The Contrast between Gothic Architecture and Romanesque Architecture Essay

:: 5 Works Cited
Length: 1929 words (5.5 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The Romanesque and Gothic architecture period both occurred during the Middle Ages with the Gothic period taking place during the later half. Gothic and Romanesque architecture were related in many ways, but they also contrasted in style too. Over time, masons began to test the waters and push the limits. They thought of new ways to add lighting and ways to allow more height to the building without it being to heavy and weak. Many of the reasons for the change in styles had a lot to do with society and the changes it faced. There was a greater intensity occurring in piety and literature. The Gothic style embodied this new urban society. Romanesque and Gothic shared similar characteristics, but Gothic architecture was a greater departure from its previous predecessor.
The Romanesque architecture style, which occurred during the late 11th century to the middle 12th century, literally means “roman-like” architecture. The Romans, who were inspired by the Etruscans, used barreled and groined vaulting. Romanesque architects later adapted the use of rounded arches, giving the style its name. The Romanesque style, being inspired by the Roman architecture, used the plan of the basilica style. Romanesque cathedrals were not originally designed for aesthetic purposes. Romanesque style replaced flat wood ceilings with stone vaulting. It was one of the first styles to use mainly all stone, but the walls of the Romanesque cathedrals were built very thickly. They were almost like a fortress. Romanesque cathedrals had few windows as a result of their thick walls so the churches were very dark. In a sense, this echoed the life that was outside of these sanctuaries’ walls during the Middle Ages.
Some Romanesque characteristics in architecture wer...

... middle of paper ...

... the use of colorful stained glass windows and flying buttresses. The Gothic style was something awe-inspiring. Masons challenged gravity to create works of art that literally reached the heavens.

Works Cited

Camille, Michael. Gothic Art: Glorious Visions. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall, 1996. Print.
Camille, Michael. Gothic Art: Glorious Visions. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall, 1996. 12. Print.
Frankl, Paul, and Paul Crossley. Gothic Architecture. New Haven: Yale UP, 2000. Print.
Mike. "The Evolution of Gothic Architecture." Aquinas Multimedia. Aquinas Multimedia, 12 May 2008. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
Wilson, Christopher. "Thirteenth-Century Gothic." The Gothic Cathedral: the Architecture of the Great Church 1130-1530. Reprinted ed. London: Thames & Hudson, 2008. 91-120. Print.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on Gothic Architecture in Europe - The research paper, shall be concerned with discussion Gothic architecture in Europe-namely England, France, Germany, and Italy starting from 12th to the 16th Centuries. Architecture was the most original and lasting form of art during the Gothic Period, which lasted for four centuries starting from the mid 12th century. The impetus for this architecture was the Roman Catholic Church, which sought to portray their houses of worship as something which transcended the realm of mankind. It is interesting to note that many of the Northern European areas were predominately pagan, and only recently brought into the Church....   [tags: Architecture] 1888 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Renaissance and Medieval Architecture - The Renaissance Era is remembered as the age of revival of Greco-Roman or of the old antiquity in Europe. But what caused this revival. The Medieval Era, or Middle Ages was Renaissance’s predecessor. During the Medieval Era, Gothic and Romanesque Architecture was seen throughout Europe. Since Renaissance followed the Middle Ages, it is possible to describe their differences throughout Europe. The changes that happened throughout culture, religion, ideology, and government ultimately led the people of the Renaissance Era to express their skills in architecture, sciences, arts, and etc....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]
:: 4 Works Cited
2528 words
(7.2 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Essay - Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The 11th to 15th centuries saw a great surge of the Christian Church within Europe which was emphasized by the persuasiveness of the Crusades. The growing population of the Church increased the demand for the increased presence in architectural monuments and during the Romanesque and Gothic periods, a great cathedral construction boom occurred across Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles were distinctive in not only the massiveness of the Romanesque monuments and the introduction of the cruciform plan but also for the introduction of the Gothic era art within the Cathedrals which included the inclusion of art the radiating Rose Window, co...   [tags: History Architectural gothic Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1140 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Essay - Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Art is constantly changing because of influential people with great ideas. The Romanesque, and Gothic periods are no different. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, many Germanic tribes called the “Goths” adopted Christianity and gave birth to the Gothic art style, which is mostly present in architecture, that spanned from the 1200s to the 1300s. During the 1000s and the1100s the church began taking hold of Europe to become what was known as The Holy Roman empire, this period is known as the Romanesque period or “Period of the Church Triumphant”....   [tags: christianity, decorations, buildings] 631 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Romanesque Architecture versus Gothic Architecture - ... There are also large towers and arcades with great detail located throughout the buildings. Most of the layouts for the buildings were very symmetrical and often appeared very simplistic especially when compared to later Gothic styles. Most windows were small and did not allow a lot of light into the buildings so they were often dimly lit. A great example of Romanesque architecture is the Piazza dei Miracoli which use to be known as Piaxxa del Duomo and is located in Pisa, Tuscany, Italy. It is inside a large walled off area and is considered one of the foremost architectural buildings in the world and is an important part of European medieval art....   [tags: wealth, grow, innovate, create, structures] 706 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about La Sainte Chapelle in Paris - ... As Abbot Suger noted, there is a heavenly spiritual light symbolized through the glow of the stained glass windows. In order for the space to provide self-reflection, it is light which serves in the service and as the embodiment in the gaze (Stern, Pg. 26). Rebecca Stern writes on the power of light with vision and visibility: “That which is light looks at me, and by means of that light in the depths of my eye, something is paint-something that is not simply a constructed relation, the object on which the philosopher lingers-but something that is an impression, the shimmering of a surface....   [tags: gothic style churches in France] 1233 words
(3.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture Essay - Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture Missing Figures Where are you when you wake up. Where are you when you are learning. Where are you when you go to pray. Where are you when you go to work. Where are you when you are having fun. The answer is that you are in a building or structure of some kind and style. All of the buildings and structures that one sees around them is designed and built with much thought and care. They are all designed and built by what we call architecture. According to Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary architecture is “the art or science of building; specifically: the art or practice of designing and building structures and especially habitable ones, a method or s...   [tags: Architectural Style Buildings Essays] 2177 words
(6.2 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Gothic Arches Versus Romanesque Arches Essay - Thesis, Argument Outline, and Evidence In the late 12th century the Romanesque period of style morphed into the Gothic period of style. The Romanesque period was characterized by the following: thick walls, barrel/round arches, supporting groin vaults, and thick buttresses (Calkins 1998, 110). The Gothic period was characterized by the following: thin walls, pointed arches, stained glass, and flying buttresses (Icher 1998, 20-30). During the early medieval years, the use of thick walls in building a church or cathedral was not only to create a stable monumental building but to help protect the building during wars or battles....   [tags: Architecture]
:: 5 Works Cited
1169 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Saint Sernin Of Toulouse And Notre Dame Of Paris Essay - Saint Sernin of Toulouse and Notre Dame of Paris      When one thinks of St. Sernin and Notre Dame, one tends to think of two beautiful cathedrals, not to churches that portray two totally different styles of architecture. Those two styles are, of course, Romanesque in St. Sernin and the Gothic style of Notre Dame. Some characteristics that these two buildings share include quest for height, basic floor plan, and artistic flair. The period of Romanesque architecture, which lasted roughly from 1050 A.D....   [tags: Architecture Compare Contrast Essays] 694 words
(2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals Essay - Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals....   [tags: Architecture History Essays]
:: 5 Works Cited
1286 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]