The Temple of Apollo at Didyma and Old Saint Peter’s Basilica Essay

The Temple of Apollo at Didyma and Old Saint Peter’s Basilica Essay

Length: 899 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Many modern day Christian beliefs and practices were taken from early pagan practices. In fact, the sacred Greek Temple Of Apollo, Didyma (modern day Turkey) and the Christian Old Saint Peter’s Basilica on Vatican Hill, Rome were similar in history, religion, and intended function as a place of worship. The structural aspects of the two have few similarities, however, that is not to say that the pagan influence on the church building was nonexistent.
The Temple of Apollo at Didyma was designed by two Greek architects, Paionios of Ephesos, and Dafhnis of Miletos. Construction was started in 313 B.C. and was worked on sporadically over the next 500 years. The temple was never completed, mostly because of size and cost. The original Plan was to include 120 columns of over 64 feet in hight (which would have made it the tallest Greek temple) and a base circumference of 6 feet. Surviving records tell us that each column cost 40,000 drachmas (a Greek currency). The average worker made 2 drachmas a day. If the builders had the financial backing of an empire, the temple probably would have been completed.
Constantine Did have the financial backing of a rich empire, as he was Emperor of Rome. Soon after he outlawed the imprisonment and killing of christians he ordered a grand church to be built. Old Saint Peter’s Basilica was built between 320 and 333 A.D. It was immediately recognized as a place of high religious importance (and still is today).
Constantine chose an unusual and controversial location for his church. It was built on Vatican Hill over a pagan Cemetery. This was highly controversial because the defacement of a grave was a serious criminal offense in rome, often carrying death as the punishment. But Constantine was Emper...


... middle of paper ...


...ed view of the altar) and in part the desire to separate the new religion from the old pagan ones. A major structural difference of the Basilica was the entrance to the worship space. The entrance to the Temple was an open passage on the side that led into the main isle. The entrance to the Basilica was though a narthex, or vestibule. This led into the nave, main room, with a length of 300 feet. At the far end was the altar located in the apse and under the chancel arch which separated the apse from the transept.
In conclusion, the construction of Saint Peter’s Basilica was designed to be a visual separation from pagan temples and thus the old pagan religion. However, the architects could not erase the influence paganism already had on Christianity. Paganism melded with Christianity, forming a religion where the new was held as sacred and the old was dismissed.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Peter Taylor's The Old Forest Essay example

- Peter Taylor's The Old Forest Critics have continuously characterized Peter Taylor’s work, as a social critique of the South and how it shows “the effects of cultural inheritance on its people” (Bryant 66). In his story, “The Old Forest,” Taylor examines the regional history and social structures that shaped his own past and how breaking the architecture that has existed for generations is not easily accomplished. Although it takes place in 1937, with progressive girls and college students filling the city of Memphis with intellectualism and open sexuality, the social constructions of the past, most specifically the descendents of plantation owners and rich socialites, are not easily forgo...   [tags: Peter Taylor Old Forest Essays]

Better Essays
3120 words (8.9 pages)

The June Saint Peter Carnaval Effect. Essay

- In advance we want to acknowledge to all bmj editors their permanent aid during all 2013th year and to wish to all them a happy new year, best health and new and big successes every day during all the 2014th year. Colombian good results in sports, at international competitions, mainly in football and cyclism produce radical changes in the daily normal society dynamics. Vibrant actions of those sports of crowds can paralize in any moment all our country. All life is suspended and working places are empty when an international competition goes, where a colombian footballist or a cyclist is participating....   [tags: sports, celebration, FIFA]

Better Essays
524 words (1.5 pages)

The Altarpiece of Saint Peter Essay

- The Altarpiece of Saint Peter Art is a window to the past and there is no place other than the many museums of the world where this is more strongly felt. More specifically, it is also seen through Martin de Soria's work, The Altarpiece of Saint Peter, which was completed around 1480. According to the panel near the altarpiece in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the piece is an enormous work of tempera on panel with parchment ground; it is a typical Spanish altarpiece of the medieval period and is comprised of a complex arrangement of twenty-six paintings....   [tags: essays papers]

