
- The poetry of Emily Dickinson is one of the most recognizable of the 19th century. Dickinson’s poetry stands out because of its unconventional use of capitalization and punctuation. Her poems contain capitalized words which are not normally capitalized. Her poems are noted for the frequent use of the dash. Literary scholars have attempted to interpret Dickinson’s unconventional capitalization and punctuation. Some believe that it was merely part of Dickinson’s penmanship (Weisbuch 73). They therefore edit Dickinson’s poetry and publish them in standardized form.... [tags: Poetry Analysis ]
1263 words (3.6 pages)
- My Writing Abilities Writing is a powerful tool that people use all over the world. Writing allows people to communicate ideas, thoughts, stories, and more. Writing is more than just putting coherent words on a paper to make it a comprehensive text; it is about how the content is formatted, styled, and expressed. When a writer takes this into consideration, they are developing as a writer. As a writer, I would characterize myself as a moderate to good writer. Like any writer, I have my strengths, weaknesses, and lack of confidence at times.... [tags: Writing, Creative writing, Paper, Writing process]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
- “To write is human, to write well is divine” (Anonymous, 2010). So, why is it important to write professionally and what constitutes professional writing. Contrary to popular belief, professional writing is not merely being paid to write; although, professional writers are paid well. In short, professional writing is writing at the next level with a purpose. It is important to show the basic aspects of professional writing (knowing the audience, knowing the purpose, being persuasive, and getting to the point) so that one is able to accomplish the act of communicating effectively and looking professional in doing so.... [tags: Writing]
792 words (2.3 pages)
- John Lennon, the late Beatle, and immortal Walrus, said, “I am he as you are he as you are me and we are all together. See how they run, like pigs from a gun, see how they fly-I’m crying.” And, the strangest thing about it is, after A Hard Day’s Night of typing this into my computer’s grammar checker, the program didn’t indicate a single error. Imagine, three decades before the age of the word processor, Lennon made his words Come Together. Think back to secondary school. What would many of your teacher’s reaction have been had you written what John Lennon did.... [tags: English Writing Grammar Music Lennon Beatles]
1677 words (4.8 pages)