There is not a specific test that can diagnose Tourette’s, and doctors must rely on the history of symptoms to diagnose it. The criteria to diagnose TS include things such as: having both motor and vocal tics, it occurs before age 18, the tics aren’t caused by medications or another medical condition, and that the tics occur several times a day, every day, for over a year.
Though the exact causes of Tourette’s are unknown, we know that it has to do with abnormalities in the development of the brain and nervous system, namely the frontal lobes. Evidence suggests that it is caused by an imbalance in the brain chemicals like dopamine, which controls movements and impulses. (Steer 2010) Even the slightest imbalance in the brain’s chem...
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...these include antidepressants, stimulants, and blood pressure medication. Antidepressants help control anxiety and sadness, which are triggers of tics. For antidepressants, I have taken Abilify, Fluoxetine, and Prozac. For me, these are the medications that really helped me control my tics by targeting the main triggers of my tics. With Tourette’s, I have always had tics, but the times that they are the most noticeable are when I am stressed or anxious about something. Stimulant medications are used to help increase attention and concentration. When you are concentrated on something, your tics are naturally suppressed, and these medications help you concentrate on something besides your tics. Central adrenergic inhibitors, such as Clonidine, are usually prescribed for high blood pressure, help control physical symptoms, and help suppress the impulse to perform a tic.
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