Terrorism And The Middle East Essay

Terrorism And The Middle East Essay

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It is uncertain whether Iraq and Afghanistan are any better off today because of United States (US) intervention, or whether the two countries would have been any worse if left to their own devices. Since the first bombings in Afghanistan in 2001, the Middle East has seen a rise in the number of terrorist groups and an increase in the number of fighters committed to extremist ideology. After years of US military involvement, the countries are no more secure, stable, or democratic, and the entire region remains weak and threatened by terrorist organizations. Although the US was not defeated as such, the lack of any real success or progress in countering the terrorist threat has bolstered Islamic bravado that the US has no staying power and may in fact be counterproductive in terms of defeating international terrorism. Even though Iraq and Afghanistan have important geopolitical significance in the Middle East and are often lumped together, they are deserving of independent examination. While US efforts in Afghanistan have quelled local support for terrorism, the same cannot be said for Iraq where US intervention has given terrorist organizations several propaganda victories and fueled their campaign strategies.
Afghanistan
When the Soviet backed regime in Afghanistan was defeated in the early 1990s, and amid accusations that the ruling government was seriously corrupted, several competing factions arose to challenge for political power in what was perceived as a civil war. With support from a vast array of local communities, the Taliban emerged as the predominant power and initially brought a hint of stability to the country by providing law and order. Unfortunately, like most groups who seize power and form an authoritarian styl...


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...Worldwide Islamic Resistance, he commented that according to Suri, the American occupation of Iraq almost single-handedly rescued the jihadi movement when many of its critics thought it was finished (Wright 2006). The Global Terrorism Database reflects that terrorism within Iraqi borders rose sharply from six incidents in 2002 to an astounding 85 in 2003 (START 2015). Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) was founded in 2004, the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) in 2006, and several other Islamic insurgent groups followed. The ISI subsequently became known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and now goes by Islamic State (IS). The present-day membership of IS and its leaders can be traced back to former Iraqi soldiers who were removed from their positions when the Iraqi military was dismantled in 2003, and the current wave of terrorism is a direct result of the 2003 Iraq War.

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