The Contrast between Gothic Architecture and Romanesque Architecture Essay

The Contrast between Gothic Architecture and Romanesque Architecture Essay

Length: 1929 words (5.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Romanesque and Gothic architecture period both occurred during the Middle Ages with the Gothic period taking place during the later half. Gothic and Romanesque architecture were related in many ways, but they also contrasted in style too. Over time, masons began to test the waters and push the limits. They thought of new ways to add lighting and ways to allow more height to the building without it being to heavy and weak. Many of the reasons for the change in styles had a lot to do with society and the changes it faced. There was a greater intensity occurring in piety and literature. The Gothic style embodied this new urban society. Romanesque and Gothic shared similar characteristics, but Gothic architecture was a greater departure from its previous predecessor.
The Romanesque architecture style, which occurred during the late 11th century to the middle 12th century, literally means “roman-like” architecture. The Romans, who were inspired by the Etruscans, used barreled and groined vaulting. Romanesque architects later adapted the use of rounded arches, giving the style its name. The Romanesque style, being inspired by the Roman architecture, used the plan of the basilica style. Romanesque cathedrals were not originally designed for aesthetic purposes. Romanesque style replaced flat wood ceilings with stone vaulting. It was one of the first styles to use mainly all stone, but the walls of the Romanesque cathedrals were built very thickly. They were almost like a fortress. Romanesque cathedrals had few windows as a result of their thick walls so the churches were very dark. In a sense, this echoed the life that was outside of these sanctuaries’ walls during the Middle Ages.
Some Romanesque characteristics in architecture wer...


... middle of paper ...


... the use of colorful stained glass windows and flying buttresses. The Gothic style was something awe-inspiring. Masons challenged gravity to create works of art that literally reached the heavens.



Works Cited

Camille, Michael. Gothic Art: Glorious Visions. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall, 1996. Print.
Camille, Michael. Gothic Art: Glorious Visions. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall, 1996. 12. Print.
Frankl, Paul, and Paul Crossley. Gothic Architecture. New Haven: Yale UP, 2000. Print.
Mike. "The Evolution of Gothic Architecture." Aquinas Multimedia. Aquinas Multimedia, 12 May 2008. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.
.
Wilson, Christopher. "Thirteenth-Century Gothic." The Gothic Cathedral: the Architecture of the Great Church 1130-1530. Reprinted ed. London: Thames & Hudson, 2008. 91-120. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Gothic Architecture in Europe

- The research paper, shall be concerned with discussion Gothic architecture in Europe-namely England, France, Germany, and Italy starting from 12th to the 16th Centuries. Architecture was the most original and lasting form of art during the Gothic Period, which lasted for four centuries starting from the mid 12th century. The impetus for this architecture was the Roman Catholic Church, which sought to portray their houses of worship as something which transcended the realm of mankind. It is interesting to note that many of the Northern European areas were predominately pagan, and only recently brought into the Church....   [tags: Architecture]

Term Papers
1888 words (5.4 pages)

The West Facade Of Notre Dame Essay

- This image is of the west facade of Notre Dame. This building was constructed by Bishop Fulbert in the 12th century, but construction continued until 1220 and was completed by Geoffroy de Lèves. The facade is built out of cut stone with ornamental stained glass throughout and was completed in Gothic style. It is located at its original location in Chartres, France. The cathedral incorporates many elements of Gothic architecture. What is most notable is the mismatched towers. One is more noticeably in Romanesque style, with a tall spire adorning its top....   [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]

Term Papers
1161 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Gothic Architecture : Gothic And Romanesque Architecture

- Imagine sweeping columns and soaring arches. Beautiful towers reach hundreds of meters into the sky after many years of laborious toil. Each feature differs and has its own unique qualities. Such descriptions encompass the scope of Gothic and Romanesque Architecture around the medieval period Europe. Each was designed for a different feel; as civility and people evolved, Romanesque style gradually became Gothic. Gothic and Romanesque architectures vastly impact society in their own unique ways but still have the same overall goal in their physical characteristics, complex meanings, art-history values, and modern roles....   [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]

Term Papers
855 words (2.4 pages)

