Taking a Look at John Clare's Poems

Taking a Look at John Clare's Poems

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John Clare was an English poet that lived in the late 1700's and early 1800's. His poems reflect

his experiences in life, many of them being about love. John Clare writes in a simple, unsophisticated

manner, using a plentiful amount of figurative language such as similes and metaphors.Imagery is also

a main element is his poetry.

John Clare's poems are very straightforward, making the general idea of his poems stronger and

easier to understand. Clare tells a story in each of his poems, and expresses his feelings. One example

that shows the simplicity of his work is “First Love”. In this poem, Clare talks about what the title

says,how it feels to fall in love for the first time,. He says that he fell in love at first sight, “I ne’er was

struck before that hour, With love so sudden and so sweet”. He also talks about how his life was able

to change in an instant, that his life “turned into clay”. He also uses alliteration ( “blood burnt”) and

repetition(“ pale as deadly pale”) to make smoother lines through the poem. While the poem is simple,

he is able strongly convey his emotions during this experience through his use of simile and metaphor.

Figurative language such as simile, metaphor, personification, and irony is very common

through Clare's poems. Two examples that use much figurative language are “I am!” and “Autumn”.

In “I am!”, Clare talks about his time of mental illness. He faces loneliness and depression, and how he

wishes to kill himself (“I long for scenes where man hath never trod....There to abide with my

Creator, God,”). Clare uses irony to explain how his friends treat him like a stranger. He uses paradox

explain what is wrong with his mind (“Into the nothingness of scorn and noise”).Personification is also

used, saying that Clare's 'woes' “rise and vanish in oblivious host, like shadows in love’s frenzied

stifled throes” . Examples of similes in the poem include “My friends forsake me like a memory lost”,

and “like vapours tossed”. The poem “Autumn” uses more similes and metaphors, with there being

more than one simile in each stanza. Clare compares the characteristics of nature during Autumn with

different objects, such as “The ground parched and cracked is like overbaked bread” (Simile) and

“Burning hot is the ground, liquid gold is the air”(Metaphor).

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Simile and metaphor is what makes John

Clare's poems interesting to read.

Imagery gives more comprehension depth to John Clare's poems. “ Autumn” again is another

great example of imagery being used. The whole poem in general illustating the strange beauty of

Autumn”. Along with sight images, Clare uses sensory images, such as describing the heat during the

season. While Clare describes some beautiful moments, there is much description about the wilting of

plants and the ground slowly cracking and drying (“The ground parched and cracked is like over baked

bread, The greensward all wracked is, bents dried up and dead.”). In the poem “I hid my Love”, Clare

uses auditory images , such as the sounds of different animals. Clare talks about the buzzing of flies,

the songs of bees, and the roar of a lion.

Looking at the poems overall, some other techniques of John Clare include using punctuation

marks and rhyme scheme. Clare tends to write his poems using commas, periods, question marks,

colons, etc. Even though he uses punctuation, he starts every line with a capital letter. Clare always has

a rhyme scheme in his poems, but they are not always the same. Sometimes, the rhyme scheme is in an

exact order and each word rhymes perfectly. At other times, the rhyme scheme is scrambled or

slant rhymes are used.

John Clare is a great poet who is able to use simple words but have a great expression of

emotion.He is able to turn his experiences into beautiful poems using imagery and figurative

language.
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