The Tale of Two Philosophies: Epicureanism and Stoicism Essay

The Tale of Two Philosophies: Epicureanism and Stoicism Essay

Length: 1835 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

THESIS STATEMENT
In Hellenistic Greece, Epicureanism and Stoicism were two influential philosophies encouraging a life of happiness; these philosophies were similar in their belief of the afterlife, but differed in their beliefs of the gods and the approach to attain happiness in life.

PURPOSE STATEMENT
Through research and analysis, it is shown that Epicureanism and Stoicism both portrayed the general idea of a content life, but had more differences than similarities in their various beliefs.

INTRODUCTION
The Hellenistic period brought a new, refreshing start to Greece. Ancient Greece and its introverted culture transformed into Hellenistic Greece, which infused its culture into countries and empires outside of Greece’s boundaries. With this spreading influence, new forms of art, inventions, and religion emerged in the midst of the cultural growth. An innovated aspect within Hellenistic Greece was philosophy and its new schools. At the time, two of the most popular philosophies, Epicureanism and Stoicism, rivaled each other.
Epicureanism, founded by Epicurus, and Stoicism, founded by Zeno of Citium, gave the Greeks an attempt to have meaning in their lives. Although the two philosophies competed with each other, they had similarities along with their differences. As Hicks briefly describes, “Both schools sought by devious paths one and the same goal” (v). Epicureanism and Stoicism conceived the universe in different ways, which ultimately led to more differences than similarities between the two philosophies. However, the two schools coincided in their views of life’s purpose – achieving happiness throughout life.
Epicureanism and Stoicism had similarities and differences in how they perceived the world, which culminated in ...


... middle of paper ...


...Epicureans and Stoics] offered a conception of the world and human nature which drew its support from empirical observations, reason and a recognition that all men have common needs” (6). Though both views opposed each other in various ways, they both provided man with a way to live and to care for oneself.  



WORKS CITED
Brennan, Tad. The Stoic Life: Emotions, Duties, and Fate. Oxford: Clarendon, 2005. Print.
Hicks, Robert Drew. Stoic and Epicurean. New York: Russell & Russell, 1962. Print.
Long, A. A. Hellenistic Philosophy; Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics. New York: Scribner, 1974. Print.
O'Keefe, Tim. Epicureanism. Berkeley: University of California, 2010. Print.
Panichas, George A. Epicurus. New York: Twayne, 1967. Print.
Sandbach, F. H. The Stoics. New York: Norton, 1975. Print.
Warburton, Nigel. A Little History of Philosophy. New Haven: Yale UP, 2011. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Tale Of Two Cities Essay example

- Charles Dickens’ characters in A Tale of Two Cities highlight themes in the book, and symbolize groups of people in the French Revolution, human characteristics, and emotions, sometimes through foils. Themes are the main ideas or underlying meanings in literary works; symbolism is when the author uses objects, people, or actions to represent something that is different from its literal definition. A character that displays the qualities that contrast with another character for the purpose of highlighting the other character’s traits is called a foil....   [tags: A Tale of Two Cities]

Term Papers
1206 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on An Analysis of A Tale of Two Cities

- An Analysis of A Tale of Two Cities By reading the novel A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, it gives us an understanding of the French Revolutionary War that cannot be found in textbooks. By reading between the lines, each of the characters represents the stirring emotions and reactions of the people that were affected by the War. Lucie Manett, who later becomes Lucie Darnay, is a tender and affectionate loving person. She is a very virtuous woman who reaches out to all human beings in need of love....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Free Essays
464 words (1.3 pages)

Essay Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities

- Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities      Resurrection is a powerful theme found throughout the plot of A Tale of Two Cities.  Many of the characters in the novel are involved with the intertwining themes of love, redemption, and good versus evil.  The theme of resurrection involves certain aspects of all of these themes and brings the story together.         Dr. Manette is the first person to experience resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities.  He is taken away from his pregnant wife and then imprisoned for eighteen very long years.  Over the years, his condition deteriorates until he forgets his real name and mindlessly cobbles shoes to pass the time.  In "Book the...   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Term Papers
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Foreshadowing in A Tale of Two Cities Essay

