The Role of the Media in Rwanda's Violence Essay

The Role of the Media in Rwanda's Violence Essay

Length: 1620 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Many situations and acts that are unacceptable need a stressor. Stressors are situations and/or events that lead to a catastrophic outcome, such as the Rwanda genocide. The tension between both the Hutu and Tutsi already existed; it only needed something to reach its breaking point – a stressor. On April 6, 1994, the plane that occupied Juvenal Habyarimana, President of Rwanda, and Cyprien Ntaryamina, President of Burundi crashed due to unexplained circumstances. Over the next three months in Rwanda after the crash carrying both Presidents, mass killings began to occur. The kill count escaladed dramatically leaving one million Rwandans dead and two million seeking refugee status among its neighbors: Zaire, Tanzania, and Burundi (Kellow and Steeves 1998). This stressor is a key contribution to the events that followed; the Rwandan Genocide. “The rise in tension and violence, the wide distribution of arms to civilians and militia, and the increasingly vehement anit-Tutsi propaganda broadcast by Radio Libre de Mille Collines, all indicated the growing potency of ethnic hatred” (Uvin 1998, 83-84). Ethnic hatred centered on the hostility and segregation towards a particular group, in this case the Tutsi. The use of fear, rumor, and panic enabled the unsteady decline of trust between the Hutu and the Tutsi, which eventually escaladed to pure ethnic hatred (Kellow and Steeves, 1998; Straus, 2007; Uvin, 1998). The role of the media in the Rwandan genocide contributed to further violence and hatred among the Hutu and the Tutsi residents. One of the ways in which information could be obtained throughout Rwanda that was easily accessible was through public broadcasting particularly the radio. Through radio broadcasting it enables the public...

... middle of paper ...

... Rwanda before RTLM took over its frequency during the early stages of the genocide (Thompson 2007, 390). Once again media is not the cause for the genocide but rather a tool that is used in advancing its devastation on a nation at a rapid rate.

Works Cited

Kellow, Christine L, and H. Leslie Steeves. "The Role of Radio in the Rwandan Genocide." Journal
of Communication, 1998: 107-128.

Li, Darryl. "Echoes of Violence: Consideration on Radio and Genocide in Rwanda." Journal of
Genocide Research, 2004: 9-27.

Straus, Scott. "What is the Relationship between Hate Radio and Violence? Rethinking
Rwanda's "Radio Machete"." Politics & Society , 2007: 609-637.

Thompson, Allan. The Media and the Rwanda Genocide. London: Pluto Press, 2007.

Uvin, Peter. Aiding Violence: The Development Enterprise in Rwanda. Connecticut: Kumarian
Press, Inc, 1998.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Media Representation of the Rwandan Genocide Essay

- This article considers how the representation of events in the news can serve to shape public opinion or discourage statesmanship. Through the example of the Rwanda Genocide my argument is that representation is constitutive of the ways in which we understand the world and of the hierarchy that currently exists within mainstream media. As (Michael J. Shapiro, 1989) discussed ‘The reason for looking at representational practices in relation to texts, language and modes of interpretation is because it is through these practices that ideas about International Relations are produced’....   [tags: Media ]

Powerful Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Rwanda Genocide Essay

- Some people feel that the Genocide in Rwanda happened because two tribes, the Tutsis and Hutus did not like each other. That is not the only reason. The Belgian colonization played a big role in separating the Tutsi and Hutus. After the Belgian colony left, they gave the Tutsi tribe most of the power over Rwanda leaving the Hutus with nothing. This made the Hutus inferior to the Tutsi. The Civil war in 1990-1993 between the Hutus and Tutsis refugees led to more division between the two tribes. This led to the assassination of Rwanda Hutu President Juvenal Habyarimana, and the initial events prior to the Genocide....   [tags: Civil War, Hate Speech, Atrocities]

Powerful Essays
966 words (2.8 pages)

Rwanda Genocide Essay

- November 12, 2013 MAHG 5028 Religion and Genocide: Rittner Conversation Starter #12 Rwandan Genocide The Angels Have Left Us by Hugh McCullum, discusses the African tragedy that took place in Rwanda, which resulted in the murder of over one million victims. The Rwanda genocide was between two groups, the Hutu and the Tutsi. Hutu were considered to be the natives and indigenous to the land, where Tutsi were considered to be the non-native settlers who were non indigenous. Through propaganda and myth, the tension of ethnic hatred would slowly crumble the Rwandan State....   [tags: justice, United Nations, Africa, Hugh McCullum]

