The Constraints on Military Change Between 1660-1789 Essay

The Constraints on Military Change Between 1660-1789 Essay

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By the end and beginning of the 16th and 17th century, Ottoman state and society mixed features from the Classical Age and conversion to recent world systemic changes. On the one hand, the base of state-society relations and the structure of Ottoman rule at the center and in the provinces shifted as a series of minor modifications brought about certain rest of control and a certain running that allowed movement in and out of otherwise closed units. At the same time, the state sticked to the ethics of centralization while redefining the ways it might be accomplished. On the other hand, the legacy of the sixteenth century all over Eurasia resulted in the crisis of the seventeenth century. The Ottoman Empire experienced a disconcerting demographic changeover; it survived fluctuations in the monetary system; it overworked under the effects of the price anarchy; and, finally, it noticed the West emanate as a stronger adversary than before. Both state and society adapted to reoriginate flume of transformation. The state adapted its institutional mechanisms to cope with these changes inside the domain of Ottoman dogma. “Advances in technology during the later Middle Ages resulted in new weapons which gradually modified all aspects of war between 1450-1700. The concomitant increase in the size of armed forces ultimately causing profound changes to the nature and government of the state. Micheal Roberts has argued that these developments occurred principally between 1550- and 1650, a period which he dubbed the 'Military Revolution'. Geoffrey Parker had extended Roberts's thesis to encompass the three centuries between 1500 and 1800, stressing the contribution of the new military methods to the European acquistion of overseas empire. Th...

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...amalgamation and control, the Ottomans constructed a military and executive structure that was capable to penetrate the remote areas of the empire. More significant, they maneuverd a system in which the faithfulness of members of the military and administrative apparatuses was virtually unchallenged. The state made these men for its own aims and rewarded them through its own channels, tying their livelihood, rewards, and status to itself through methods of divide and rule. This was partly the reason for the long-lasting success of the state; even as economic and military ills hit them, officials looked for rewards from the state and tried to advance within the state apparatus rather than challenge it.

Works Cited

The Genesis of Modern Warfare: A Military Revolution?

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