Teacher Resistance Can Cause Barriers When Implementing Technology in the Schools

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History of Resistance Technology is not a modern, 21st century word. Technology has been in our society, and our classrooms for that matter, for quite some time. According to Seattler (1990) integration of televisions into the classroom started in the 1950’s and has evolved to bigger and better things since then. When first introduced, televisions were given put in classrooms with the expectation that when turned on, teaching practices would be transformed and problems in instruction and student performance would be solved. This movement was met by resistance, as described by Cuban (1986); teachers were not willing to integrate this technology into their teaching practices. Not only were teachers untrained on how to use this new technology, they were also afraid of being obsolete and eventually replaced. Obviously teachers were not replaced by televisions, but there was a real scare for some, especially when school districts were investing in the creation of educational shows and resources. According to Reiser (2002), this trend of investing and incorporating audio and visual tools continued for some time, eventually becoming common place in most classrooms. Simon (1969) put it best when describing the use of technology, saying that it should not be to replace the teacher, rather introduce a new way of interfacing the outside world with that of the classroom environment. Fast forward a few decades, computers and the internet enter the classroom. Unfortunately, even a decade or so after this integration, technology is still not being used to it full potential. Schank & Cleary (1995) predicted this would happen, making the point that the integration of technology without training educators in how to use it effective... ... middle of paper ... ...students’ behavioral intention to use e-learning. Educational Technology & Society, 12(3). Reiser, R.A. (2002). A history of instructional design and technology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. Saettler, Paul. (1990). "The Evolution of American Educational Technology." Denver, CO: Libraries Unlimited. Schank, R. C., & Cleary, C. (1995). Engines for education. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawerence Erlbaum Associates. Scheffler, F., & Logan, J. (1999). Computer technology in schools: What teachers should know and be able to do. Journal of Research on Computing in Education. . Simon, H. (1969). The science of the artificial. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Wilfong, J. D. (2006). Computer anxiety and anger: The impact of computer use, computer experience, and self-efficacy beliefs. Computers in Human Behavior Volume: 22, Issue: 6.

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