According to Collier (1987, 1988) from the time children are born until about five years of age when they begin to read, children get most of their information via visual observations. It stands to reason that students who are beginning the acquisition of a new language would exhibit the same characteristics regardless of chronological age. Moreover, Paivio (1971) suggests that language is easily learned through verbal association and visual imagery. Based on my experience regarding ESL teaching, pictures seem to be the easiest way to learn English, especially in situations where many words can be elicited in a single picture.
Having taught ESL for many years, I always think of discovering the most appropriate strategies that will help students increase language acquisition in the shortest possible time in order for them to interact socially and academically while learning the English language at the same time. As an ESL teacher, finding strategies that work best should help me to better teach English for beginning learners whose language abilities may be hampered by some personnel, emotional, or mental baggage.
In order to survive in school both academically and socially, ESL students particularly the beginners, should be taught varied strategies that will at least help them communicate their ideas in or out of the classroom. Aside from ...
... middle of paper ...
...r forms of visuals. So if a simple
verbal narration is given alone without any illustration or animation, the narration would not be as easy to follow if this is not accompanied by some visual representations.
Moreover, Mayer (1997) found out that words coded verbally and nonverbally, attaching with pictures, for example, would be learned better than those coded only verbally just like what Paivio, Clark and Sternberg firmly believe. Danan (1992), in a study involving the use of video input and bimodal verbal input (subtitles in the foreign language along with audio in the learner’s native language) supports the Paivios dual theory resulting in better understanding and learning of vocabulary. These findings helps the translation as well giving for forms of mental retrieval of the language used via visuals. More paths can lead to tracing the words and the visual
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Teachers who recognize English language learners’ prior knowledge as an intellectual resource can use that wealth (Dong, 2013). As a Spanish speaker educator teaching in the United States and English language learner (ELL), I identify with the quote of Dong (2013), because language is not an obstacle to learn and be successful. As an educator, I know that ELL the majority of the time struggle in communication, socializing and academics. Dong (2013) states that students that come to United States with other cultures have crucial knowledge gaps.... [tags: Education, Teacher, Spanish language, Learning]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- ELL Resources Selecting appropriate resources for use in the ELL classroom is an important and complex responsibility. Ideally, substantial thought and reflection should go into the process, since student outcomes are at stake; program and content goals, as well as student instructional needs are factors deserving ample consideration. However, practical or even incidental factors can also influence the selection process, and ultimately the final decision. These may include availability (or lack thereof), time constraints, budget limitations, and personal preferences or teaching style.... [tags: education, elementary, instruction]
2318 words (6.6 pages)
- Concepts and References The purpose for the development of an English Language Learner intervention was that many students who had tested out of the ELL program were not finding success in most of their classes. There was a recognized need for intervention in this area. One of the action plan goals is to increase the graduation rate from 86% to 91%. Also to increase the English Language Arts proficiency scores that have decreased from 48% in 2012 to 23% in 2013. Lastly to increase the Math proficiency scores which have also decrease from 37% in 2012 to 29% in 2013.... [tags: education, ELL, fluency, English class]
1333 words (3.8 pages)
- “The concept of differentiation is itself differentiated and refracted through a host of different lenses – intrapersonal, interpersonal, cognitive, affective, behavioural, cultural, and so on” (Cohen et al. 2004, p. 137). This vast range of factors inherent of how teachers plan to support their pupils’ individual needs was also observed in the school where this writer works. However, with it being an educational institution where all pupils are Chinese nationals and English is their second language, it is not always easy to identify each pupil’s individual education needs.... [tags: English language, Education]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- Throughout this course, my beliefs have been reaffirmed regarding the literacy needs of culturally and linguistically diverse learners in a few ways. First, I have been implementing sheltered instruction observation protocol in my classroom. “Sheltered instruction teachers use the regular core curriculum and modify their teaching to make the content understandable for ELLs while at the same time promoting their English language development” (Echevarria, Short & Powers, 2008, pg. 42). The sheltered instruction I have been using in my classroom includes slow and clear speech, scaffolded instruction, visual representations, connecting prior knowledge to learned knowledge, cooperative learning,... [tags: Education, Teacher, Language acquisition, School]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- ... After the pilot study is conducted, an approval for the experiment will be obtained by the primary school in which the experiment will take place. When the school gives an approval, they will be asked to provide the researcher with a list of names of 6 year old children, those who with English as a second language and those as English as their native language. 40 participants will be randomly selected to take part. Only by gaining the schools consent, the parents of children taking part will also be notified.... [tags: england, migration, language]
1732 words (4.9 pages)
- The following paper discusses seven strategies for student learning in an 8th grade geometry class. The strategies aligns with the common core standard 8.G.C.9: Solving real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres. The lesson objective will require students to work independently and as groups to complete a worksheet using what they know about the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres to solve real-world problems. Students will follow classroom rules and procedures for independent and group work and will be required to complete 7 out of 10 problems with 80% accuracy.... [tags: Problem solving, Education]
2198 words (6.3 pages)
- Acquiring a second language at any age presents the learner with many challenges, as well as, an added avenue in which to explore the environment, culture, and complexities of a new language. Learners regardless of age may have a specific need or desire to learn another language, such as: to be able to communicate, desire to connect with others from another culture, enable them to achieve a goal, gain enrichment, or to access education, the list is endless. In the learning process all language learners, whether primary or second language learners, go through stages in acquiring a language and will have many factors that may impede or promote the learning process.... [tags: Second language, Language acquisition]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- Introduction English Language Learners (hereafter referred to as ELLs) currently comprise 10% of the total school population in the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2005). It is a population that is going to continue to increase in American public education and their specific needs for learning literacy are of great importance to teachers. Since schools and teachers are increasingly judged based upon the academic achievement of students, then the success of the growing population of ELLs is going to be increasingly important.... [tags: English Language Learners, ELLs]
2659 words (7.6 pages)
- 1. Introduction Needs Analysis (NA) also interchangeably referred to as Needs Assessment is a tool to collect data on the multifaceted needs of the learners’ for an instructional programme. It is basically an information gathering process, fundamental to English Language Teaching (ELT) programmes, and criterial to English for Specific Purposes (ESP) (Dudely Evans: 1998, Hutchinson & Waters: 1987). NA is carried out from the perspective of the learners mostly; however, perceptions of other stakeholders are also taken into account.... [tags: linguistics, needs assessment]
1870 words (5.3 pages)