Essay about The Enlightenment Ideas and the Reforms of the French Revolution

Essay about The Enlightenment Ideas and the Reforms of the French Revolution

Length: 723 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview



Enlightenment ideas impacted reforms of the French revolution in a vast number of ways. These ideas especially in the areas of politics, society, and religion helped shape the policies of the French Revolution. The heliocentric view of the universe was formed and replaced the standard geocentric view. The government and political views of the people where greatly influenced by the Enlightenment ideas. For the first time people began to question the church and its teachings. Members of society until this time had gone along with the church and all the beliefs that they taught. The enlightenment ideas brought on new ways of thinking which did not exist before.

The Enlightenment or the “age of light” as it is referred to in Gavin Lewis’s WCIV, gave way to new ideas which reformed the French revolution. The scientific revolution questioned the long-held views that were in place of the universe. Up until this time the belief was that the Earth was at the center of the universe or the geocentric view, but Polish astronomer Copernicus’s heliocentric theory brought about a new prospective of the universe. The heliocentric view explained that the sun is the center of the universe and not the earth as it was believed to be for a long time. The heliocentric view brought about conflict within member of the church community. The traditional views were questioned and denied.

Enlightenment ideas brought about rejection towards the traditional views and customs of the church. These ideas taught society to use reason, knowledge and nature as a source and to be guided by. The Enlightenment brought about Deism and some even went as far as believing in atheism. The philosophes of the time believed that “God’s relation to the universe was li...


... middle of paper ...


...y the universe and its traditonal views were seen. This new view questioned and contradicted the church’s old beliefs. Members of the church community were angered by these new ideas. The philosophes of the time started to question religion and the exsistance of God which brought about Deism and atheism among the citizens of society. The government and political views of the people where massively influenced by the Enlightenment ideas. Many forms of government where impacted by these ideas. The form of government best influenced by Enlightenment ideas were those of Baron de Montesquieu a Frenchman and Enlightenment admirer of the time, who believed that a division of government was the way to protect people's liberty and prevent a tyranny. Furthermore, the Enlightenment ideas can be apparent in many areas of the reform of the French revolution to great extents.






Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Revolution Of The French Revolution Essay

- As the French Revolution came to a close in the late 18th century, France obtained a sense of disorganization and chaos. The French people had redesigned and razed the country 's political landscape, by uprooting the absolute monarchy and feudalistic system, while attempting to create a state of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights. On August 22 of 1795 the National Convention created the Directory in which the executive power of the country would lie. This only caused trouble in the France, as the Directory created financial crises and major political corruption....   [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire]

Better Essays
1282 words (3.7 pages)

Robespierre: Puppet of the Revolution Essay

- Robespierre, Puppet of the Times The time of the French Revolution was a turning point in the history of man. There had been plenty of revolutions before this one, and there have been plenty since. The coalition in time of many spectacular and world-changing developments met at the moment in history of the French Revolution. The Enlightenment brought ideas to the people which not only had never before been considered on a mass scale, but also make up the foundation of today's Constitution. The radical nature of the enlightenment combined with the raw power of the French Revolution changed many ways of the past into what they are now....   [tags: The French Revolution, World History]

Better Essays
1393 words (4 pages)

Effects Of The French Revolution On The World Essay examples

- The effects of the French Revolution still resonate in twenty-first century politics and western society. In a matter of years, the Old Regime, that had dominated European society for centuries, came to an abrupt and violent end. This world changing event has entranced historians since 1789 who sought to tease out necessary and sufficient causes for the revolution to begin. However, there is not one single cause, but a series of movements, material causes, intellectual causes, and events that coalesced in Paris during the eighteenth century to spark the French Revolution....   [tags: French Revolution, American Revolutionary War]

Better Essays
1500 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Enlightened Rulers: Frederick the Great vs. Joseph II

- ... The promotion of knowledge enhanced schools throughout the country and allowed scholars to publish their discoveries. Laws were simplified resulting in the eradication of torture except in the cases of treason and murder. Frederick the Great believed that materialized changes only stimulated the upper layers of a social structure. Prussian Junkers were granted complete control over serfs which subsided the serf’s previously limited power. Joseph II of Austria acquainted reforms to strengthen the central bureaucracy by smoothing out differences between states and modifying the tax system to reverse the exclusion of nobles from land tax....   [tags: reason, reforms, change, revolution]

Better Essays
579 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Rebirth of Hellenism during the Enlightenment

- The Enlightenment was the highlight of the eighteenth century because it brought about dramatic change that was a rebirth of the classical ideas of Greece and Rome. This philosophical, cultural, and social movement spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe as a result of the unsuccessful ways of feudalism. It resulted in an intelligent and more aware society due to the revival of government, philosophy, and morals. To begin with, the Enlightenment applied scientific methods to the study of human society just as prominent philosophers of Ancient Greece and Rome....   [tags: Literature]

Better Essays
1344 words (3.8 pages)

Causes of the French Revolution Essay

- Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution was essentially a class war between the emerging Bourgeoisie against the Privileged class, this meant they saw the Privileged class as the only hurdle between themselves and equality within French society. Many of the ideas they pursued stemmed from the enlightenment and they believed that in order to gain their full economic, social and political potential and gain equality, the Bourgeoisie had to eradicate the privileges that were halting their rise in society....   [tags: History France French Revolution Essays]

Better Essays
2219 words (6.3 pages)

Essay on Napoleon and the Enlightenment

- Napoleon and the Enlightenment The enlightenment was a time of great learning throughout Europe during the eighteenth century. Although the period is significant for scientific and other scholastic advancements, it is most important because it allowed for the opening of great minds—such as that of Napoleon Bonaparte. Shortly after this enlightenment made its way through Europe, revolution and civil war ripped through France between 1879 and 1899. The unrest of the time called for a strong ruler....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
960 words (2.7 pages)

European Enlightenment Essay

- Enlightenment The enlightenment was the growth of thought of European thinkers in the 1600’s. The spread of enlightenment was a result of the Scientific Revolution during the 1500’s and 1600’s. It resulted as a need to use reason to distribute human laws. It also came about from a need to solve social, political and economic problems. Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier built the framework for modern chemistry during the enlightenment. Edward Jenner built a vaccine against smallpox, a deadly disease....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
627 words (1.8 pages)

Review of Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World written by Roy Porter

- In the book, Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World written by Roy Porter, he explains how Britain was affected by the enlightenment in a social, economic and cultural way. Porter's discussion of the British enlightenment shows just how important this era was, and that is often played down in the history of the enlightenment; due to other more significant and well known industrial revolution, like the one in the States. The essence of Porter's argument is that Britain did, in fact, have an enlightenment as vibrant and relevant as those more studied enlightenments in France or the rest of Europe, but that started earlier with ideas that influenced freedom, toleration, an...   [tags: thinking, women, changes]

Better Essays
663 words (1.9 pages)

The French Revolution Essay

- ... King Louis wanted to increase the taxes of the Third Estate to pay off the debts, which made the peasants even angrier, which will be talked about in the next paragraph. King Louis came into power at the age of 20, and he put most of the financial duties to Turgot, one of the best statesmen. When he finally realized the French Revolution was a big problem, all his attempts to stop it were all in vain because he didn’t know what to do since he had entrusted most of his responsibilities to the people below him....   [tags: peasants, middle class, king louis]

Better Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)