- Foreshadowing in A Tale of Two Cities How does diabolically spilt blood and mysterious footsteps become important in a historical fiction novel. What makes these murder-mystery traits relevant. Charles Dickens, author of A Tale of Two Cities, creatively foreshadows future events using suspenseful topics: A forbidden declaration of love, a tragically beautiful sunset streaked with crimson, echoing footsteps of a past that will not be forgotten, and wine stained streets soon to be smeared with blood....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Term Papers
675 words (1.9 pages)

Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities Essay

- Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities During a time of lost hope, death and war, the `golden thread', Lucie Manette plays the roll of a heroine doing everything she can to make sure the important people in her life are loved. Lucie provides not only warmth toward her father, Dr. Manette, but also towards the man that yearns for Lucie's love; Sydney Carton. Despite all the negativity that surrounds Lucie and her loved ones, she doesn't fail to lead her father and Carton to rebirth. Unlike the process of actual birth, rebirth is associated with rejuvenation....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Free Essays
1007 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities

- Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities     In A Tale of Two Cities, by Charles Dickens, many characters are given second chances as their lives are resurrected. The central heroine woman, Lucy Manette, is responsible for the resurrections of Sydney Carton and Dr. Alexander Manette's lives. She gives them inspiration and love to help them recover from their seemingly hopeless states. In turn, Carton gives up his own life in order to save a friend. The lives of Sydney Carton, Dr. Manette, and Charles Darnay are all resurrected at times when hope is lost....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Term Papers
1152 words (3.3 pages)

A Tale of Two Cities Essay

- Free A Tale of Two Cities Essays - Sydney Carton and Charles Darney Sydney Carton and Charles Darney were alike in certain ways but completely different in other ways. Some of their characteristics were very similar while others were unlike. Carton was an attorney’s assistant who lived in Paris while Darney was a teacher who lived in London. They both had intangibles about them that you just couldn’t put your finger on. These similarities and differences helped develop Dickens’s theme. Though there were some similarities between Sydney and Charles there were not that many....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Free Essays
505 words (1.4 pages)

A Tale of Two Cities Essays: A Sad Tale Of Two Cities

- A Tale Of Two Cities The focus of A Tale Of Two Cities concerns the impetus and fervor of 18th century European socio-political turmoil, its consequences, and what Dickens presents as the appropriate response of an enlightened aristocracy and just citizenry. The tale opens with Dr. Manettte having spent the last 18 years of his life in the Bastille - innocent of all crimes save his disdain for the base actions of a French Marquis. The heinous nature of his confinement induced a madness remedied only by the devoted love of his Lucie....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Free Essays
655 words (1.9 pages)

Stereotypes and Stereotyping in A Tale of Two Cities Essay example

- Stereotypes in A Tale of Two Cities        Charles Dickens stereotypes many of his Characters in A Tale of Two Cities. Among these stereotyped characters are The Marquis D' Evremond, Lucy, and Miss Pross. These particular stereotypes were probably intentional, for Dicken's was not a skilled writer.            The Marquis d' Evremond was probably intentionally stereotyped. His character is basically used to represent the French Military of the time, so he was as cruel, ignorant, and pompous as the French citizens were at that time....   [tags: Tale Two Cities Essays]

Term Papers
609 words (1.7 pages)

Stoicism Essay

- In the tree of Ethics, there are many twigs and branches that all trace back to a single root: how a person ought to act. Now, the paths that some branches take to get to that single root differ in many ways, yet all arrive at their own definition of how they themselves should live. The ‘branch’ that I will be talking about today, is Stoicism. I will discuss the history and beginnings of Stoicism in the Hellenistic period, the basic ideas of stoicism, and I will share my own personal beliefs and skeptical ideas as concerned with Stoicism....   [tags: essays research papers]

Term Papers
1330 words (3.8 pages)