The Problem of Street Children in Brazil Essay

The Problem of Street Children in Brazil Essay

Length: 5145 words (14.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The world of poverty is a complex one with similarities seen in every society. In Brazil, poverty has created an especially dark situation in which society's most vulnerable children are forced to live or work on the streets and fend for their lives on a daily basis. In many societies, poor children are exposed to street life, but Brazil is interesting in that many of its citizens have changed their mentalities from viewing street children as creative ?urchins? to viewing them as vermin that must be discarded, often through murder, all while blaming the victim. In the world of poverty, there is extreme competition for few resources, and it is other low-income people who often support wiping children off the streets, instead of sympathizing with them. It is a huge paradox that Brazil, with some of the world's most progressive legislation regarding children, encompassed in the Statute of the Child and Adolescent of 1990, also has some of the world?s most horrendous violations of human rights against the group. A combination of market forces, the state, and international organizations must fight poverty and societal structures that leave children susceptible to violence if they, and thus Brazil?s future, are to survive.

The root cause of street children is poverty. ?Rural poverty, neglect, and enforced displacement from the land? forced huge numbers of peasants to leave the countryside for urban areas, hoping for industrial jobs especially in cities like Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo (Jubilee Action 1998). The process of urbanization increased in the 1970s and 1980s, with 56% of Brazil?s population living in urban areas in 1970, which increased to over 75% by 1990 (Moulin and Pereira 2000, 44). Whereas in the rural areas they wer...

... middle of paper ...

... Risk in Rio de Janeiro.? In Children on the Streets of the Americas, ed. Roslyn Arlin Mickelson. New York: Routledge.

Petit, Juan Miguel. 2004. ?Rights of the Child: Mission to Brazil.? The Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography. 2 Dec. 2004.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy and Daniel Hoffman. 1998. ?Brazilian Apartheid: Street Kids and the Struggle for Urban Space.? In Small Wars: The Cultural Politics of Childhood, ed. Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Carolyn Sargent. Los Angeles: The University of California Press.

Vianna, Solon Magalhaes and Iara Marques. 1994. Decentralization and Policies for the Protection of Children and Adolescents in Brazil. UNICEF International Child Development Centre. Innocenti Occasional Papers Decentralization and Local Governance Series, Number 14.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The History of Soccer in Brazil Essay

- Brazil is known for the beautiful scenery and its Carnival. It’s also known for its great athletic achievements throughout history. Soccer, also known as “futebol” the national sport, is played by almost every little boy and girl in the streets of their hometowns. Some young children blossom into the great players that Brazil has had play for either the Men’s or Women’s National Teams, and some grow up to be crazy supporters.Brazilian football, unlike any other cultural interpretation of an individual sport, has the ability to conjure up one’s mind an essence of mystery, of carnival, of rhythm, of unadulterated joy and freedom....   [tags: Soccer in Brazil]

Better Essays
2828 words (8.1 pages)

The Problem Of Street Children Essays

- Street children are those children which road symbolizes home for them. It is estimated that around 120 million children are living on the streets around the world (30 million in Africa) according to (Huanism,2011). This indicates that a considerable number of kids are going to lose their future because of being homeless. Street children are infants who live and survive on the public roads of cities and towns. They face a great obstacle by a number of ways, as they are living in a threatening atmosphere, by encountering some people who abuse girls, injecting drugs....   [tags: Childhood, Child abuse, Early childhood education]

Better Essays
1370 words (3.9 pages)

Social Security Policy in Brazil Essay

- Brazilian social security benefits are only available to Brazilians and foreigners who have made contributions to the social security system. Some of the benefits that we will introduce and discuss are; maternity benefits, temporary incapacity or accident benefits, long-term sickness benefits, disability benefits, pensions benefits, imprisonment benefits, death benefits, and invalidity benefits. In many of the cases in order to receive benefits or assistance, the insured must have contributed to at least twelve months of working, or in the case of the old age pension at least one hundred fifty-six months of contribution are required....   [tags: International Law, brazil]