Powerful Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)

Political Governance in Post-genocide Rwanda Essay

- Political Governance in Post-genocide Rwanda Critical analysis The Spring Semester of 2014 Political Governance in Post-genocide Rwanda I. Summary: Rawanda is a country full of paradoxes, difficult for outsiders to understand what is really happening there. While hearing ‘’Rwanda’’ the first thing came into our mind is Genocide, massacre, poverty, discrimination, corruption, and violence. Post-genocide Rawanda have been receiving considerable amount of funds from international community despite being a dictatorship along with miserable human rights record and instability in region....   [tags: human rights, regime change, conflicts]

Powerful Essays
2892 words (8.3 pages)

Essay on Myth of Propaganda in the Balkans and Rwanda

- Mass Manipulation and Genocide: The Myth of Propaganda in the Balkans and Rwanda War and conquest have been among the most enduring traits of humankind throughout the ages. While we would all like to believe that we are, by nature, a peaceful species, we still understand there are some things worth fighting for, and given the appropriate context, there are some things worth killing for. As reasoning beings, we hope that if violence is the only option it is for a clear and legitimate purpose. That is why it was so confounding to hear of such heinous acts of senseless violence as stories from Germany began to emerge after World War II....   [tags: War Politics ]

Powerful Essays
6706 words (19.2 pages)

Essay on Violence in the Media: A Biased Evaluation

- Since the creation of man, violence has played a natural part of human nature. Throughout the millennia, it has also become a crude form of entertainment for our species, especially since the arm of technology has extended its arm’s reach so greatly. To the surprise -- and anger -- of many, the majority of today’s addictive media revolves on an axis of desperation around violence. Although this may sound like a barbaric trend, it is a majority of greater good for many logical reasons. Violence in the media prepares children for the harsh slap of reality, helps them overcome their petty or crippling fears, and eminently benefits the economy; therefore, violence should more or less be widely a...   [tags: violence, violent media, mass media]

Powerful Essays
632 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Analysis of Violence in the Media

- While violence is not new to the human race, it is an accumulative epidemic that is taking over today’s society. With firearms, ammunition and explosives becoming more accessible, this is resulting into more violent behavior and less serious consequences. Violence in the media plays an imperative role in the etiology of violent and hostile behavior in the world today. While it is difficult to determine which age group have experienced more televised violence, studies have shown that the consequences of aggressive and violent behavior have brought a great deal of human agonizing, suffering, pain and financial destitution to our society, as well as an atmosphere of apprehension, distress and d...   [tags: violence, media, video games]

Powerful Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Violence in the Media Essay example

- Some believe that violence in the media is to blame for violence in people, but that argument is undermined by the realization that violence existed long before video games and television. In fact, violence has actually been steadily decreasing since these things have been growing in popularity. Critics of violent media seem to long for the “good old days”; a time before there was violence in the media. These critics fail to acknowledge that those “good old days” were actually far more violent than today....   [tags: Violence]

Powerful Essays
816 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Effects of Media Violence on Children

- If a child acted violently towards someone else, like if he or she punched another child, there would be consequences for that child. Perhaps detention or grounding, but then their act of violence is mostly forgotten about. Rarely do the parents or school officials investigate why the child acted violently in the first place. If asked, the adults might say something like “the child probably watches a violent television show, like Powerangers, or he/she plays violent video games, like Grand Theft Auto.” Most people would consider that an acceptable reason....   [tags: Media Violence 2014]

Powerful Essays
2094 words (6 pages)

Essay on Rwanda

- Rwanda In the spring of 1994, more than three-quarters of a million Rwandans were massacred by their own government. A breakdown in state authority and a foundering peace process had resulted in the extreme government of the country taking drastic measures, eliminating every person of rival ethnicity or those who sympathized with them. Knowing that after Somalia, the United States and the United Nations would not commit troops or money when a significant threat existed, they orchestrated an attack on UN forces that convinced the international community to pack up and go home....   [tags: Government Politics Essays Rwanda Massacre]

Powerful Essays
2090 words (6 pages)