The Bays of Pigs Invasion

The Bays of Pigs Invasion

Length: 982 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Bays of Pigs Invasion

The Bay of Pigs was one of the most important political decisions in the history of the United States. Its effects are still being felt to today, especially in the Cuban communities of the United States. The decisions that were made by the highest offices of our government showed us that the United States was, and is, far from perfect. They constructed a plan that wasn't completely thought through and paid a major price -- global embarrassment. They took the chance to destroy the communist threat that was quite close to our shores and, in the process, made the CIA and our government look incompetent.

First, I will give some background information on the conflict. In 1960, President Eisenhower gave the CIA the order to begin training Cuban exiles to oppose Castro's rule in Cuba and having them lead resistance groups within Cuba. Therefore, we would have a force already in the country to slow down Cuban Forces when our invaders landed. It didn't quite work out this way. When the American troops landed on April 19, 1961, they made it only a little way inland. At that point, they were met by a force much greater than they had planned on. We figured that the Cuban people were upset with Castro so they wouldn't want to give much of a fight. What happened was that the military fought with great pride for their country and pushed the American troops back to the landing site. There, the forces either surrendered or fled to safety. 1500 troops landed on the coast. Over 100 of them were killed and many more were captured. In many ninds, the invasion was a complete failure for the American military.

The main reason, and possibly the lone reason, for the Bay of Pigs invasion was to stop communism from reaching our country. This meant that the United States government wanted to provoke a counterrevolution in which democracy would be restored and all traces of communism would, subsequently, be destroyed. They tried this by sending the aforementioned group of Cubans into Cuba, an obviously unsuccessful tactic. They also decided to spend thousands of dollars on propaganda against Cuba. Articles, posters, and even comic books were written and distributed to spread cynicism towards Castro and his government. The other method used to spread propaganda was to drop over 1 million flyers over Cuba, hopefully convincing the people to rise up against Castro.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Bays of Pigs Invasion." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Jul 2018
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=155027>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Bay of Pigs Invasion Essay

- Summary In 1961, around one thousand three hundred Cuban exiles, backed with US armory, invaded the Bay of Pigs on the hope to overthrow the Cuban Government lead by Fidel Castro. Prior to John F. Kennedy´s election as President, former President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his administration developed the plan of invasion, which would be led by the CIA and it would be up to President Kennedy to move forward with the plan or abort it. However, on his attempt to minimize the risks that this would entail, President Kennedy denied permission for the US Air Force to back up the Cuban exiles....   [tags: historical, political and strategical analysis]

Research Papers
1476 words (4.2 pages)

Bay Of Pigs Invasion Essay

- Introduction When it comes to the Bay of Pigs invasion, there is one underlining reason why it occurred. That is because the U.S. did not want Fidel Castro in power in Cuba. But why. That is the basis of my paper. I plan on explaining why the U.S. government wanted Fidel Castro out of power. I plan to do this by using two levels of analysis. Through state and global analysis, you will understand why the Bay of Pigs invasion occurred. State Level Analysis The state level analysis deals with three distinctions....   [tags: American History]

Free Essays
1216 words (3.5 pages)

Bay of Pigs Invasion Essay

- Bay of Pigs Invasion In Cube on April 17, 1961, the United States was supposed to be apart of a missile attack. Many people were killed during this time and the whole thing became a complete failure. A week before the actual bombing was to occur, Kennedy had withdrawn his order to land aerial cover (Morrissey). This loss of nerve at a critical moment in time had caused the failure at the Bay of Pigs (Fernandez-Zayes). Kennedy’s decision to cancel air strikes was the result of the loss at the Bay of Pigs....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
597 words (1.7 pages)

Bay Of Pigs Essay

- In an attempt to over throw the Cuban government the United States fully funded and planned the invasion of southern Cuba also know as the Bay of Pigs Invasion. The U.S. had landed armed Cuban exiles in southern Cuba in attempting to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro in 1961.this marked the climax of anti Cuban U.S. actions. The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion was caused by misinformation lack of strategic planning and mismanagement, the consequences of that was 2x4 to the face for the Americans and a major increase in tensions between the two super powers of the world during the cold war....   [tags: US History Cuba Bay Pigs]

Free Essays
971 words (2.8 pages)

America’s Doomed Invasion of the Bay of Pigs by Jim Rasenberger Essay

- Plan of Investigation This investigation seeks to assess the level of impact that the failure of the American backed invasion force at the Bay of Pigs in 1961 had on the Kennedy administration’s relations with Cuba. This investigation will evaluate the statements and opinions about Cuba made by John F. Kennedy during his campaign and before the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion with Kennedy’s actions taken and decisions made regarding Cuba after the Bay of Pigs invasion to determine the degree of influence this event on American foreign policy with Cuba....   [tags: Foreign Policy, liberals, conservatives]

