Teen pregnancy is has been a prevalent issue in not only today’s society, but for past generations as well. Teen pregnancy is the term used for teenaged females, typically aged 15-19, that are pregnant and expecting a child. In earlier centuries, teenaged pregnancy was the norm due to shorter life expectancy, which promoted earlier marriages and development of families. Fast forward to now, teen pregnancy has become highly stigmatized as the public have recognized that it, in most cases, negatively affects the future prospects and outlook of the childbearing teenager, the child, and society. Parents want their children to succeed and enjoy the benefits of higher education, better careers, and opportunities before they begin having children and family of their own.
Viewing teen pregnancy across the globe, many of the western and industrialized nations maintain relatively low teen pregnancy rates, while the more poverty stricken and less developed nations such as Sub-Saharan Africa have higher rates of teen pregnancy because teen marriage is encouraged (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X14003875). The CDC reports that the United States is currently at record low rates of teen pregnancy, but is still significantly higher than many other developed nations.
As a public health problem, the issue of teen pregnancy is complex and requires the involvement and aid of many health services and organizations. There are many factors that contribute to the existing rates of teen pregnancy, and there are three levels at which these factors operate: individual, familial, and community. (http://www.cmaj.ca/content/176/11/1601.full.pdf). At the individual level, the largest concern is with the knowledge and values of sex, an...
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...hat focused on improving their sex education programs and providing easier access to contraceptives such as condoms(http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35499440). Looking at California’s circumstances, the steps Thailand have taken will hopefully yield successful results.
Reflecting upon the causes of teen pregnancy and the solutions or methods to prevent and reduce teen pregnancy, it is possible that this public health issue will be eradicated, or at least minimized. I believe that as societal views are shifting and becoming far less conservative, significant changes in the way sex is taught and introduced to teenagers throughout the globe will result in a positive outcome. Many teenagers will become better informed, make smarter decisions, and hopefully use condoms and contraceptives when engaging in sexual activities as they become easily accessible and affordable.
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