The Causes of Substance Abuse Essay

The Causes of Substance Abuse Essay

Length: 2377 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Substance abuse is an issue that has disseminated in the society and is often regarded as the relic of a thoughtless materialism. A false belief regarding addicted individuals seems to be ingrained in the minds of the majority of the population (Sadava, 1987). This belief is very often accompanied by appalling mental images of addicts and a highly judgmental attitude (Sadava, 1987). As a result, the causes of addiction are still wrapped in obscurity. This paper aims to outline the most basic reasons that lead to substance abuse and dependency, from the early developmental stage until late adolescence.
First of all, when a child-bearing woman is using drugs, the substances are being transferred to the foetus through the umbilical cord (Bashmore, Ketchum, Staisch, Barrett, & Zimmermann, 1981). As a consequence, the foetus experiences the same physical symptoms as its mother, such as blood intoxication and spasms (Bashmore et al, 1981; Kreek, Nielsen, Butelmann, & LaForge, 2005). Substance abuse during pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortion, heart defects and low birth weight (Bashmore et al., 1981), as well as behavioral problems and addiction proneness for the offspring (Bashmore et al., 1981; Jêdrzejczak, 2005). More specifically, substance abuse during pregnancy can elicit a series of chemical reactions in the developing brain of the foetus (Kreek et al., 2005). As a result, in the future life of the offspring, an environmental or a psychological stimulus may be enough to lead to substance abuse (Kreek et al., 2005).
The experiences an individual has during his or her childhood are considered equally important prognosticators for using drugs. Witnessing a parent or a caretaker abusing substances is considered as an ...


... middle of paper ...


...r and public policy. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Sihvola, E., Rose, R. J., Dick, D. M., Pulkkinen, L., Marttunen, M., & Kaprio, J. (2008). Early onset depressive disorders predict the use of addictive substances in adolescence: A prospective study of adolescent Finnish twins. Addiction, 103(12), 2045-2053. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02363.x
Spooner, C. (1999). Causes and correlates of adolescent drug abuse and implications for treatment. Drug and Alcohol Review, 18(4), 453-475. doi:10.1080/09595239996329
van Dalen, A. (2001). Juvenile violence and addiction: Tangled roots in childhood trauma. Journal of Social Work Practice in The Addictions, 1(1), 25-40. doi:10.1300/J160v01n01_04
Zimić, J., & Jukić, V. (2012). Familial risk factors favoring drug addiction onset. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 44(2), 173-185. doi:10.1080/02791072.2012.685408



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Drug Abuse And Substance Abuse Essay example

- Illegal drug abuse and substance abuse in general is a pervasive social issue in the United States and the world at large, tearing apart lives and often condemning those addicted to a life in poverty. Often, people perceive substance abuse to be an entirely (or mostly) urban phenomenon, that chaotic “city” life is a magnet for substance abuse whilst life in a tightly knit “small town” is likely to discourage the practice. However, this is entirely a misconception; substance abuse does occur in rural communities, and where it does it perhaps is more prevalent than in urban areas....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse]

Powerful Essays
753 words (2.2 pages)

Substance Abuse : Drugs And Alcohol Essay

- Substance Abuse Starting drugs and alcohol can be something that may start off as being an occasional event and result in a bad habit. Most homeless people are in the predicament they are in because of drug and alcohol abuse. Addiction and being peer-pressured can be major causes of substance abuse. Abusing alcohol and drugs can be highly affective to the life of the individual. It can rob them of everything including their job, family, friends, and even themselves. Substance abuse is both a cause and a result of homelessness....   [tags: Child abuse, Abuse, Domestic violence]

Powerful Essays
1458 words (4.2 pages)

