In 1949, the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War was created to prohibit immoral, cruel and degrading punishment toward prisoners during wartime. The United States ratified this covenant and became a member of the Geneva Conventions. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, a series of human abuses occurred from October through December of 2003 where American military personnel have conducted acts of brutality and immoral behavior toward Iraqi detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison. The inhumane “interrogation method” of the American military have clearly violated Article 2 and 4 of the Geneva Conventions. Article 2.2 states “No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture”; Article 2.3 says “An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.” Similarly, Article 4.1 of the Geneva Conventions addresses that “Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture.” The Convention against Torture requires states to illegalize torture, and provide humane punishment for prisoners at war. The inhumane behavior conducted by the American military contradicts President Bush’s rhetoric in which he promised nations of the world that the United States stands with the other 135 nations under the ratification of Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The failure of provisio...
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Kellenberger, Jacob. “Protecting life and dignity: ‘No war is above international law’.” Financial Times. 2004. International Committee of the Red Cross. Web. 1 May, 2012.
Koh, Harol Hongju. “Can the President Be Torturer in Chief?” Yale Law School, 2006. Web. 15 May, 2012.
Lewis, Neil A. “ Red Cross Found Abuses at Abu Ghraib Last Year.” New York Times 11 May, 2004. Nytimes.com. Web. 20 Apr. 2012.
Puar, Jasbir K. “Abu Ghraib: Arguing against Exceptionalism.” Feminist Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, The Prison Issue (2004): 522-534. Web. 18 Apr. 2012.
“U.S. Abuses of Iraqi Detainees at Abu Ghraib Prison.” The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 98, No. 3 (2004): 591-596. JSTOR. Web. 19 Apr. 2012.
Van Courtland Moon, John Ellis, “The Death of Distinctions: From 9/11 to Abu Ghraib.” Politics and the Life Sciences, Vol. 23, No. 2 (2004): 2-12. Print.
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