The Tempest, a famous play written by William Shakespeare shows the restricting powers of a dominant culture. The play is filled with drama between two characters Prospero, a leader of the island and Caliban, his slave. It wasn’t until the late 1960’s a postcolonial revision of Shakespeare’s play was made by Aime Cesaire named A Tempest. Both versions of of the play approached the New World culture and the power to rule over someone. Rob Nixon author of Caribbean and African Appropriations of The Tempest critiques the value of an unstable social society. Nixon states “What the colonial subjects sought was the paradoxical freedom of secure dependence rather than any autonomous, self-determining freedom” (563). Critics like Nixon see the drawing links between Shakespeare’s and Cesaire’s play. Nixon’s explains the values of decolonization power. The link between Shakespeare and Cesaire is the dialect between Prospero and Caliban and the fight for power.
In William Shakespeare’s The Tempest, Prospero’s dialect with Caliban shows cruelty, and ownership by the way he speaks.
CALIBAN: You taught me language on’t
Is, I know how to curse. The red plague rid you
For learning me your language.
PROSPERO: Hag- seed, hence!
Fetch us in fuel; and be quick, thou’rt best,
To answer other business shugg’st thou, malice?
If thou neglect’st or dost unwillingly
What I command, I’ll rack thee with old cramps,
Fill all thy bones with aches, make thee roar,
That beast shall tremble at thy din.
The quotes by Shakespeare, explain Prospero’s language toward Caliban in a negative way. Prospero is a bitter, unsympathetic man when it comes to Caliban. In his eyes Caliban is nothing but a monster. Shakespeare...
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...e island was hers he would have been given it and not have Prospero take over. However, the island is somewhere in the Caribbean. Cesaire explains Prospero as white and Caliban as black. This indication explains to power and property roles in the play. Prospero threatens to whip Caliban and this provokes Caliban’s attempt to claim the island. The dialogue is much harsher and more frequent from Caliban on his requests. It proves how powerful Prospero is and how he controls the characters around him.
William Shakespeare’s play The Tempest leads itself to the understanding of Aime Cesaire’s remaking of the play, A Tempest. The way Prospero treats Caliban in the plays represent the dialect to someone native. Cesaire wrote A Tempest, around a time of social change. Both plays are different in their own ways but represent the colonial attitude toward people.
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