Teaching Strategies For Acquiring A Second Language Essay

Teaching Strategies For Acquiring A Second Language Essay

Length: 1088 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Acquiring a second language at any age presents the learner with many challenges, as well as, an added avenue in which to explore the environment, culture, and complexities of a new language. Learners regardless of age may have a specific need or desire to learn another language, such as: to be able to communicate, desire to connect with others from another culture, enable them to achieve a goal, gain enrichment, or to access education, the list is endless. In the learning process all language learners, whether primary or second language learners, go through stages in acquiring a language and will have many factors that may impede or promote the learning process. The following paragraphs will highlight the learning stages and discuss the factors and importance of teaching strategies related to acquiring a second language.
English language learners arrive in the classroom at various levels of acquired primary language and English Language proficiency. There are four stages of language acquisition commonly seen: preproduction or beginning, early production or intermediate, speech emergence or advanced and intermediate fluency or advanced high. In the 1st stage, the student is seen as the silent learner, during this stage language is being incorporated internally, listening to sounds, rhythms, the flow of the language, and sorting out specific words often those that will aide in getting needs met or are similar to primary language. The learner relies heavily on contextual and visual clues for understanding and uses nonverbal communication of gestures, pointing, nodding, or one to two-word responses. There is little to no ability to communicate in English through speaking, reading or writing in academic or social settings. ...


... middle of paper ...


...y, due to the way in which the learning environment was managed.
In conclusion, second language learners progress through the stages of development at different rates. The teaching strategies used at each level must support the learner. It is imperative that students are not forced to produce utterances of the second language especially during the beginning levels of proficiency this will require them to rely on incomplete knowledge and could impede the ability to acquire the structure of second language De Jong (2005). Learners must be allowed to determine when to orally produce in the second language allowing them to move from the silent period to producing in the second language Granger (2004). Students and families must feel their culture and language is respected and the learning environment needs to support the learner to make the learning process effective.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Effective Literacy Strategies for English Language Learners Essay

- Introduction English Language Learners (hereafter referred to as ELLs) currently comprise 10% of the total school population in the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2005). It is a population that is going to continue to increase in American public education and their specific needs for learning literacy are of great importance to teachers. Since schools and teachers are increasingly judged based upon the academic achievement of students, then the success of the growing population of ELLs is going to be increasingly important....   [tags: English Language Learners, ELLs]

Better Essays
2659 words (7.6 pages)

Teaching Strategies For Direct Instruction Essay

- Teaching Strategies for Direct Instruction When planning a lesson a teacher must choose the appropriate instructional strategy to reach the specific learning outcomes. The Direct Instruction model is appropriate for two types of learning outcomes. Type 1, facts, rules, and action sequences, represents the lower levels of learning of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Type 1 includes knowledge, comprehension, and application. Type 2, concept, patterns, and relationships, represents the higher levels of learning of Bloom’s Taxonomy....   [tags: Learning, Teacher, Education, Question]

Better Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

- Introduction The issue of English language learning has been always a controversial one for almost all non-English language countries around the world these days. However, it seems language learning difficulties are not restricted to those who attempt to learn English. This is the same issue when an English speaker attempts to learn another language especially the Middle Eastern or Asian Languages. There are several hypotheses and theories concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives....   [tags: Language ]

Better Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Language Theory On Second Language Development

- 3. Writer provides description and analysis of school programs offered (5 pts). Schools throughout the nation began to generate programs based on language theory on second language development. These programs directed on moving students along the continuum from non-English speaking to limited English to English skill. One of the programs is ESL program An ESL program is one that “provides instruction in the English language and other courses of study using teaching techniques for acquiring English....   [tags: English language, Second language, United Kingdom]

Better Essays
1140 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Theory and Practice of Language Teaching

- Laberge (2003) says that teaching is the process of imparting skills, knowledge, attitudes and values. It can also be considered as a cyclical process of instilling, transmitting or constructing knowledge. It basically involves several kinds of skills, classroom management, selecting and adapting suitable materials, evaluating and assessing students. It is somehow interrelated with developing good learning process. Encarta (2009) defines learning as the acquisition of knowledge or skills. It is involves in acquiring new competences....   [tags: Educational Philosophy]

Better Essays
1932 words (5.5 pages)

Effective Strategies For Teaching Self Advocacy Essay

- The intent of this research was to discover effective strategies for teaching self-advocacy to middle school students and how students benefit from this instruction. At the middle school level, the need for self-advocacy is strong and it is an ideal time for students to speak on behalf of themselves (Weimer, 1994). There are a variety of strategies that prove effective to teaching self-advocacy to middle school students. Teachers, administrators, parents, and students all benefit from a self-advocating student with learning disabilities....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Educational psychology]

Better Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Teaching Theories of Language Acquisition

- Understanding the meaning of a word is a key part of communicative ability and is extremely important for both the construction and conception of a foreign language. To learn a word, one needs to know about its general usage and situational limitations, know its original form and the forms that can be derived from it, the networks it can form with other words and, all the meanings of this particular word(Richards 1976 cited in Ghazal, no date). In relation to the importance of vocabulary learning, Pikulski and Templeton suggested that students learning new words will lead to improve listening, speaking, reading and writing vocabularies....   [tags: vocabulary, applications, phones]

Better Essays
3053 words (8.7 pages)

English is the World Language Essay

- Question 1: Write your own definition of the term global language. A global language is one that is widespread internationally and used as the common one for communication between various groups and societies. It is the language that is most taught and learnt as a foreign and/ or a second language worldwide. This kind of language has a large amount of prestige, and official or special status. It is the language of politics, international business or economics, international communication, academic conferences, science, technology, tourism, media, publishing of books or journals, newspapers, and health sciences....   [tags: World Language]

Better Essays
1659 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Development of Language Acquisition

- The development of language acquisition in children begins in their first few years of life. “Human beings are born to speak (Genishi, 1998), with babies, children and even adults, frequently imitating, observing and listening to the various dialects that they are exposed too. The interaction and communication within the environment also plays an essential role in the development of language acquisition. The repetitive use of stories, books and the continual guidance of the adults in their lives heightens children’s literacy and language development, which inevitable helps them succeed during their schools lives and beyond (Zero to Three, 2003)....   [tags: Communication, Teaching Strategies]

Better Essays
2422 words (6.9 pages)

Experiential Methods for Acquiring Self-Knowledge Essay

- Experiential Methods for Acquiring Self-Knowledge Do people ever know enough about themselves to determine the direction of their career journey. Various strategies have been developed to provide guidance toward this end; however, as the realities of work change due to such factors as global competition and new technologies, it is necessary to develop new awareness of self in relation to work. This Digest examines various processes by which learners of all ages, elementary to adult, can expand their self-knowledge--their interests and the importance of those interests to their personal satisfaction, their strength and weaknesses in relation to their interests, and the ways in which their i...   [tags: Education Careers Essays]

Better Essays
1511 words (4.3 pages)