“The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has primary responsibility, under the Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security” (UNSecurity Council 2010).
The end of the 1980s and the 1990s has been marked by major changes in international relations, both as practice and as an academic discipline. The collapse of the multi-polar system in the world politics, fall of the Berlin Wall, the end of the Cold War and the beginning of some state level wars transformed the international peace affairs with the Security Council in the international cooperation to resolve conflicts. The debates on the United Nations Security Council become particularly vigorous after the cold war. Major concerns on the Security Council are over effectiveness and representation with demand for transparency in terms of its actions and decision (Basu, 2007; Taylor and Curtis, 2006; Luck, 2006).
This paper will attempt to look at various contributions of the United Nation Security Council from various scholars view in terms of its power and functions.
According to O’Byrne (2003:81) in his view, “the Security council is probably the most powerful of the UN’s organs and is responsible for peacekeeping, interventions, and sanctions against warring or rogue states”. Byrne further points that it is unreliable to consitently defend human rights standard and other rights related issues.
Similarly, Basu (2007: 63) enumerates the functions and powers of the Council as follows: (1) to maintain international peace and secuity in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations; (2) to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction; (3) to recomm...
... middle of paper ...
...10 Global Governance, Human Rights and Ctizenship. Class discussions
Maupas, S. ‘Case study: Yugoslav War Crime Tribunal’ in http://www.crimesofwar.org/thebook/yugoslav-warcrimes.html (accessed on 22 April, 2010)
O’Byrne, D. (2003) Human Rights: An Introduction Harlow: Pearson
Szaz, P. C. (2002) ‘UN Security Council Starts Legislating’ in American Journal of International Law. USA: American Society of Int Law Publication. Vol.96.4. Pg 901-905.
Taylor, P () the United Nations and International Order
Taylor, P and Curtis, D. (2006) ‘The United Nations’ in Baylis, J. Smith, S. and Owens, P. (ed) The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, New York: Oxford UniversityPress.pg 406-424 (first published in 2001).
SIPRI (2008) Yearbook: Armament, Disarmament and International Security. New York: Oxford Universty Press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Delegation from Represented by Russian Federation Palm Beach State College Position paper for the United Nations Security Council The international issues currently under discussion by the United Nations Security Council are: How to hand the current war with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, possible Measures that could be used to combat terrorism in Africa, and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security particularly in regards to Security Sector Reform (SSR). The Russian Federation hopes to come to be best solution for these problems with respects to every individual nation involved in the international community including those of the United Nations Security Council member stat... [tags: United Nations, United Nations Security Council]
1190 words (3.4 pages)
- Delegation from Represented by Russian Federation Palm Beach State College Position Paper for the Security Council The topics before the Security Council are: The Situation in Iraq; Measures to Combat Terrorism in Africa; and Maintenance of International Peace and Security: Security Sector Reform. The Russian Federation recognizes sovereignty and multilateralism as fundamental pillars for the peaceful and respectful coexistence among all members of the international community. We look forward to working with other delegations in order to achieve best results in our common endeavors.... [tags: United Nations, United Nations Security Council]
1280 words (3.7 pages)
- Position Paper for the Security Council The Republic of Senegal is delighted to be able to participate in one of the most, if not the most, important committee that are currently existing on the global level. There is no question that there are multiple issues current in the world right now that split the world in very difficult questions. When it comes to the issue of the Syrian Civil War, Terrorism in Africa, or Security Reform, it is important that the United Nations comes to a unified stand point in which every nation feels itself represented.... [tags: United Nations, Peacekeeping, Nigeria, Senegal]
1036 words (3 pages)
- The United Nations Security Council was set up in order to uphold and enforce the utopian ideals of international peace and security. This essay will argue that the UNSC is hampered in its goal by structural issues that impede international cooperation efforts for collective global peace and security. One of the issues examined in this essay are the adaptive failures of the UNSC in response to both global shifts in international relations philosophy and changes in power structure and politics. Another issue that will be argued is the flaws within the composition of the UNSC, especially in its ideas of regional representation and its primarily undemocratic setup.... [tags: International Government ]
2022 words (5.8 pages)
- Introduction The Security Council and the International Court of Justice, both were established around 60 years back, for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security by developing mutual faith and promoting cooperation between the countries who were the victims of the deadliest manslaughter that the world has ever witnessed, i.e. The World War II. In order to achieve the same objectives, in both the world vested enormous powers, so that in cases of conflicts peace can be restored through their intervention.... [tags: WWII, League of Nations]
1042 words (3 pages)
- The UN also poses a challenge to sovereignty through the obligations required of its members. Firstly, each member is required to make both military and financial contributions in order to allow the UN to function more effectively. By making this contribution a requirement instead of an option, the UN gains partial control over the economic and military sovereignty of its members. In reality, this poses little challenge to sovereignty as membership in the UN is freely entered into by states. The same can be said about international laws and norms- a “norm” being an international standard generally adhered to by the majority of states- implemented by the UN.... [tags: United Nations, United Nations Security Council]
1131 words (3.2 pages)
- In this paper I will argue that the inclusion of Human Security in the UN mandate does not necessarily make UN Missions more successful. In order to do this, I have considered two UN Missions in the Congo. I have compared the two interventions that the UN had to make in Congo, first in 1960 when the Human Security framework did not exist and later in the period after 1997-2006 when Human Security became an important consideration. I have also analyzed the role of other states that were involved in the Congo during the two interventions in the context of Realism and assessed if the generalizations contained therein were applicable in this situation.... [tags: Congo, Security]
2873 words (8.2 pages)
- The National Security State was challenged in the 1970s due to the diminished capacity of the United States to control world events, made evident by the defeat in Vietnam, and the unsustainable economic development that had started with president Lyndon B. Johnson and continued with president Richard Nixon. This challenge also impacted the Nixon administration and its decision-making process, including abuse of executive power, misleading the public, wiretappings of National Security Council employees, and justified it by saying “(…) freedom must sometimes be sacrificed for security.” When Ronald Reagan took over the presidency after Jimmy Carter, he continued the defense buildup thro... [tags: National Security State]
3165 words (9 pages)
- On June 12, 2009 the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1874 under chapter VII of the United Nations (UN) charter. The resolution responded to the decision of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) to challenge the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and previous resolution 1718 by testing a nuclear bomb on May 25, 2009. Resolution 1874 toughened security sanctions and widened the arms embargo already outlined in resolution 1718. This paper will use empirical evidence to analyze neorealism, hegemonic tools theory and constructivism as explanations for the actions of the Security Council in this case.... [tags: Political Science]
2277 words (6.5 pages)
- The nation has become dependent on technology, furthermore, cyberspace. It’s encompassed in everything we deliver in our daily lives, our phones, internet, communication, purchases, entertainment, flying airplane, launching missiles, operating nuclear plants, and implicitly, our protection. The more ever-growing technology empower Americans, the more they become prey to cyber threats. The United States Executive Office of the President stated, “The President identified cybersecurity as one of the top priorities of his administration in doing so, directed a 60-day review to assess polices.” (United States Executive Office of the President, 2009, p.2).... [tags: technology, phones, internet]
1732 words (4.9 pages)