Deconstruction is a poststructural theory that has been applied with good results to such areas as Anthropology, Architecture, Critical Legal Studies, Graphic Design, and Literary Criticism. Our purpose is to introduce it into the practice of consulting in general, and public policy formation in particular. Several features of the recent work of Jacques Derrida (the Philosopher responsible for deconstruction) are relevant to our design of a Problem Tour.
A deconstructive approach to problem solving puts in question the concept of "problem" and the notion of "solution."
"Problema can signify projection or protection, that which one poses or throws in front of oneself, either as the projection of a project, of a task to accomplish, or as the protection created by a substitute, a prosthesis that we put forth in order to represent, replace, shelter, or dissimulate ourselves, or so as to hide something unavowable--like a shield (problema also means shield, clothing as barrier or guard-barrier) behind which one guards oneself in secret or in shelter in case of danger. Every border is problematic in these two senses" (Derrida, 1993: 11-12).
An allegorical definition of the effect of problem as shield is the scene in which the ghost of Hamlet's father, a "revenant," appears in full armor on the ramparts of Elsinor. The definition involves the fusion of a series of terms: advice, advise, adviser, advisory, visor. "To feel ourselves seen by a look which it will always be impossible to cross, that is the visor effect on the basis of which we inherit from the law. Since we do not see the one who sees us, and who makes the law, who delivers the injunction; since we do not see the one who orders 'swear,' we cannot identify i...
... middle of paper ...
...ames the essence of tragedy. This dynamic continues today, and is the reason for the "urgency" of the emerAgency.
Benitez-Rojo, Antonio (1996), THE REPEATING ISLAND: THE CARIBBEAN AND THE POSTMODERN PERSPECTIVE, 2nd Ed., Trans. James E. Maraniss (Duke).
Derrida, Jacques (1993), APORIAS, trans. Thomas Dutoit (Stanford).
____________ (1994), SPECTRES OF MARXS: THE STATE OF THE DEBT, THE WORK OF MOURNING, AND THE NEW INTERNATIONAL, trans. Peggy Kamuf (Routledge).
____________ (1997), POLITICS OF FRIENDSHIP, trans. George Collins (Verso).
Peters, F. E. (1967), GREEK PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS: A HISTORICAL LEXICON (New York University).
Poundstone, William (1992), PRISONER'S DILEMMA: JOHN VON NEUMANN, GAME THEORY, AND THE PUZZLE OF THE BOMB (Doubleday)
Ventura, Michael, "Hear That Long Snake Moan," in SHADOW DANCING IN THE USA (Tarcher, 1985).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Models of Public Policy Formation When Colorado and Washington legalized the use of marijuana, the passage of the legislation had to go through several policy framework models. Some of the basic models of the policy framework that may explain the legislative results include the Interest Group Theory, Institutional Rational Choice, Advocacy Coalition Social Construction and Multiple Stream frameworks. This paper will describe the steps, processes and reasoning on why Colorado and Washington legalized the use of marijuana.... [tags: Cannabis, Legality of cannabis by country, Hashish]
1426 words (4.1 pages)
- they had a video crew to capture moments because she wanted the world to know about this event. Walker has plenty of footage of people acting inappropriately. She saw lots of people taking vulgar selfies and she likes to think that having people see her work people will realize how unsettling human behavior is. The environment that surrounded this piece was positive. It is considered unusual to see large groups and families attending an exhibit of this sort. The deconstruction of the sphinx transpired in a one week period.... [tags: Art, Arts, Art world, The Work]
1255 words (3.6 pages)
- ... However, the two types of policy share the group model of policy making because of the actors and agents involved at the various steps in the policy making process along with the shared similar characteristic of being highly controversial. The struggle for social equality has long been a fight in the United States for many social, ethnic, religious, and socio-economic groups. Following the American Civil War the adoption of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments legally ended the practice of slavery and brought about a period of policy making in the United States that would focus on social and legal equality for the diverse populations in the United States.... [tags: Controversial legislation, social equality]
611 words (1.7 pages)
- Hanah Bautista Mrs. Talley AP English IV- 6th November 14, 2017 The Bonesetter’s Daughter- Mother-Daughter Identity Formation “I realized the worst word must have been: ma… that was the only word the baby needed. A mother is always the beginning(Tan, 2001, p.299).” Every person is branded with an identity that refers to the distinguished personality or character of an individual. This character is unique to us alone and is honed along the process of growing up and the identity development begins with the discovery of self and continues throughout childhood before becoming the focus of adolescence.... [tags: Mother, Family, Identity formation, Suicide]
1523 words (4.4 pages)
- Research in multidisciplinary public health can be challenging. There can be serious tension generated among the participants in the research process concerning which approaches are best suitable for the research. Also, the choice of methods to be considered from a compendium of methods that best suits a study could be a herculean task to overcome owing to the differences in the interests and views of the various disciplines involved in public health research (Saks, 2013). This could result in a pyramid of research approaches where an approach is seen by professionals as more scientific and more relevant to public health than others.... [tags: Public Health Essays]
2673 words (7.6 pages)
- According to Wikipedia, Identity formation, also known as individuation, is the development of the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity (known as personal continuity) in a particular stage of life in which individual characteristics are possessed and by which a person is recognized or known. According to Erikson, his theory described developmental stages, as extending from birth through adulthood. Erikson, identity formation, beginning in childhood, gains prominence during adolescence.... [tags: Identity formation, Developmental psychology]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- ... With the development of Internet since the late 20th century, it is argued by many scholars that the Internet provides the possibility for the existence of a democratic public sphere (Boeder, 2005; Hinderman, 2008; Papacharissi, 2002 and Papacharissi, 2010). Papacharissi(2002) argues that Internet provides an unprecedentedly large quantity of information, which facilitates the public’s discussions over political issues. In addition, via the Internet, geographical constraints of communication are overcome.... [tags: social media, democratization of society]
2386 words (6.8 pages)
- Deconstruction in Architecture Deconstruction is first developed by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. The definition for deconstruction is not easy to understand, and Derrida and his interpreters actually intend it to be difficult. It was first meant a method of interpretation and analysis of a text or a speech. He introduced the concept of deconstruction in connection with his linguistic philosophy and grammatology. When deconstruct a text or a speech, it is to draw out conflicting logics of sense and implication, with the object of showing that the text never exactly means what it ways or says what it means .... [tags: Architects Architecture Physics Essays]
1405 words (4 pages)
- Reconstruction or Deconstruction Following The War for Southern Independence the radical Republicans of the North took unjust measures over the conquered and impoverished social structure, economy and governments of the defeated southern states. In fact, the whole idea of "reconstruction" was in fact "deconstruction". Reconstruction was not to "heal the nation's wounds," or to economically revitalize the South (which it did not). Indeed, Reconstruction was economically destructive to the South.... [tags: American America History]
708 words (2 pages)
- The term “Deconstruction” was first employed in the philosophical sense by Jacques Derrida in his 1967 book Of Grammatology. As such, the concept and movement of Deconstruction was founded solely by Derrida, without much influence from contemporary sources. However, Derrida did draw from previous philosophers such as Nietzsche, Husserl, the linguist Saussure, Heidegger, and the psychologist Sigmund Freud. Deconstruction began as both an expansion and reaction to Structuralism, a movement that was particularly popular in 1960’s France.... [tags: Poetry Analysis]
1494 words (4.3 pages)