However, Grafton did not look back to the Middle Ages which was the period between the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and the beginning of Italian Renaissance. People generally considered the Middle Ages as very dark era, where nothing happened except for plague, famine, and the well-known black death. People considered this period as stagnation that they believe there was no growth in the socioeconomic prospective. For example, they believe there were no development of new technology and no expansion of towns and city. ...
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...ugh many people considered the Middle Ages as an era where nothing happened, my paper conveys that point that lots of territorial, demographical, cultural, economic, and scientific developments took place in the Middle Age. I hope that people could abandon their stereotype of the Middle Ages and could come to learn this colorful time period.
1. Dating History: The Renaissance & the Reformation of Chronology, Anthony Grafton, Daedalus, Vol. 132, No. 2, On Time (Spring, 2003), pp. 74-85
2. North, J. (2004) God's Clockmaker: Richard of Wallingford and the Invention of Time. Oxbow Books.
3. The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History. By Douglass C. North and Robert Paul Thomas. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
4. Church time and merchant time in the Middle Ages, by Jacques Le Goff, Social Science Information 1970 9: 151
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