At the end of World War I, the British Empire took control of the land, and imposed a monarchy on the region. However, in 1932 the British mandate came to an end, and the Iraqi people came in control of their newly independent country. Led by a series of kings, the country remained sufficiently stable and thrived off of discovered oil in the country. However, due to increased political oppression, a group known as “Free Officers” overthrew the monarchy and instituted a republic government on the land. (Iraq Foreign Policy, Brittanica, 2010)
Pre-invasion Iraq reflected the views and policies of its leader, Saddam Hussein, who made his first political appearance as a supporter of the Ba’ath Party. He was jailed in 1967 for this, and after his escape quickly rose to power within the faction. (Saddam Hussein Biography, 2008) Saddam became known for his political talent and progressiveness, and soon became a popular politician. After working on extensive unification and expansion efforts for the Ba’athists, the man rose to vice chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. Faced with a tremendous amount of religious, racial, social and economic divisions, Saddam launched a campaign of total control to bring about stability.
Ever the shrewd leader, Hussein realized that the primary way to ensure stability was to increase the standard of living. The fi...
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The Cost of War. (n.d.). National Priorities Project. Retrieved February 18, 2010, from http://www.costofwar.com/
Tripp, C. (2002). A History of Iraq (2 ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.
U.S. launches cruise missiles at Saddam. (2003, March 20). CNN.com. Retrieved February 18, 2010, from http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/03/19/sprj.irq.main/
UN Headquarters Bombing, Baghdad, Iraq. (n.d.). GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable Security Information. Retrieved February 18, 2010, from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/un-hq-baghdad-bombing.htm
Wright, R., & Knickmeyer, E. (2005, August 14). U.S. Lowers Sights On What Can Be Achieved in Iraq. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 18, 2010, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/08/13/AR2005081300853.html
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