Essay on Testimonial Evidence in Major League Athletes

Essay on Testimonial Evidence in Major League Athletes

Length: 996 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Evidence is a necessary key component to reach a verdict in legal cases. The two major categories of evidence include physical and testimonial evidence. Physical evidence is considered as a tangible object that is able to be associated with the victim or criminal (Mason et al., 2005). Mason et al. (2005) refers to testimonial evidence as an allegation, either written or spoken, provided by the witness or victim. Compared with testimonial evidence, Mason et al. (2005) regards physical evidence as a more reliable source of information because testimonies are subjective to the witness or victim. Testimony relies on accurate recollection of all the events that transpired (Mason et al., 2005). Subjectivity also originates from biased or imprecise perception causing the facts to become distorted. In many cases an expert witness, having vast knowledge and qualifications on the subject, will form an expert testimony without being an actual eyewitness to the crime (Fed. R. Evid. 702). Testimonial evidence in trials of major league athletes usually consists of a combination of eyewitness accounts and formed testimonies by expert witnesses. Examples can be found in major league sports trials of athletes belonging to the National Football League (NFL), Major League Baseball (MLB), the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the National Hockey League (NHL).
Tony Martin, a wide receiver for the Miami Dolphins (NFL), was accused of money laundering as a front for Rickey Brownlee (Nobels, 1999). Two teammates, Dan Marino and Nat Moore, gave their testimonies before a jury. Dan Marino’s testimony was centered on displaying Martin’s good morals and values. Nat Moore’s testimony embodied Martin’s respectable qualities and characteristics, all of...


... middle of paper ...


...02.
Dexter, P. (1987, 05 11). The case against Brian Spencer. Sports Illustrated, 66(19), 68-77. http://sportsillustrated.ca/vault/article/magazine/MAG1065957/index.htm
Eder, Steve. “Rodriguez’s ‘Gummies’: Files Detail Doping, Down to Milligram.” The New York Times, January 14, 2014, Late Edition - Final edition, sec. Sports Desk; SECTA.
Manson, G., & Mauro, J. (2005). Data analyst training - types of evidence. http://www.nfstc.org/pdi/Subject01/pdi_s01_m01_01.htm
Nobels, C. (1999). Marino gives testimony in trial of a teammate. New York Times. http://search.proquest.com.mutex.gmu.edu/docview/110027051?accountid=14541
O'Driscoll, P. (2004, 05 11). Bryant accuser goes to closed court hearing. USA Today. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.mutex.gmu.edu/ehost/detail?sid=84fccb6d-8aef-44ce-8027e4cafa6383f1@sessionmgr4004&vid=1&hid=4205&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Major League Baseball Games Essay

- Over time, the importance of the All Star game has shifted greatly. It used to be played for the sole reason that fans could watch the best players in the league compete against each other on the same field. The outcome did not matter because the final score did not affect any team’s season. In 2003 there was a change to a rule in the All Star game. It was decided that the winning team, either the American League or the National League, would be granted home field advantage for the World Series.1 The new rule triggered a lot of controversy and it is still being debated to this day....   [tags: Major League Baseball, World Series]

Better Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Korean Players in Major League Baseball Essay

- Even though Chan-Ho Park’s case proved that Korean players could compete in Major League Baseball, none of other Koreans successfully settled in U.S.A. after Park. Approximately after ten years, a similar case with Park’s debut came out with Shin-Soo Choo. Shin-Soo Choo, who did not make a debut in Korean Baseball Championship before debuting in Major League Baseball, made debut with Seattle Mariners on 21 April 2005. Choo dreamed about Major League Baseball, which led him into a Rookie contract with Seattle mariners after his graduation from high school in 2000....   [tags: Major League Baseball]

Better Essays
1595 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Anabolic Steroids are Ruining Major League Baseball

- Major League Baseball (MLB) has widely been regarded as America’s pastime for the longest time, however it is now becoming known as the sport tainted by one thing, anabolic steroids. An anabolic steroid is related to the natural steroid, testosterone. They are able to stimulate growth in the muscle tissue. They usually increase muscle mass and strength. The MLB has created some of the most historic American icons, such as Babe Ruth and Ted Williams. Players like them showed us what it was like to play baseball the right way....   [tags: Major League Baseball, steroids, ]

