Cancer is a disease that has been reported to claim millions of lives a round the globe and has many different forms. Cancer is defined as “a malignant form of tumors, which are tissue masses that arise through mutations in the genes that govern cell growth and division” (Starr, 1999, p. 213). Skin cancer is just one of the many types of cancer that affects people and most commonly in the United States. It is a disease whereby cancerous cells are found on the epidermis which is the outer layer of the skin or uncontrolled growth of skin cells. This cancer affects the skin tissues and it is the most rampant of all the cancers and it’s increasingly on the rise. It is a disease that can affect anyone that lives under the sun. It includes many types which are either classified as superficial or severe. Skin cancer is classified according to the layer it develops in.
Skin cancer occurs twice often in men than in women. The highest cases of skin cancer have been reported in Australia and South Africa. This kind of disease I common among white skinned people and is rarely reported in dark skinned people. According to cancer statistics, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer that is affecting millions of people around the globe. It has been approximated that, 40-5- percent of people at the age of 65 have or have had skin cancer.
Skin cancer is of three types: Basal cell cancer (BCC), Squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant Melanomia. To begin with, Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common of all cancers. It develops in the bottom layer of the epidermis. It is caused by patched (PTC) gene which helps in controlling the growth and development of cells. It rarely occurs in African Americans but it is mostly found in fair skinn...
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...prevented when detected at an early stage. In order to prevent any type of skin cancer, it is recommended that people avoid the sun at its peak and use sunscreen on regular basis. Any skin abnormalities should be reported to a nearby physician for early treatment and prevention. People should take care of their skin by taking precautions while outside, and wearing clothing such as hats and wear sunglasses to help lower your chances of developing skin cancer.
Arndt, K.A. (2010).Skin Care and Repair.Chestnut Hill, MA:Harvard Health Publications.
MacFarlane, D.F. (2009). Skin Cancer Management: A Practical Approach. New York, NY: Springer Publishers. Eggert, S., Rosen, T. & Schumack, S. (2009). Managing Skin Cancer. New York, NY: Springer
Schwartz, R.A. (2008). Skin cancer: recognition and management. Massachusetts, MA: Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
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