Terrorism Is An Understanding Of The United Nations And Other International Organizations

Terrorism Is An Understanding Of The United Nations And Other International Organizations

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Terrorism Definition - Listening to the heart wrenching phone calls from passengers on Flight 93 to the answering machines of their loved ones at the Shanksville, Pennsylvania 9/11 memorial, not only provides a deep emotional understanding of the tragedy of terrorism, but also provides a renewed appreciation of the importance of the preparedness required to combat terrorism. Fundamental to creating and sustaining an international coalition of governments and businesses to fight terrorism is an understanding of what constitutes terrorism (Ganor, 2002). The United Nations and other international organizations have struggled to develop an accepted definition of the term “terrorism” because one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter (Ganor, 2002; Liou & Lin, 2008). Therefore, defining terrorism is paramount to understanding and developing cooperative responses to the escalating threat of terrorism. The underlying characteristic of terrorism is the use of violent conflict (Jain & Grosse, 2009; Ganor, 2002) with the aim to induce terror into society (Jain & Grosse, 2009). Ganor’s (2002) highly referenced work in defining terrorism provides a broad objective definition of terrorism based on accepted international laws and normative principles of behavior during violent conflict. Ganor’s (2002) definition of terrorism is “the deliberate use or the threat to use violence against civilians in order to attain political, ideological and religious aims”. A summary framework for further understanding and differentiating terrorism from other means and ends (Ganor, 2002) of both conventional and asymmetric warfare is provided in Figure 4. Ganor’s (2002) definition of what constitutes terrorism provides the foundational...


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...s were researched by Darendeli and Hill (2015) in how market and non-market activity affects multi-national enterprise legitimacy during Libya’s political turmoil. As previously noted, Bader and Berg (2013) researched the human resource impact of terrorism induced stress on expatriate employees from multi-national corporations during assignments in high risk countries. Expanding research into one of the three remaining understudied research areas in Czinkota’s et al. (2010) roadmap, this paper studies the organizational preparedness (Czinkota et al., 2010) of international businesses and the associated importance of enterprise resilience (Branzei & Abdelnour, 2010; Czinkota et al., 2010). The next section of the paper provides an overview of the conceptual model and hypothesis of the relationships within the model of terrorism and international business preparedness.

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Terrorism Within The United Nations And Other International Organizations

- Terrorism Definition - Listening to the heart wrenching phone calls from passengers on Flight 93 to the answering machines of their loved ones at the Shanksville, Pennsylvania 9/11 memorial, not only provides a deep emotional understanding of the tragedy of terrorism, but also provides a renewed appreciation of the importance of the preparedness required to combat terrorism. Fundamental to creating and sustaining an international coalition of governments and businesses to fight terrorism is an understanding of what constitutes terrorism (Ganor, 2002)....   [tags: Terrorism, September 11 attacks]

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