Description of Substance Abuse Disorders Essay

- The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines addiction as a, “chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. From this it considers addiction as a brain disease because drugs change the brain - they change its structure and how it works.” Changes in the brain can be long lasting as well as having the possibility of leading to progress the harmful behaviors demonstrated in people who abuse substances.. In the past decade, there has been an escalating awareness by the scientific community that substance abuse disorders are medical disorders with biologic, chemical, and environmental causes....   [tags: drug abuse, addiction, withdrawal syndrome]

Powerful Essays
627 words (1.8 pages)

The Dangers Behind Substance Abuse Essay

- Genaviv Alcantara Mr. Russell English I 13 May 2016 The Dangers behind Substance Abuse Each year in America, 470,000 more people die of drug over dose than of murder (FBI). This statistic shows the lack of self-control in situations, and leaves one confused about their own lives and decisions. Drug abuse is not addiction, it is misusing the medical advances made to enhance health, wellness and daily life. This misunderstanding of drugs leads to intake for self-indulgence and leaves an individual to use drugs in reducing stress, agony, boredom, and peer pressure....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse, Drugs]

Powerful Essays
1377 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Substance Abuse Treatment Instead of Incarceration?

- Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]

Powerful Essays
2229 words (6.4 pages)

Teen Substance Abuse Essay

- Many teens in this generation struggle with drug abuse. Drug abuse is the habit of taking addictive or illegal substances. When using them they can cause serious health problems. It can also possibly ruin a life. What causes some teenagers to use drugs. Many factors contribute to the leading causes of drug abuse, a few are: easy access, social acceptance, and emotional issues. Why is substance abuse increasing throughout adolescents. Teens become curious to experiment with drugs when they hear about them and see them....   [tags: Drug Abuse Essays]

Powerful Essays
1476 words (4.2 pages)

Etiology Of Substance Abuse Among Humans Essay

- Etiology of Substance Abuse Substance abuse among humans is something that is largely studied but also largely misunderstood. Humans vary so much in their reactions to substances that it is hard to decipher how one does become an abuser. Over the centuries of research in the addictions field, there has been many different rationales given as support for substance abuse disorder. Some of these reasons were that the person had low moral values, that the person has a disease in which caused the addiction to form, and that the individual is being influenced by their surroundings, whether genetic or not to cause an addiction to form....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse]

Powerful Essays
1931 words (5.5 pages)

Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey Essay

- The Discrepancy Statement The Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey recognizes in the Osceola County Report (2014) that 18.0% White Non-Hispanic, 50.1% Hispanic and 9.9% African American in Osceola County School District abuse illicit substances. To address, prevent and decrease the probability of drug addiction by Hispanic students of the two chosen high schools from Osceola County by at least 3% in approximately one year. As noticeably in chart one and two the prevalent student populations in these schools are Hispanic groups....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse]

Powerful Essays
1033 words (3 pages)

Essay about Drug Addiction : Substance Abuse And Mental Health

- Drug Addiction Over 24 million United States residents 12 and older are facing drug addiction, but shockingly only 10 percent will obtain help from an expert facility (“Substance Abuse and Mental Health”). Abuse and addiction negatively effects the addict along with humanity. An estimated $600 billion is spent annually as a result of substance abuse. As surprising as this number may be, it does not explain the depth of damaging public health and safety implications of drug addiction, essentially there may be child abuse, domestic violence, and loss of employment (“Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction”)....   [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse]

Powerful Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

Substance Abuse Is A Mental Disorder Essay

- Substance abuse is a mental disorder that has numerous negative effects to everyone involved. When a person has an addiction they turn into someone different, their brain chemistry is changed and brain cells are lost. From a nursing standpoint there are many things we must consider when caring for a person who has an addiction. Keywords: Substance abuse, Addiction, Effects Substance Abuse I am suddenly awakened in the middle if the night by my phone that is ringing with a desperate tone, I answer to hear the dreaded words, “I 'm in the back of a cop car and need you to come get me.” This is just part of what it’s like to live in the house of a substance abuser....   [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Heroin, Withdrawal]

Powerful Essays
1309 words (3.7 pages)