Better Essays
997 words (2.8 pages)

Homelessness Is A Problem Of Homelessness Essay

- Homelessness in america has been an epidemic for decades. In New Orleans particularly homelessness has increased dramatically since hurricane katrina and continue to plague our city. Homelessness is a major issue that our city is not addressing New Orleans government officials must step in and make a difference. Fifty-seven thousand veterans are homeless each night, most of theses are 5,000 females (Swan 7) . There are fewer places for poor people to rent than before. The U.S needs at least 7 million more affordable apartments for low income families (Ending Homelessness 12)....   [tags: Homelessness, Poverty, Street children]

Better Essays
2641 words (7.5 pages)

Essay about Brazil And The United States

- Brazil and the United States were both discovered and colonized by Europeans even though their population cultural patterns differ. The way that Brazilians and Americans relate to their families differ. While Americans are raised to be individualists, Brazilians are known to have a close-knit family; Consequently, supporting your family members in Brazil is considered an imperative value. As a result, young Americans achieve their independence much earlier than young Brazilians. When American lands, also known as the new world were being discovered, Brazil was being colonized by the Portuguese....   [tags: United States, Family, Thirteen Colonies, Brazil]

Better Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Neoliberalism in Brazil Essay

- In an article entitled “Resisting and reshaping destructive development: social movements and globalizing networks”, P. Routledge describes neoliberal development, “Contemporary economic development is guided by the economic principles of neoliberalism and popularly termed ‘globalization’. The fundamental principal of this doctrine is ‘economic liberty’ for the powerful, that is that an economy must be free from the social and political ‘impediments,’ ‘fetters’, and ‘restrictions’ placed upon it by states trying to regulate in the name of the public interest....   [tags: Brazil]

Better Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Brazil Facts Essay

- Brazil Introduction You probably heard of Brazil but, do you know much about it. Brazil is a beautiful place or country, in South America. It’s great for tourists’ sites; it has amazing land features, and especially cool culture and history. Brazil has a tremendous amount of nature and folktale. Brazil was found actually, over 8,000 years ago. The Portuguese were the first European settlers to arrive there. The journey was led by Pedro Cabral who began in the 1500s. When they finally got there they found Native Americans living there....   [tags: Brazil]

Better Essays
657 words (1.9 pages)

Brazil Essay

- Brazil – Not Just a War of its Own If an educated history professor with knowledge of South America were asked to explain Brazil in a single sentence, something along the lines of "Brazil is a country of hidden turmoil, poverty, crime, drugs, promiscuity, and racial conflicts yet some find it to be beautiful due to its diverse background," would be relevant to the stereotype of the third world country (The Economist). Some say Brazil is a beautiful country due to its white beaches and clear water, but if one looks deep enough into the cities, they will see the truth that lies in the shantytowns of Brazil....   [tags: Countries Country]

Free Essays
1925 words (5.5 pages)

Essay about Brazil

- The name Brazil comes from Pau Brasil. There are around 145 million people living in Brazil, most of them near the coast. The population is growing rapidly and half of all Brazilians are under the age of 20. By the end of the century, it is estimated that Brazil’s population will have reached 180 million. Brazil borders on ten other Latin American countries. Most of the northern part of Brazil is low-lying and veined by the mighty Amazon River and its tributaries. The Amazon is the largest river in the world....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
2726 words (7.8 pages)

Brazil Essay

- Located in Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean with the total area at 8,511,965 sq km, is Brazil. Throughout time it has had a rich history that has not only effected but influenced its cultural dress. This Paper will cover Brazil's has a hot climate, diverse culture dew to slavery, and interestingly unique dress. As a result of its location, its climate is a tropical one, with flat rolling low lands, plains, and some hills. Some of the natural recourses of the area include: bauxite, gold, iron, nickel, ore, petroleum, phosphates, platinum, timber, tin, and uranium....   [tags: Geography]

Better Essays
1341 words (3.8 pages)