Essay about The Prevalence of Humanity

Essay about The Prevalence of Humanity

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“The defects of society [can be traced] back to the defects of human nature ... The shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” This idea, quoted from author William Golding, of a corrupt individual corrupting an otherwise idyllic society is exemplified many times over the course of human history: Joseph Stalin corrupts Karl Marx's idea of communism into a totalitarian government that eventually results in the death of tens of millions of his own people; Hitler uses the muse of a worker's government that would lift Germany out of the clasps of the Great Depression to rise to power so that he could fulfil his dreams of brutally exterminating humans he thought were incompetent or inferior due to factors such as disability, race, or sexual orientation. This idea of societal defects linking back to the defects of human nature is also reflected on in Animal Farm by George Orwell and Lord of the Flies by William Golding, reaching the conclusion that humanity will ultimately prevail, but only if it chooses to act against the forces of injustice.
Both the initial influences in the societies of Animal Farm and Lord of the Flies (Snowball and Ralph respectively) have striking similarities. Both of these leaders are more concerned about the long-term needs of the two societies, and not just the short-term ones. Snowball plans to construct a windmill that would supply energy necessary for warming the stalls in the winter and for operating machinery that would simplify the animals' jobs, but this requires cooperation from the animals because to complete the gruelling task of building the windmill, they would have to sacrifice some of their...


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... pigs, but they do not chose to defy Napoleon and reassert the rules of Animalism. Perhaps it is because they feel powerless in front of the newly formed authority that is Napoleon, his army of dogs, his swine supporters, and his human comrades; or, perhaps it is that the Rebellion has brought about a society that has reverted back to its original way (when Mr. Jones was in charge) even though the leadership has totally shifted, and this full-circle effect discourages the animals from having another rebellion. Orwell makes the more pessimistic argument that if no one were to mutiny against a tyrant, humanity would be sealed within the tyrant's wrath for a long time.
From the points made by Orwell and Golding, it can be inferred that humanity's fate rests solely on its ability to react and search for justice. According the philosophical theories of Sigmund Freud,

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