Essay on Technological Advances Associated with Space Exploration

Essay on Technological Advances Associated with Space Exploration

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Human space exploration had its beginning on October 4, 1957, when the Soviets launched Sputnik 1 into space. Sputnik was the first artificial satellite. The United States followed close behind, launching Explorer 1 into orbit in early 1958. The Soviet Union was also first to launch a man into space, when on April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human to orbit the earth on Vostok 1. Again, the United States followed shortly after when Alan Shepard made a suborbital flight, becoming the first American in space. The United States then followed with its first orbital flight when John Glenn went to space on February 20, 1962. President John. F Kennedy, the set a new goal for the United States, which was putting a man on the moon by the end of the decade. This goal was realized on July 20, 1969, when Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. The next great leap was the Apollo-Soyuz project, where for the first time, a space mission involved more than one nation. During the 1960’s and 70’s, unmanned spacecraft were being sent to the Moon and Mars, as communication and navigation. Also by the 1970’s, communications and navigations satellites were being used every day. Beginning in 1981 and up to 2011, the Space Shuttle Program allowed for reliable use of space transport by both civilian and military operations. With the Space Shuttle came the International Space Station, which acts as a research laboratory in low earth orbit. (A Brief History of Space Exploration)
Technology in General – How do we benefit?
In many cases, challenge leads to innovation. In other words, necessity is the mother of invention. The great and complex challenges presented by wanting to travel and explore space and continue to advance lead to...


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...asa.gov/Spinoff2011/pdf/Spinoff2011.pdf
NASA Center for AeroSpace Information. (2011). Spinoff: NASA Technologies Benefit Society. Retrieved from http://spinoff.nasa.gov/Spinoff2011/pdf/Spinoff2011.pdf
NASA Center for AeroSpace Information. (2012). Spinoff. Spinoff Program Office. Retrieved from http://spinoff.nasa.gov/Spinoff2012/pdf/Spinoff2012.pdf
Ruiz, J. L., & Frey, C. H. (nd). Geosynchronous Satellite Use of GPS. Retrieved from http://spacejournal.ohio.edu/issue9/pdf/geosynchronous.pdf
Tyson, N. D. (n.d.). The Case For Space Exploration. Retrieved from http://astro.cornell.edu/~randerson/TheCaseForSpace.pdf
Union of Concerned Scientists. (2013, December 12). Nuclear Weapons and Global Security. Retrieved from Union of Concerned Scientists: http://www.ucsusa.org/nuclear_weapons_and_global_security/solutions/space-weapons/what-are-satellites-used-for.html

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