Romanesque Architecture : The Medieval Period Essay

- The Medieval period, which occurred in the years 401 until 1500, is a time in European history that fostered the development and widespread use of various architectural styles. Many structures built during this time still survive to this day, including St. Michael’s Church in Germany and Chartres Cathedral in France. Two of the most common and famous types of architecture during this period were the Romanesque and Gothic styles. Romanesque architecture borrows many of the same innovative engineering techniques the Romans used to build the structures of their vast and powerful empire, such as the rounded arch....   [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture, Arch]

Term Papers
1126 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Renaissance and Medieval Architecture

- The Renaissance Era is remembered as the age of revival of Greco-Roman or of the old antiquity in Europe. But what caused this revival. The Medieval Era, or Middle Ages was Renaissance’s predecessor. During the Medieval Era, Gothic and Romanesque Architecture was seen throughout Europe. Since Renaissance followed the Middle Ages, it is possible to describe their differences throughout Europe. The changes that happened throughout culture, religion, ideology, and government ultimately led the people of the Renaissance Era to express their skills in architecture, sciences, arts, and etc....   [tags: European Renaissance Essays]

Term Papers
2528 words (7.2 pages)

Gothic Art And Its Impact On Gothic Architecture Essay examples

- Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century AD to the end of the 16th century. It was a particular style of Medieval art and was led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture, established by the Basilica of St Denis. Through the influence of historical design methods, such as Islamic/Romanesque architecture and the impact the spread of Christianity had on Europe, Abbot Suger was able to develop a new style of architecture through his reconstruction of St Denis....   [tags: Gothic architecture, Romanesque architecture]

Term Papers
784 words (2.2 pages)

Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Essay

- Romanesque and Gothic Architecture The 11th to 15th centuries saw a great surge of the Christian Church within Europe which was emphasized by the persuasiveness of the Crusades. The growing population of the Church increased the demand for the increased presence in architectural monuments and during the Romanesque and Gothic periods, a great cathedral construction boom occurred across Europe. The Romanesque and Gothic architectural styles were distinctive in not only the massiveness of the Romanesque monuments and the introduction of the cruciform plan but also for the introduction of the Gothic era art within the Cathedrals which included the inclusion of art the radiating Rose Window, co...   [tags: History Architectural gothic Essays]

Term Papers
1140 words (3.3 pages)

Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Essay

- Romanesque v. Gothic Architecture Art is constantly changing because of influential people with great ideas. The Romanesque, and Gothic periods are no different. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, many Germanic tribes called the “Goths” adopted Christianity and gave birth to the Gothic art style, which is mostly present in architecture, that spanned from the 1200s to the 1300s. During the 1000s and the1100s the church began taking hold of Europe to become what was known as The Holy Roman empire, this period is known as the Romanesque period or “Period of the Church Triumphant”....   [tags: christianity, decorations, buildings]

Term Papers
631 words (1.8 pages)

Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture Essay

- Gothic vs. Romanesque Architecture Missing Figures Where are you when you wake up. Where are you when you are learning. Where are you when you go to pray. Where are you when you go to work. Where are you when you are having fun. The answer is that you are in a building or structure of some kind and style. All of the buildings and structures that one sees around them is designed and built with much thought and care. They are all designed and built by what we call architecture. According to Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary architecture is “the art or science of building; specifically: the art or practice of designing and building structures and especially habitable ones, a method or s...   [tags: Architectural Style Buildings Essays]

Term Papers
2177 words (6.2 pages)

Saint Sernin Of Toulouse And Notre Dame Of Paris Essay

- Saint Sernin of Toulouse and Notre Dame of Paris      When one thinks of St. Sernin and Notre Dame, one tends to think of two beautiful cathedrals, not to churches that portray two totally different styles of architecture. Those two styles are, of course, Romanesque in St. Sernin and the Gothic style of Notre Dame. Some characteristics that these two buildings share include quest for height, basic floor plan, and artistic flair. The period of Romanesque architecture, which lasted roughly from 1050 A.D....   [tags: Architecture Compare Contrast Essays]

Term Papers
694 words (2 pages)