Test Anxiety and Emotional Reactivity on Test Outcome Essay examples

Test Anxiety and Emotional Reactivity on Test Outcome Essay examples

Length: 1200 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

During studying students are experiencing varieties of emotions. Test anxiety and emotional reactivity to test outcome are one of most frequent and the strongest stressors for students during their college days (Pekrun, Goetz, Titz, & Perry, 2002). Various studies have shown that test anxiety correlate negatively with cumulative grades-point average (Diener, Schwarz, & Nickerson, 2011), academic performance (& Elliot, Pekrun, & Maier, 2009) and students’ health (Conley & Lehman, 2012). Test anxiety and emotional reactivity of test outcome can be influenced by both situational and trait factors (Putwain, Woods, & Symes, 2010). Previous research have shown that achievement goals (Putwain et al., 2010; Putwain & Daniels, 2010; Putwain & Symes, 2012), neuroticism (Chammorro-Premuzic, Ahmetoglu, & Furnham, 2008), perfectionism (Stoeber, Feast, & Hayward, 2009), locus of control (Davis & Davis, 1972) , and even a birth order (Saranson, 1969) are related with test anxiety. Above-mentioned studies suggest that beside situational factors, experience of test anxiety also depend on students’ individual characteristics.
Test anxiety can be studied as both trait and state construct. State test anxiety refers to emotional distress in specific academic setting. Common situational factors include lower self-confidence for the specific test or an awareness of being not adequately prepared for the exam (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1992; Zohar, 1998). The trait test anxiety presents relatively stable individual differences in frequency and intensity of emotional response in test setting (Spielberger, 1972). Trait level of test anxiety is usually assessed by questionnaires. There are several questionnaires and scales of test anxiety upon which factor str...


... middle of paper ...


... and Individual Differences, 47(5), 423-428.
Torrubia, R., Avila, C., Moltó, J., & Caseras, X. (2001). The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) as a measure of Gray's anxiety and impulsivity dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(6), 837-862.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063.
Živčić-Bećirević, I., Juretić, J., & Miljević, M. (2009). The Role of Metacognitive Beliefs, Automatic Thoughts During Learning and Attribution of Success in Students' Test Anxiety and Academic Achievement. Psihologijske teme, 18(1), 119-136.
Zohar, D. (1998). An additive model of test anxiety: Role of exam-specific expectations. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(2), 330.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Test Anxiety And Its Effects Essay

- Test anxiety is a common phenomenon among students and is a problem among the education system. According to 1 and 14, test anxiety is an unpleasant emotional experience or fear of failing, before or during important examinations. Unpleasant experiences consist of dread, fear, apprehension, worry, tension, and doubt which makes test situations appear threatening (1, 2, 5, 6, & 8). These experiences decrease one’s ability to cope with stressful testing situations and inhibits performance ability....   [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Education, Standardized test]

Strong Essays
1101 words (3.1 pages)

Questions On Overcoming Test Anxiety Essay

- “Hey sweetie, how did your exam go?” said mom. “Oh it was okay I guess…” I said. “Well do you think you aced it?” She said. “Maybe I just feel so worried that I didn’t do go, I mean the whole time all I could think about was, do I know this, is that the right answer, and my stomach was in knots the whole time.” If this sounds like you when you know you have a big exam coming up, you’re not alone. A lot of people have test anxiety, some worse than others, but there’s nothing to worry about. Here’s a few tips and tricks to overcoming test anxiety....   [tags: Anxiety, Mind, Psychology, Test]

Strong Essays
1299 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Is Test Anxiety All Of The Mind?