Better Essays
1233 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Mlb And Technology : The Mlb, Major League Baseball

- MLB v Technology The MLB, Major League Baseball, has changed drastically since being founded in 1869. The game played back then is very similar to the game so many of us love today; however, there is one major difference. This difference is technology. Not only is the game shown on TV now, but it also has things like instant replay and technology based analytics. Many MLB fans fear for the beloved game and pray that it doesn’t change for the worse, but instead change for the better. Technology seems to be consuming the world, but can it overtake America’s Pastime....   [tags: Major League Baseball, Baseball]

Better Essays
1592 words (4.5 pages)

The Major League Baseball Debut Of Jackie Robinson Essay

- Background & Introduction The Major League Baseball debut of Jackie Robinson, was one of the most historical moments to occur in American sports. He became the first African American player to play in MLB in the modern era, breaking the color barrier in baseball. In making his MLB debut on first base with the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947, it caused quite a controversy all over the country because racism was a prominent issue during this time and the backlash Robinson faced was severe. Robinson, whose grandfather was a slave, had an extraordinary 10 year Major League career....   [tags: Major League Baseball, Jackie Robinson]

Better Essays
969 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Jackie Robinson : A Major League Baseball Game

- It’s been 68 years since Jackie Roosevelt Robinson became the first African-American to play in a Major League baseball game. On April 15, 1947 he stepped onto Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, broke the color barrier, and made history. This day was of enormous significance for many reasons. First and foremost, Jackie helped pave the way for a future filled with incredible African American athletes that may not have gotten their shot, had Jackie not been the pioneer. Without Jackie Robinson, athletes such as Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan, or Tiger Woods may have never even had the possibility to play professionally, let alone achieve the feats that they did....   [tags: Jackie Robinson, Major League Baseball]

Better Essays
1004 words (2.9 pages)

Major League Baseball : Overpaid Players Do Not Perform Essay

- Major League Baseball: Overpaid Players Do Not Perform In Major League Baseball, the tendency of giving out enormous free agent contracts is not fading away despite players playing inadequately throughout the season. CC Sabathia may have had great seasons in the past few years on the Yankees, Sabathia signed a $186 million for 8 years, but he perform unsuccessfully throughout the 2015 season. Having a high ERA and nine losses in 24 starts. After earning $23 million for the season, Sabathia is guaranteed more money next year....   [tags: Major League Baseball, New York Yankees]

Better Essays
862 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Baseball Games : A Major League Baseball Game

- How many times have you see a major league baseball game end with a team having 21 runs scored. This might seem impossible, however, in the original game, baseball would be played until this occurred (Cartwright). This is just one of the three major rules that were changed in baseball. The other two are that the pitchers could only throw underhand, and that if the ball was hit and bounced once then caught it was still called an out (Cartwright). The three major rule changes in baseball changed the way pitchers pitched, that fielders played and how the whole game is played in general....   [tags: Baseball, Baseball rules, Major League Baseball]

Better Essays
868 words (2.5 pages)

Analysis of the Official Website of Major League Baseball Essay

- Analysis of the Official Website of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball is not only America’s favorite past time but, it is also one of America’s longest known sports. As the playoffs approach this year baseball gets more intense as the teams try to secure their playoff position as well as making the wildcard cut. The Major League Baseball website is to everyone who loves the game and wants to follow up on all the latest games along with the great plays of the day. There is a step by step process for following every game of the day....   [tags: Website Major League Baseball]

Free Essays
696 words (2 pages)

Essay about Professional Athletes Get Into The Major Leagues

- Professional athletes get into the major leagues because it is an activity they love to do. Though some do go into the leagues mainly for the fame, these people are there because they feel they deserve to be there due to all their hard work and dedication. Although there are good intentions involved in the choices they choose to take, the means begin to vary in time. Every major sport is a competition of individuals to prove which of whom is the best suited for the time and occasion of the event....   [tags: Major League Baseball, Promotion and relegation]

Better Essays
809 words (2.3 pages)