Essay about Texas Courts

Essay about Texas Courts

Length: 2440 words (7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In 1822, Stephen F. Austin established one of the first courts in Texas and appointed a provisional justice of peace. Since Texas was a part of Mexico at the time, the Mexican governor replaced the justice of peace with three elected officials. (Utexas) Soon after Independence, the republic of Texas under the 1836 Constitution, established a supreme court and allowed Congress to create inferior courts. Judges in such courts were to be elected by Congress. Counties, at the time, had County and Justice of Peace courts, whose judges were popularly elected. With the entrance of Texas into the Union and the adoption of numerous constitutions during the period, Texas retained a similar judicial structure. The current 1876 Constitution created a Supreme Court with appellate civil jurisdiction, the court of appeals, a large number of district, county and justice of peace courts and authorized the legislature to create further courts as necessary. Overtime, the legislature added a number of layers to the judicial system creating a vast and complex judicial system with numerous overlapping jurisdictions between courts. Due to the complicated nature of the current judicial system in Texas, this paper will start by giving a brief explanation of the structure of the current judicial system in Texas and will move on by identifying some strengths and weaknesses in the current system and the need for reforms, present numerous proposed reforms and analyzes why the proposed reforms failed.

The current judicial system in Texas comprises of five levels of courts, some created by the State Constitution and others by the legislatures. At the local level, there are two courts; the Justice of Peace court and the Municipal Court. The Justice of Peace...

... middle of paper ...

...s fair to everybody. At the same time the governor can start a grass roots movement to raise awareness among the people over the need to reform the judiciary. When the legislature meets, the Governor can submit the amendment to the legislature for a vote. If the amendment passes, the can be placed on the ballot for the voters to decide during the next election.

Works Cited

Champagne, Anthony. "Judicial Reform In Texas." American Judges Association n.pag. Web. 14 Feb 2011.

"The Justice System." Texas Politics. University of Texas, n.d. Web. 14 Feb 2011. .

"History of Reform Efforts:Texas." American Judicature Society, n.d. Web. 14 Feb 2011..

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Texas Legislator or Procrastinator?

- With the exception of the United States constitution, the 1876 Texas constitution serves as the supreme law of Texas. The modern constitution of 1876 has been in effect for almost one hundred and forty years now. It is the sixth constitution that has been made since Texas gained independence from Mexico in 1836. The constitution delegates and allocates powers to the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of our Texas government. Although the constitution provides the Texas government with authoritative power, it imposes limits on that power by distributing it among the three branches....   [tags: Texas Constitution of 1876]

Term Papers
919 words (2.6 pages)

The Texas Constitution And The State Of Texas Essay

- The Texas Constitution provides for the division of power and integration of Bill of Rights to the constituents of the State of Texas. The Texas Constitution is made up of a preamble, seventeen articles, and an appendix. The current Constitution was written on November 26, 1875, and adopted February 15, 1876, it is also the eighth constitution to be adopted by the State of Texas. Similar to the United States Constitution the Texas Constitution contains a preamble as follows, “Humbly invoking the blessing of Almighty God, the people of the State of Texas do ordain and establish this Constitution” (Tex....   [tags: Separation of powers, Law, United States]

Term Papers
1039 words (3 pages)

Essay on Texas Court Systems : Texas

- Texas Court Systems Texas politics is an interesting ecosystem of power, rules and regulations. Of course, in typical Texas fashion, most of the politics we engage in we do our own way. From governors who stay in office for a decade to our extremely diverse demographics, Texas is extremely unique. This uniqueness of course comes with its critics, benefits, and downsides. This is particularly true with the Texas Court system compared to both the federal courts and many other states. In the Texas court system, judges are elected instead of appointed like in the federal government....   [tags: Supreme Court of the United States, United States]

Term Papers
885 words (2.5 pages)

The Texas House Of The State Of Texas Essay

- The government for the state of Texas consist of three branches Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Each one of these branches has their own unique power. The powers are all distributed equally within these three branches. The Texas legislative main job is to make the laws for the state of Texas. It is split into two parts the house of representative and the senate. Both of the houses have unique powers. One of the biggest reason why the legislative is bicameralism is to have checks and balances within the branch preventing it from ever become too powerful....   [tags: Separation of powers, United States, Legislature]

Term Papers
802 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Constitutionality Of The Texas Court System

- The Texas court system is structured and well organized but might seem quite confusing at first. There are different types of courts in Texas, which are the municipal courts, county courts, county courts of law, district courts, appeal courts, and the highest courts. All of which contribute to the state of Texas and help the community establish a well organized place to live upon. These court systems play a huge role in the safety of the citizens. There are Local Trial courts of limited jurisdiction called municipal courts and Justice of the Peace courts....   [tags: Court, Appeal, Law, Appellate court]

Term Papers
704 words (2 pages)

The Judicial Power Of The State Of Texas Essay

- The judicial power of the State of Texas is derived from Article 5, Section 1 of the Texas Constitution and it is vested in one Supreme Court, in one Court of Criminal Appeals, in Courts of Appeals, in District Courts, in County Courts, in Commissioners Courts, in Courts of Justices of the Peace, and in such other courts as may be provided by law. Abraham Lincoln once said, “Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the Earth”, however, the ambiguous language and aim of the constitution has allowed for numerous interpretations of the law....   [tags: Capital punishment]

Term Papers
1133 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The Branches Of Texas Government

- Maureen Omondi Blake Windham GOVT 2306 04/29/2015 The Branches Of Texas Government The Texas government is an unusually complex institution that is composed of many different levels. Everyone asks, with a constitution like the one Texas has, can people really trust the government. The main reasons why people might not be trusting of the government are that they might believe that the officials take advantage of their power, or want to try to control them. The Texas legislature is also subject to checks and balances in the three branch system....   [tags: Separation of powers, Judiciary, United States]

Term Papers
1072 words (3.1 pages)

The Texas Constitution Legislatures Authority Essay

- The Texas Constitution delegates authority to three departments; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The Legislative Department consists of the Senate consisting of 31 members, and The House of Representatives is composed of 150 members. The Executive Department consists of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Commissioner of General Land Office, and Attorney General. The Judicial System consists of one Supreme Court, in one Court of Criminal Appeals, in Courts of Appeals, in District Courts, in County Courts, in Commissioners Courts, in Courts of Justices of the Peace, and in such other courts as may be provided by law....   [tags: Separation of powers, Law, United States]

Term Papers
937 words (2.7 pages)

The Education Of Texas Children Essay

- Parents and Teachers have been concerned about the education of Texas children for many years and that worry still goes on today. The concerns is whether their son or daughter will get a proper education due to the Texas failing to deliver a proper public educational system. The reason many people believe it has failed to establish any public system of education, because it is not equal to all students, which seems to be redundant and keeps rearing its ugly head in Texas history. Public education has to meet the needs of Texas students and treat each student equally but in the past that has not been the case....   [tags: Education, School, Separation of powers]

Term Papers
1112 words (3.2 pages)

Juvenile Courts Essay

- Juvenile Courts in United States Persons aged below 18 years are regarded as underage and when they break the law they are not charged in the adult courts. They are charged in the young offender courts which are also called Juvenile courts. For an offender to be eligible for juvenile court, he or she must be under the state’s laws categorized as a juvenile. The age of 18 years is the maximum age at which an offender can use juvenile courts. The applicable age in a few states is 16 or 17 years, while Wyoming State has 19 years as the maximum age....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Term Papers
1688 words (4.8 pages)