- Is Test Anxiety All In The Mind. Stress and anxiety is assumed to negativity affect a students ' performance when taking tests. Research studies have actually revealed that students with insignificant amounts of test anxiety achieve greater scores on evaluations than those with high anxiety levels. This has been proven both with children taking test all the way to their adult counterparts. Do female students have higher test anxiety levels compared to male students. What are some ways that both genders can implement so that their test scores can be raised....   [tags: Anxiety, Psychology, Mind, Experiment]

Strong Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Strategies for Overcoming Test Anxiety

- Anxiety can be defined as a state of uneasiness and nervousness resulting from the fear of unknown or the anticipation of some threatening event or situation. It can also be taken as a generalized mood or condition of mind that results from some unidentifiable cause or stimulus that is supposed to bring on some negative outcomes of certain possible future event/s or to simplify the whole idea, one can say that anxiety is the feeling of being worried about what may / will happen. This restlessness or uneasiness of feeling leads to various psychological and physiological disorders such as loss of appetite, loss of sleep, headache, palpitation, sweating, trembling etc....   [tags: test and testing]

Strong Essays
622 words (1.8 pages)

Testing : Test Anxiety Finals Essay

- Test Anxiety Finals Paper Sara Varsames Education 101 (M/W 11:45-1pm) 10 December 2015 Any student at any level of education would have to say they have experienced some kind of level of anxiety in their academic career. Whether it is from standardized testing, impressing teachers, or academically hard classes, students experience an unhealthy amount of stress every day. Standardized testing can come at the earliest ages of schooling, and therefore almost immediately sets a precedent for the oncoming stress in the next eighteen years they will be in school....   [tags: Anxiety, Psychology, High school, Fear]

Strong Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

How to Cope With Test Anxiety Essay

- How to Cope With Test Anxiety Most students experience some degree of test anxiety. Test anxiety refers to a combination of physiological, emotional, and psychological components that are caused by the stress of taking exams. This may interfere with one's ability to think, reason, and plan. For some students, test anxiety is an unpleasant experience but doesn't necessarily interfere with exam performance. For other students, however, test anxiety is not only an unpleasant experience but also seriously interferes with exam performance....   [tags: Anxiety Essays]

Free Essays
368 words (1.1 pages)

Essay about Test Anxiety And Its Effect On Students

- Test Anxiety According to the American Test Anxieties Association, “About sixteen to twenty percent of students have high test anxiety, making this the most prevalent scholastic impairment in our schools today. Another eighteen percent are troubled by moderately high test anxiety.” A small amount of anxiety is a normal reaction to taking tests and may motivate some students. However, it becomes a problem when the levels of anxiety become too high and start effecting student performance. Also, if they connect self-worth to the outcome of a test and fail to study until last minute it can leave a student anxious and overwhelmed....   [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Anxiety disorder, Causality]

Strong Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Test Anxiety : The Crippling Fear Of Failure

- Test Anxiety: The Crippling Fear of Failure Fear is used as the umbrella term for a seemingly innumerable amount of emotions and traits, namely because fear presents itself in a number of ways. If you have ever experienced any anxiety or phobia then you have encountered something that you are afraid of and that feeling was produced by fear. The purpose of this essay is to introduce the reader to a specific kind of terror, and that is “testophobia” or test anxiety that can be brought on by an apprehension of failure....   [tags: Anxiety, Fear, Emotion, Anxiety disorder]

Strong Essays
802 words (2.3 pages)

Testosterone Reactivity As A Biomarker Of Dominance Essay

- Testosterone has been conceptualized as a biomarker of dominance in the social interaction literature, based on evidence suggesting that increases in testosterone index social dominance (Carre et al., 2013; Lopez et al., 2009; Mehta and Josephs, 2006; Roney et al., 2007) and that decreases index social submission (Maner et al., 2008). Although testosterone appears to be integral to interpersonal submission, limited research has explored testosterone reactivity within established romantic relationships (Roney and Gettler, 2015; Wardecker et al., 2015)....   [tags: Emotion, Sociology, Hormone]

Strong Essays
1012 words (2.9 pages)

Test Anxiety Essay

- Contemporary society has been given the labels of “test-oriented” and “test-consuming” (Zeidner & Most, 1992) due to its extensive use of testing assessments as a primary agent in decisions that impact many areas of people’s lives. Test scores essentially control an individual’s status in grade school, college and employment. As one expert put it, “We live in a test conscious, test-giving culture in which the lives of people are in part determined by their test performance” (Sarason, 1959, p. 26)....   [tags: Assessment ]

Strong Essays
1468 words (4.2 pages)