twentieth century Caribbean woman writers, are as complicated as they are vast. These authors show
that families continue to struggle with separation, poverty, and cultural identity issues that create extra
ordinary difficulties for the families who live on these post-colonial islands. It can be argued that all
families have struggles, both internal and external, and while this is undoubtedly true, the struggles that
the families described in these novels endure have a direct connection to their colonized past and the
influences of the colonizer, still felt by the countries colonized and their people. The abolition of
slavery in these islands did not eliminate the special problems that the former slaves, now inhabitants,
would inherit, nor did it eliminate the effects or consequences that these issues would create for the
One of the most prevalent concerns for these families is that of separation, both literally and
emotionally, due to differences in the family members interpretation and acceptance of their own
cultural identity. We can see literal family separation in Jamaica Kincaid's “Annie John,” through both
the emigration of Annie's mother, from the Dominican to Antigua, to Annie's eventual immigration to
England. These literal separations of family are derived from economical and educational reasons.
Annie John leaves Antigua, and her family, at the age of sixteen to pursue a continued education that
she can not find in her own country. We can see the emotional toll this has on Annie as she describes
her conflicted feelings on her departure: “My mother and my father...
... middle of paper ...
colonizer. The authors of these novels show us a glimpse of what it was and is like growing up and
living in a post-colonial country. Their mouths have been the mouth of misfortunes which have no
Cesaire, Aime. "Xcesaire." Instructional Web Server -. Web. 20 Nov. 2010.
Danticat, Edwidge. Krik? Krak! New York: Vintage, 1996. Print.
Edgell, Zee. Beka Lamb. London: Heinemann, 1982. Print.
Estimates, By Some. "Haiti Earthquake Six Months Later: Where Do Things Stand? - ABC News." ABCNews.com - ABCNews.com: Breaking News, Vote 2010 Elections, Politics, World News,Good Morning America, Exclusive Interviews - ABC News. Web. 24 Nov. 2010.
Kincaid, Jamaica. Annie John. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1985. Print.
Marshall, Paule. Praisesong for the Widow. New York: Plume, 1983. Print.
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