Free Essays
803 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy

- The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy "And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Matthew 16:18 Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican is one of the most exquisite churches in the world. The Basilica's importance is derived from the Bible, from the book of Matthew. The Apostle Peter is buried under the High Altar of Saint Peter's Basilica, providing fulfillment to the directive that Jesus gave to Peter....   [tags: Church Rome Italy Essays]

Better Essays
2803 words (8 pages)

Essay about Fast Track To Being A Saint

- Fast Track To Being A Saint There is no waiting list to become a saint. Instant access, like the internet, is now available if one can prove a few miracles and get enough people to rally in ones' behalf to become a saint in less than a few years. On May 9, 2005, Pope Benedict read a letter in which "he asked the head of the Vatican Congregation, for the causes of saints, Cardinal Jose Saraiva Martins, to waive the five-year waiting period between the time of a person's death and when the process for beatification, a key step toward sainthood, can begin (Fisher and Goodstein1)....   [tags: Pope John Paul Saint]

Free Essays
1719 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on Fantastic Elements of Saint George and The Dragon

- Fantastic Elements of Saint George and The Dragon        Margaret Hodges adapted "Saint George and The Dragon" from its original work that was written by Edmund Spencer. "Saint George and The Dragon" is a short story that was published in 1984. Margaret Hodges, who adapted this fantastic literature, is from North America. " Saint George and The Dragon" shows many characteristic of Magical Realism; however, it is Fantastic Literature.   "Saint George and The Dragon" is similar to Magical Realism because the characters within the story treat the events as a normal occurrence....   [tags: Saint George and The Dragon]

Free Essays
1093 words (3.1 pages)

Saint Francis of Assisi Essay

- Saint Francis of Assisi (1182-10/4/1226) was born into a well-off family unit at Assisi, Italy, the son of a wealthy merchant named Pietro di Bernardone. Francis received little formal education and during his formative years. As an adolescent, he was all the rage, attractive, appealing and was mostly preoccupied in having fun; enjoying practical jokes and was usually the central source of entertainment of the party. Francis was brought up in luxury and cheerfulness. He spent a substantial segment of his possessions in wasteful pleasures....   [tags: History Biography Saint Italy Assisi]

Free Essays
1801 words (5.1 pages)

Creating Other Worlds in Fly Away Peter Essay

- Creating Other Worlds in Fly Away Peter         In the novel Fly Away Peter, David Malouf explores the individual’s ability to transcend the immediate, and create ‘other worlds’ of his or her own: "Meanwhile the Mind, from pleasure less, Withdraws into happiness: ...it creates,... Far other worlds..." Malouf uses the continuity of life to highlight the importance of the individual’s mind set against the meaning of human existence. Malouf’s three main characters, Jim Saddler, Ashley Crowther and Imogen Harcourt, are used to present Malouf’s themes in a unique and sensitive manner....   [tags: Peter]

Better Essays
1687 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Biblical Influence and Symbolism in The Old Man and the Sea

- Biblical Influence and Symbolism in The Old Man and the Sea Many times, stories by Ernest Hemingway have much religious influence and symbolism. In The Old Man and the Sea, by Ernest Hemingway, numerous occurrences in the life of Santiago the fisherman are similar to the incidents recorded in the life of Jesus of Nazareth. The names of the characters translated from Spanish to English are just one of those many similarities. The characters in The Old Man and the Sea are in actuality, major figures in the New Testament....   [tags: Old Man and the Sea Essays]

Free Essays
653 words (1.9 pages)

Peter Pan Essay example

- I suddenly, and quite strangely, have found myself conflicted about Peter Pan. I thought I knew the story, believed I was familiar with it. My Mother has used the term "Peter Pan Syndrome" to describe nearly every young member of our family at one time or another. It means you never want to grow up, just like the boy in Walt Disney’s animation. Peter wants to play in Never Land forever and avoid responsibility while careening through the air amid pirates and redskins and a strange yet hopeful band of "Lost Boys." It was all so much fun, and I could never figure out why Wendy and her brothers decided to return home....   [tags: Reflective Peter Pan Analysis]

Free Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)