Research Papers
1255 words (3.6 pages)

Cuba in the Cold War Essay

- ... They US had six ships that were used during the invasion. The Cuban army discovered the US ships entering the bay early. Four of them held 1400 Cuban exiles and landing craft, the other two ships held ammunition, food and other supplies necessary for the invasion. The remaining FAR air force was dispatched to intercept and attack the ships. The bombers successfully sunk the two ships carrying supplies. The other four ships and their landing craft infantry were able to reach the shore before the FAR planes could attack....   [tags: Bay of Pigs invasion]

Research Papers
1818 words (5.2 pages)

The Central Intelligence Agency and the Bay of Pigs Invasion Essay

- The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is still in power. To understand the origins of the invasion and its ramifications for the future it is first necessary to look at the invasion and its origins....   [tags: Cuba, Fidel Castro]

Free Essays
4270 words (12.2 pages)

The Failed Invaion of Cuba Essays

- Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power....   [tags: invasion, failure, power]

Research Papers
760 words (2.2 pages)

The Zebra Mussel's Invasion Effects Essay

- The zebra mussel is a small freshwater mussel, this species was originally native to the lakes of southern Russia. From their first appearance in American waters in 1988, zebra mussels have spread to a large number of waterways, including Lake Simcoe in the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi, Cumberland, Ohio, Tennessee, Michigan, Colorado, and Arkansas Rivers. Unfortunately, the invasion of the Zebra Mussel continues. For instance, in 2009 the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation confirmed that zebra mussels had been found in Laurel Lake in the Berkshires....   [tags: invasion, reducing fresh water supplies]

Research Papers
829 words (2.4 pages)

Bay Of Pigs Essay

- Bay Of Pigs The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, which is located on the south coast of Cuba about 97 miles southeast of Havanna, was one of mismanagement, poor judgment, and stupidity ("Bay of Pigs" 378). The blame for the failed invasion falls directly on the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and a young president by the name of John F. Kennedy. The whole intention of the invasion was to assault communist Cuba and put an end to Fidel Castro. Ironically, thirty-nine years after the Bay of Pigs, Fidel Castro is still in power....   [tags: American America History]

Free Essays
2429 words (6.9 pages)

To the dismay of the Americans, since many Cubans, at the time were living comfortably and therefore needed no change, they disregarded the flyers: "The Agency failed to collect adequate information on the strengths of the Castro regime and the extent of the opposition to it; and it failed to evaluate the available information correctly" (Weiner)

There were a few less important reasons for the invasion command being given by the CIA. One was revenge for the U-2 plane being shot down over Russia. The United States felt that the Russians, by using force against democracy, deserved an attack on the communist regime. Therefore, instead of making an attack on Russia, the American military decided to attack a closer and more convenient communist sympathizer. This was also a valid excuse to try to push Castro out of power. I believe that this made our country look very immature.

Another reason was to protect our supply of raw materials that was entering our country. We were afraid that Castro might block these ships and keep the supplies for himself. Since this was a realistic fear, this line of reasoning was quite logical. Furthermore, our country wanted to protect the rest of Latin America from being overtaken by the communist bloc. We wished to subdue the idea that communism was better than democracy. Russia wanted to spread the idea of not just communism's superiority, but also democracy's inferiority. Therefore, even if these countries didn't convert to communism, they would still be willing to fight against us if they had the chance. We wanted to prevent most of our southern neighbors from becoming a security threat. Dealing with one country standing against us was a big enough problem for our government; we didn't need several other countries entering into what could become a much greater conflict. These ideas were probably the best reasons to strike out against Cuba. The threat of having more than one Russian supporter near us could have been fatal to our country.

Ultimately, the Bay of Pigs invasion failed. However, that was just the beginning of our problems. Because we were unable to stop the threat of communism within Cuba at this time, they continued to have relations with Russia. All of these events led up to another important U.S.-Cuba event, The Cuban Missile Crisis. This became one of the scariest moments during the Cold War and was probably the closest the world ever came to complete nuclear war. Ultimately, no one was hurt during this latter encounter and Cuba became merely an isolated, socialist island nation. The American government has tried numerous times to extricate Castro, but the plans have always failed and have brought some degree of humiliation to the CIA. The only option left for our government is to wait for a new regime and hope that it shares our democratic vision.

The Bay of Pigs has affected the country in such a way that it would be difficult to imagine our country, and especially South Florida, not worrying about Cuba. If it is not the trade embargo, then it could be the problem arising over families being broken up due to defections to the United States. Many important ideas and people could be coming out of Cuba today, but because of the Bay of Pigs and its ramifications we are confined to waiting for palpable, political change.



Work Cited

Weiner, Jared. "Bay of Pigs Report." (14 Oct. 1998) http://hometown.aol.com/yo1460/byopr/report1.html
Return to 123HelpMe.com